A checklist of the vertebrates of Kerala State, India

Main Article Content

P. O. Nameer
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7110-6740
Praveen J
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5422-2763
A. Bijukumar
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5477-2119
Muhamed Jafer Palot
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1050-6286
Sandeep Das
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1536-5793
Rajeev Raghavan
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4612-3271

Abstract

Following the first publication on vertebrates of India (Blanford 1888–1890), a huge wealth of information has been compiled on the vertebrate fauna of various biogeographic zones of the country, especially the Western Ghats.  The state of Kerala comprising of a land area of 38,863km2, 590km coastline, an intricate system of backwaters along the coast, tropical moist forests of the Western Ghats, the highly undulating terrain, and the tropical monsoon is a unique geographical and environmental entity rich in biodiversity.  A region-specific checklist that summarises and documents the current status of vertebrate diversity provides benchmark data for documentation and appreciation of biodiversity at regional level.  Further, with the current rate of global biodiversity loss and concordant conservation efforts, the taxonomic community has a greater responsibility to make scientific information available to scientists, policy makers, politicians, research students and all relevant stakeholders, an attempt that has been made in the present paper.  The State of Kerala has 1847 species of vertebrates in 330 families and 81 orders, of which 386 are endemic to the Western Ghats region (of the Western Ghats - Sri Lanka Hotspot), and 205 species as threatened. Six hundred and eighty species of vertebrates of Kerala have been listed in the various schedules of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, while 148 are listed in the different appendices of CITES. 

 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Nameer, P.O., J, P., Bijukumar, A., Palot, M.J., Das, S. and Raghavan, R. 2015. A checklist of the vertebrates of Kerala State, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 7, 13 (Nov. 2015), 7961–7970. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.1999.7.13.7961-7970.
Section
Monograph
Author Biographies

P. O. Nameer, Associate Professor (Wildlife) & Head Centre for Wildlife Studies, College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University KAU (PO), 680 656, Thrissur, Kerala, India.

P.O. Nameer is Professor and Head of Centre for Wildlife Studies, KAU. His research interest include the taxonomy, biogeography and ecology of vertebrates except fishes.

 

Praveen J, B-303, ShriramSpurthi, ITPL Main Road, Brookefields, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560037, India

Praveen J is a computer engineer by profession and a hobbyist bird-watcher. He involves in citizen science initiatives that monitor and report spatio-temporal aspects of bird distribution by bridging amateur bird-watcher networks with ecologists and wildlife biologists. He is an Associate Editor of Indian BIRDS journal and his interests include threatened and endemic birds of Western Ghats, pelagic birds of Indian seas and Indian bird rarities. 

 

A. Bijukumar, Department of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695581, India

A. Bijukumar is Associate Professor and Head of the Department of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, University of Kerala, India. His areas of specializations include biodiversity documentation and taxonomy of fish, crustacea and mollsuca.  Currently engaged in projects on biogeography and phylogeography of marine fauna of India.

 

Muhamed Jafer Palot, Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), Western Ghat Regional Centre, Jafar Khan Colony, Eranhipalam, Kozhikode, Kerala 673006, India

Muhamed Jafer Palot is Assistant Zoologist with Zoological Survey of India, Western Ghat Regional Centre, Kozhikode,Kerala, India. He works on taxonomy and ecology of butterflies, dragonflies, reptiles and birds.

 

Sandeep Das, Forest Ecology and Biodiversity Conservation Division, Kerala Forest Research Institute (KFRI), Peechi, Kerala 680653, India

Sandeep Das is presently a PhD scholar in University of Calicut, Kerala working in Kerala Forest Research Institute. His research interests are in the field of amphibian ecology especially in their breeding behaviour.

 

Rajeev Raghavan, Center for Taxonomy of Aquatic Animals, Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies (KUFOS), Kochi, Kerala 682506, India Laboratory of Systematics, Ecology and Conservation, Zoo Outreach Organization (ZOO), Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641035, India

Rajeev Raghavan is an Assistant Professor at the Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Kochi, whose research focuses on generating information and developing methods to support conservation decision-making in tropical freshwater ecosystems. He is the South Asia Co-Chair of the IUCN SSC/WI Freshwater Fish Specialist Group, Coordinator of the IUCN SSC Freshwater Fish Red List Authority and the SSC Freshwater Representative on the IUCN Red List Committee.

 

References

Ali, S. (1969). Birds of Kerala. Oxford University Press. Oxford. i–xxiii, 1–444.

Anon (2009). Serial Nomination of The Western Ghats of India: Its Natural Heritage For inscription on the World Natural Heritage List. Submitted by State Party: India. http://whc.unesco.org/uploads/nominations/1342rev.pdf. Accessed on 16 April 2015.

