An inventory of geometrid moths (Lepidoptera: Geometroidea: Geometridae) of Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, India

Main Article Content

Geetha Iyer
Dieter Stüning
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1748-4510
Sanjay Sondhi

Abstract

The geometrid moths of Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger reserve were studied during the years 2012 to 2016. Since collection of specimens was not permitted, only field notes, accompanied by photo documentation was undertaken. Two-hundred-and-sixty geometrid moths identified to various hierarchical levels of taxa and one new genus for southern India, are reported.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Iyer, G., Stüning, D. and Sondhi, S. 2021. An inventory of geometrid moths (Lepidoptera: Geometroidea: Geometridae) of Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 13, 13 (Nov. 2021), 19887–19920. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.7105.13.13.19887-19920.
Section
Articles

References

Anonymous 2021 - http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/environment/ecological-sciences/biosphere-reserves/asia-and-the-pacific/india/agasthyamala/ Last accessed 13 August 2021

Ban, X., N. Jiang, R. Cheng, D. Xue & H. Han (2018). Tribal classification and phylogeny of Geometrinae (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) inferred from seven gene regions. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 184(3): 653–672. https://doi.org/10.1093/zoolinnean/zly013

Barlow, H.S. (1982). An introduction to the moths of S.E. Asia. Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur, 305 pp., 51 pls.

Beccaloni, G., M. Scoble, I. Kitching, T. Simonsen, G. Robinson, B. Pitkin, A. Hine & C. Lyal (Editors) (2003). The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (LepIndex). Last accessed 13 August 2021. https://www.nhm.ac.uk/our-science/data/lepindex/lepindex/

Beljaev, E.A. (2007). Taxonomic changes in the emerald moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae, Geometrinae) of East Asia, with notes on the systematics and phylogeny of Hemitheini. Zootaxa 1584: 55–68.

Brechlin, R. (1998). Sechs neue indoaustralische Schwärmerarten (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo, Frankfurt am Main, N.F. 19(1): 23–42.

Brechlin, R. (2000). Zwei neue Arten der Gattung Loepa Moore, 1859 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo, Frankfurt am Main, N.F. 21(3): 165–­­170.

Butler, A.G. (1881). Descriptions of new Genera and Species of Heterocerous Lepidoptera from Japan. The Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1881: 1–25.

Butler, A.G. (1886). Illustrations of typical specimens of Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI, London, 89 pp., 19 pls.

Butler, A.G. (1889). Illustrations of typical specimens of Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of the British Museum. Part VII, London, 176 pp., 18 pls.

Choi, S.W. & S.S. Kim (2013). Six new records of Idaea Treitschke (Lepidoptera: Geometridae, Sterrhinae) from Korea. Entomological Research 43: 27–33.

Choi, S.W. (2012). Taxonomic review of the genus Asthena Hübner (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) in Korea. Entomological Research 42: 151–157. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5967.2012.00450.x

Cotes, E.C. & C. Swinhoe (1887). A Catalogue of Moths of India. