Mapping octocoral (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) research in Asia, with particular reference to the Indian subcontinent: trends, challenges, and opportunities

Main Article Content

Ghosh Ramvilas
Kannan Shalu
Rajeev Raghavan
Kutty Ranjeet

Abstract

Octocorallia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) comprising over 3,600 nominal species within three orders, Alcyonacea, Helioporacea and Pennatulacea, is one of the most poorly known groups of marine invertebrates.  Half of known octocoral species occur in the Indo-Pacific, but not much is understood about research efforts and outputs in this region, particularly in the Asian context.  A review of the literature on Asian octocorals during a 40-year period from 1978 to 2018 revealed that most research was concentrated in particular regions/countries.  An analysis of research originating from India indicated several issues, including low quality data and local taxonomic impediment.  This paper examines the general trends and geographic disparity in Asian octocoral research over the past four decades, analyses the extent and source of such disparity by drawing parallels between India and the rest of Asia, and provides recommendations for improving octocoral studies in the region. 


 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Ramvilas, G., Shalu, K., Raghavan, R. and Ranjeet, K. 2019. Mapping octocoral (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) research in Asia, with particular reference to the Indian subcontinent: trends, challenges, and opportunities. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 11, 13 (Oct. 2019), 14691–14721. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4982.11.13.14691-14721.
Section
Communications

References

Althaus, F., A. Williams, P. Alderslade & T.A. Schlacher (2017). Conservation of marine biodiversity on a very large deep continental margin: how representative is a very large offshore reserve network for deepâ€water octocorals?. Diversity and Distributions 23(1): 90–103. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12501

Amos, K.A. (2014). The ethics of scholarly publishing: exploring differences in plagiarism and duplicate publication across nations. Journal of the Medical Library Association 102(2): 87–91. https://doi.org/10.3163%2F1536-5050.102.2.005

Bayer, F.M. (1981). Status of knowledge of octocorals of world seas. Seminários de Biologia Marinha, Academia Brasileira de Ciências 3–11.

Bayer, F.M. (2002). Octocoral research – past, present and future. Atoll Research Bulletin 494: 78–106­.

Beall, J. (2016). Best practices for scholarly authors in the age of predatory journals. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 98: 77–79. https://doi.org/10.1308/rcsann.2016.0056

Benayahu, Y., C.S. McFadden, E.F. Shoham & L.P. van Ofwegen (2017). Search for mesophotic octocorals (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) and their phylogeny. II. A new zooxanthellate species from Eilat, northern Red Sea. ZooKeys 676: 1–12. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.676.12751

Benayahu, Y., L.P. van Ofwegen & C.S. McFadden (2018). Evaluating the genus Cespitularia MilneEdwards & Haime, 1850 with descriptions of new genera of the family Xeniidae (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). ZooKeys 754: 63–101. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.754.23368

Bohannon, J. (2013). Who’s Afraid of Peer Review? Science 342(6154): 60–65. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.342.6154.60

Breedy, O. & H.M. Guzman (2018). Revision of the genus Adelogorgia Bayer, 1958 (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Octocorallia) with the description of three new species. Zootaxa 4369(3): 327–348. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4369.3.2

Bramanti, L., M. Iannelli & G. Santangelo (2009). Mathematical modelling for conservation and management of gorgonians corals: youngs and olds, could they coexist?. Ecological Modelling 220(21): 2851–2856. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.01.031

Brooke, M.D. (2000). Why museums matter. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 15(4): 136–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(99)01802-9

Brooks, T.M., R.M. Mittermeier, G.A. da Fonseca, J. Gerlach, M. Hoffmann, J.F. Lamoreux, C.G. Mittermeier, J.D. Pilgrim & A.S Rodrigues. (2006). Global biodiversity conservation priorities. Science 313(5783): 58–61. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1127609.

Brown, M. (2014). Is almetrics an acceptable replacement for citation counts and the impact factor?. The Serials Librarian 67(1): 27–30. https://doi.org/10.1080/0361526X.2014.915609

Buck, M. & C. Hamilton (2011). The Nagoya Protocol on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Review of European Community & International Environmental Law 20(1): 47–61. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9388.2011.00703.x

Chakrapany, S. (1984). Studies on Marine Invertebrates. Scyphomedusae of the Indian and adjoining seas. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Madras, 412pp.

Coll, M., C. Piroddi, J. Steenbeek, K. Kaschner, F.B.R. Lasram, J. Aguzzi, E. Ballesteros, C.N. Bianchi, J. Corbera, T. Dailianis & R. Danovaro (2010). The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: estimates, patterns, and threats. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11842. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0011842

Costello, M.J., R.M. May & N.E. Stork (2013a). Can we name Earth’s species before they go extinct?. Science 339(6118): 413–416. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1230318

Costello M.J., W.K. Michener, M. Gahegan, Z.Q. Zhang & P.E. Bourne (2013b). Biodiversity data should be published, cited, and peer reviewed. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 28(8): 454–461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2013.05.002

Daly, M., M.R Brugler, P. Cartwright, G.A Collins, M.N. Dawson, D.G. Fautin, S.C. France, C.S. McFadden, D.M. Opresko, E. Rodriguez, S.L. Romano & J.L. Stake (2007). The phylum Cnidaria: a review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus. Zootaxa 1668(1): 127–182. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1668.1.11

Daniel, R. (1985). Coelenterata, Hydrozoa: Siphonophora, The Fauna of India and the Adjacent Countries. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, India, 400pp.