Anon (2013). Aichi Targets Passport.United Nations Environment Programme and Convention on Biological Diversity, 90pp. http://www.bipindicators.net/resource/aichipassport. Accessed on 16 April 2015.

Bailly, N. (2015). Tylosurus acusmelanotus (Bleeker, 1850). In: Froese, R. & D. Pauly (eds.). FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=293756 Accessed on 16 April 2015.

Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid & A.L. Gardner (eds.) (1987). Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. IV. Series: Resource publication (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service).

Biju, S.D. & F. Bossuyt (2009). Systematics and phylogeny of Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Anura, Rhacophoridae) in the Western Ghats of India, with descriptions of 12 new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society, 155: 374–444.

Collen B., F. Whitton, E.E. Dyer, J.E.M. Baillie, N. Cumberlidge, W.R.T. Darwall, C. Pollock, N.I. Richman, A.M. Soulsby & M. Bohm (2014). Global patterns of freshwater species, diversity, threat and endemism. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 40–51

Dahanukar, N., R. Raghavan, A. Ali, R. Abraham & C.P. Shaji (2011). The status and distribution of freshwater fishes of the Western Ghats. pp 21–48. In: Molur, S., K.G. Smith, B.A. Daniel & W.R.T. Darwall (compilers). The status of freshwater biodiversity in the Western Ghats. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Gland, Switzerland, & Zoo Outreach Organization (ZOO) Coimbatore, India, 116pp.

Dickinson, E.C. & J.V.J. Remsen (eds.) (2013). The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of The World: 1. Non-passerines. 4th edition. Eastbourne, U.K.: Aves Press. Vol. 1 of 2 vols. Pp. i–l, 1–461.

Dickinson, E.C. & L. Christidis (eds.) (2014). The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world: Vol. 2. Passerines. 4th ed. Eastbourne, U.K.: Aves Press. Vol. 2 of 2 vols. Pp. i-lii, 1-752, plus CD content.

Eschmeyer, W.N. & J.D. Fong (2015). Species by Family/Subfamily. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp). Electronic version accessed 04/05/2015.

Frost, D.R. (2015). Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6. 0 Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. (accessed March 27, 2015)

Gadgil, M. (2011). Report of the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel, Part I & Part II. MoEFCC. 522p.

Grimmett, R., T. Inskipp & P.O. Nameer (2007). Thekkeindiayile pakshikal [Birds of southern India]. BNHS Field Guides. 1–240. In Malayalam. A. C. Black. London

Hanel, L., J. Plistil & J. Novak (2009).Checklist of the fishes and fish-like vertebrates on the European content and adjacent seas. Bulletin Lampetra 6: 108–180.

Hoffmann, M., C. Hilton-Taylor, A. Angulo, M. Böhm, T.M. Brooks,

S.H. Butchart, K.E. Carpenter, J. Chanson, B. Collen, N.A. Cox, W.R. Darwall, N.K. Dulvy, L.R. Harrison, V. Katariya, C.M. Pollock, S. Quader, N.I. Richman, A.S. Rodrigues, M.F. Tognelli, J.C. Vié, J.M. Aguiar, D.J. Allen, G.R. Allen, G. Amori, N.B. Ananjeva, F. Andreone, P. Andrew, A.L. Aquino Ortiz, J.E. Baillie, R. Baldi, B.D. Bell, S.D. Biju, J.P. Bird, P. Black-Decima, J.J. Blanc, F. Bolaños,, G.W. Bolivar, I.J. Burfield, J.A. Burton, D.R. Capper, F. Castro, G. Catullo, R.D. Cavanagh, A. Channing, N.L. Chao, A.M. Chenery, F. Chiozza, V. Clausnitzer, N.J. Collar, L.C. Collett, B.B. Collette, C.F. Cortez Fernandez, M.T. Craig, M.J. Crosby, N.C. Cumberlidge, A. Cuttelod, A.E. Derocher, A.C. Diesmos, J.S. Donaldson, J.W. Duckworth, G. Dutson, S.K. Dutta, R.H. Emslie, A. Farjon, S. Fowler, J. Freyhof, D.L. Garshelis, J. Gerlach, D.J. Gower, T.D. Grant, G.A. Hammerson, R.B. Harris, L.R. Heaney, S.B. Hedges, J.M. Hero, B. Hughes, S.A. Hussain, M.J. Icochea, R.F. Inger, N. Ishii, D.T. Iskandar, R.K. Jenkins, Y. Kaneko, M. Kottelat, K.M. Kovacs, S.L. Kuzmin, E. La Marca, J.F. Lamoreux, M.W. Lau, E.O. Lavilla, K. Leus, R.L. Lewison, G. Lichtenstein, S.R. Livingstone, V. Lukoschek, D.P. Mallon, P.J. McGowan, A. McIvor, P.D. Moehlman, S. Molur, A. Muñoz Alonso, J.A. Musick, K. Nowell, R.A. Nussbaum, W. Olech, N.L. Orlov, T.J. Papenfuss, G. Parra-Olea, W.F. Perrin, B.A. Polidoro, M. Pourkazemi, P.A. Racey, J.S. Ragle, M. Ram, G. Rathbun, R.P. Reynolds, A.G. Rhodin, S.J. Richards, L.O. Rodríguez, S.R. Ron, C. Rondinini, A.B. Rylands, V. Sadovy de Mitcheson, J.C. Sanciangco, K.L. Sanders, G. Santos-Barrera, J. Schipper, C. Self-Sullivan C, Y. Shi, A. Shoemaker, F.T. Short, C. Sillero-Zubiri, D.L. Silvano, K.G. Smith, A.T. Smith, J. Snoeks, A.J. Stattersfield, A.J. Symes, A.B. Taber, B.K. Talukdar, H.J. Temple, R. Timmins, J.A. Tobias, K. Tsytsulina, D. Tweddle, C. Ubeda, S.V. Valenti, P.P. van Dijk, L.M. Veiga, A. Veloso, D.C. Wege, M. Wilkinson, E.A. Williamson, F. Xie, B.E. Young, H.R. Akçakaya, L. Bennun, T.M. Blackburn, L. Boitani, H.T. Dublin, G.A. da Fonseca, C. Gascon, T.E. Lacher, Jr, G.M. Mace, S.A. Mainka, J.A. McNeely, R.A. Mittermeier, G.M. Reid, J.P. Rodriguez, A.A. Rosenberg, M.J. Samways, J. Smart, B.A. Stein & S.N. Stuart (2010). The impact of conservation on the status of the World’s vertebrates. Science 330: 1503–1515

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. (2015). Raorchestes travancoricus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. . Downloaded on 06 August 2015.

Johnsingh, A.J.T. (2001). The Kalakkad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve: A global heritage of biological diversity. Current Science. 80(3):378-388.

KSCSTE (2005). State of the Environment Report of Kerala 2015. Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and Environment, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, 349pp.

Mace, G.M., N.J. Collar, K.J. Gaston, C. Hilton-Taylor, H.R. Akçakaya, N. Leader-Williams, E.J. Milner-Gulland & S.N. Stuart (2008). Quantification of extinction risk: IUCN’s system for classifying threatened species. Conservation Biology 22: 1424–144

MOEF (2007). Criteria for inclusion of fauna in the proposed schedules of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Wildlife Institute of India. 86p.

Molur, S., D. Brandon-Jones, W. Dittus, A. Eudey, A. Kumar, M. Singh, M. Feeroz, M. M. Chalise, P. Priya & S. Walker (2003). Status of South Asian Primates: Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (C.A.M.P) Workshop Report. Zoo Outreach Organization / CBSG-South Asia, Coimbatore, India, 432pp.

Molur, S., C. Srinivasulu, B. Srinivasulu, S. Walker, P.O. Nameer &

L. Ravikumar (2005). Status of South Asian Non-volant Small Mammals: Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (C.A.M.P) Workshop Report. Zoo Outreach Organization / CBSG-South Asia, Coimbatore, India, 618pp.

Nameer, P.O. (2000). Checklist of Indian Mammals. Kerala State Forest Department and Kerala Agricultural University, 90pp+xxv.

Neelakantan, K.K. (1984). Keralathile Pakshikal - 2nd Edition. Kerala Sahitya Academy, Trichur

Palot, M.J. & C. Radhakrishnan (2003). Checklist of snakes of Kerala with their Malayalam vernacular names. Reptile Rap. 5: 3–6.

Prater, S.H. (1971). The Book of Indian Animals. 3rd Edition. 12th Reprint 2005. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, 324pp.

Radhakrishnan, C. (1997). Reptiles. In: Natural Resources of Kerala. (Eds.) WWF- India, Kerala Chapter, Thiruvananthapuram.

Sashikumar, C., J. Praveen, M.J. Palot & P.O. Nameer (2011). Birds of Kerala: Status and Distribution. DC Books. Kottayam, Kerala, 835pp.

Sasidharan, N. (2000). Forest Trees of Kerala. Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi.

Srinivsaulu, C., B. Srinivasulu & S. Molur (2014). The Status and

Distribution of Reptiles in the Western Ghats, India. Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (CAMP). Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, 148pp.

Uetz, P. & J. Hosek (eds.). (2014). The Reptile Database. http://www.Reptiledatabase.org. accessed on 30th Sept. 2014.

WGEEP (2011). Report of the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel. Part I. Submitted to the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, 150pp.

Wilson, D.E. & R.A., Mittermeier (eds.). (2009). Handbook of Mammals of the World - Vol. I. Carnivores. Lynx Edicions. Barcelona, 727pp.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 > >>