Fabricius, K. & P. Alderslade (2001). Soft corals and sea fans: a comprehensive guide to the tropical shallow-water genera of the Central-West Pacific, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Queensland, 262pp.

Global Biodiversity Information Facility Secretariat (2019). Trimuricea reticulata Gordon, 1926, In: GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Downloaded on 18 October 2019. https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei

Grasshoff, M. (1999). The shallow-water gorgonians of New Caledonia and adjacent islands (Coelenterata: Octocorallia). Senckenbergiana Biologica 78: 1–121.

Haas, F. & C.L. Häuser (2005). Taxonomists: An endangered species. pp. 87–89 In: Success Stories in Implementation of the Programmes of Work on Dry and Sub-Humid Lands and the Global Taxonomy Initiative, 87. Abstracts of Poster Presentations at the 11th Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Montreal: CBD Technical Series 21. 189pp.

Hortal, J., F. de Bello, J.A.F. Diniz-Filho, T.M. Lewinsohn, J.M. Lobo & R.J. Ladle (2015). Seven shortfalls that beset large-scale knowledge of biodiversity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 46: 523–549. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-112414-054400

IUCN (2019). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-2. Downloaded on 18 October 2019. https://www.iucnredlist.org/

Kumar. J.S.Y., C. Raghunathan, R. Raghuraman, C.R. Sreeraj & K. Venkataraman (2014). Handbook on Gorgonians (Octocorallia) of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 119pp.

Liu, X., L. Zhang & S. Hong (2011). Global biodiversity research during 1900–2009: a bibliometric analysis. Biodiversity and Conservation 20(4): 807–826. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-010-9981-z

Madhusudan, M.D., K. Shanker, A. Kumar, C. Mishra, A. Sinha, R. Arthur, A. Datta & M. Rangarajan (2006). Science in the wilderness: the predicament of scientific research in India’s wildlife reserves. Current Science 91(8): 1015–1019.

Maldonado, M., M. López-Acosta, L. Sánchez-Tocino, & C. Sitjà (2013). The rare, giant gorgonian Ellisella paraplexauroides: demographics and conservation concerns. Marine Ecology Progress Series 479: 127–141.

Mary, A.G. & R.D. Sluka (2014). Biodiversity and distribution of octocorals of Minicoy Atoll, Lakshadweep. Atoll Research Bulletin 602: 1–17.

McFadden, C.S, R. Haverkort-Yeh, A.M. Reynolds, A. Halà sz, A.M. Quattrini, Z.H. Forsman, Y. Benayahu & R.J. Toonen (2017). Species boundaries in the absence of morphological, ecological or geographical differentiation in the Red Sea octocoral genus Ovabunda (Alcyonacea: Xeniidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 112: 174–184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2017.04.025

Mora, C., D.P. Tittensor, S. Adl, A.G. Simpson & B. Worm (2011). How many species are there on Earth and in the ocean?. PLoS Biology 9(8): e1001127. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001127

National Biodiversity Authority (2004). The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and Biological Diversity Rules, 2004. 74pp. https://nbaindia.org/uploaded/act/BDACT_ENG.pdf

Patro, S., P. Krishnan, M. Gopi, S. Raja, C.R. Sreeraj, P. Ramachandran & R. Ramesh (2015). Snowflake coral, Carijoa riisei from Grand Island, Goa: a case of invasion of an alien species or re-establishment of a native species?. Current Science 109(6): 1028–1030.

Patwardhan, B., S. Nagarkar, S.R. Gadre, S.C. Lakhotia, V.M. Katoch & D. Moher (2018). A critical analysis of the ‘UGC-approved list of journals’. Current Science 114(6): 1299–1303. https://doi.org/10.18520/cs/v114/i06/1299-1303

Pérez, C.D., B.M. Neves, R.T. Cordeiro, G.C. Williams & S.D. Cairns (2016). Diversity and distribution of Octocorallia, pp. 109–123. In: Goffredo, S. & Z. Dubinsky (eds.). The Cnidaria, Past, Present and Future. Springer, Switzerland, 842pp.

Pillai, C.S.G. (1991). Scleractinia., pp. 41–47. In: Director Zoological Survey of India (eds.). Animal Resources of India: Protozoa to Mammalia. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkatta, 694pp.

Prathapan, K.D., R. Pethiyagoda, K.S. Bawa, P.H. Raven & P.D. Rajan (2018). When the cure kills—CBD limits biodiversity research. Science 360(6396): 1405–1406. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat9844

Raghavan, R., N. Dahanukar & S. Molur (2015). Curbing academic predators: JoTT’s policy regarding citation of publications from predatory journals. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(10): 7609–7611. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o4388.7609-11

Raghavan, R., N. Dahanukar, J.M. Knight, A. Bijukumar, U. Katwate, K. Krishnakumar, A. Ali & S. Philip (2014). Predatory journals and Indian ichthyology. Current Science 107(5): 740–742.

Raghavan, R., S. Philip, N. Dahanukar & A. Ali (2013). Freshwater biodiversity of India: a response to Sarkar et al. (2013). Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 23(4): 547–554.

Raveendran, T.V., V.L. Mol & P.S. Parameswaran (2011). Natural product antifoulants from the octocorals of Indian waters. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 65(1): 265–268. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2010.11.013

Samimi-Namin, K. & L.P. van Ofwegen (2016). A revision of Trimuricea Gordon, 1926 (Cnidaria: Octocorallia: Plexauridae) with the description of six new species. Zootaxa 4105(1): 1–44. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4105.1.1

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2011). Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity. CBD, Montreal, 25pp.

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (2014). Global Biodiversity Outlook 4, A mid-term assessment of progress towards the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. CBD, Montreal, 155pp.

Steiner, S.C., B. Riegl, A. Lavorato & J. Rodriguez (2018). Community structure of shallow water Alcyonacea (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) from the southern tropical eastern Pacific. Ecological Research 33(2): 457–469. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11284-018-1567-3

The Indian Wildlife Protection Act (1972). Schedule 1 (Sections 2, 8,9,11, 40,41, 48,51, 61 & 62). https://envfor.nic.in/legis/wildlife/wildlife2s1.pdf/

Thomas, P.A. (1996). The gorgonid resources and their conservation in India, pp. 32–40. In: Menon, N.G. & C.S.G. Pillai (eds.). Marine Diversity Conservation and Management. Central Marine Fisheries Institute, Cochin, 193pp.

Tittensor, D.P., C. Mora, W. Jetz, H.K. Lotze, D. Ricard, E.V. Berghe & B. Worm (2010). Global patterns and predictors of marine biodiversity across taxa. Nature 466: 1098–1101. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09329

Tittensor, D.P., M. Walpole, S.L. Hill, D.G. Boyce, G.L. Britten, N.D. Burgess, S.H. Butchart, P.W. Leadley, E.C. Regan, R. Alkemade & R. Baumung (2014). A mid-term analysis of progress toward international biodiversity targets. Science 346: 241–244. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1257484

Tudu, P.C., D. Ray & A. Mohapatra (2018). A checklist of Indian sea pen (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Pennatulacea). Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences 47(5): 1014–1017. https://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/44421

Venkataraman, K. & M.V.M. Wafar (2005). Coastal and marine biodiversity of India. Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences 34: 57–75. https://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1544

Venkataraman, K., R. Jeyabaskaran, K.P. Raghuram & J.R.B Alfred (2004). Bibliography and Checklist of Corals and Coral Reef Associated Organisms of India, Records of Zoological Survey of India. Occasional Paper No. 226: 1–468.

van Ofwegen, L.P. (1990). Notes on the Keroeididae (Anthozoa: Gorgonacea) collected in 1963 and 1964 by the International Indian Ocean Expedition of the R/V’Anton Bruun’, in the Indian Ocean, with the description of a new species, Lignella hartogi. Zoologische Mededelingen 63(13): 163-168. https://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/319109

Verseveldt, J. (1980). A revision of the genus Sinularia May (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea). Zoologische Verhandelingen Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden 179(1): 1–128.

Verseveldt, J. (1982). A revision of the genus Sarcophyton Lesson (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea). Zoologische Verhandelingen Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden 192(1): 1–91.

Verseveldt, J. (1983). A revision of the genus Lobophytum von Marenzeller (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea). Zoologische Verhandelingen Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden 200(1): 1­–103.

Williams, G.C. (2018). Who is doing what in octocoral research. The International Who’s Who to Contemporary Octocoral Research, Octocoral Research Center. Downloaded on 2 December 2018. https://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/izg/WhoIsDoingWhat_Final.htm/

Williams, G.C. & J.S. Vennam (2001). A revision of the Indo-West Pacific taxa of the gorgonian genus Pseudopterogorgia (Octocorallia: Gorgoniidae), with the description of a new species from western India. Bulletin of Biological Society of Washington 10: 71–95.

Wilson, E.O. (2017). Biodiversity research requires more boots on the ground. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1: 1590–1591. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-017-0360-y

WoRMS (2019). World Register of Marine Species. Downloaded on 18 October 2019; https://www.marinespecies.org at VLIZ/

Yesson, C., E. Wright & A. Braga-Henriques (2018). Population genetics of Narella versluysi (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea, Primnoidae) in the Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic). Marine Biology 165(135): 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-018-3394-z

Most read articles by the same author(s)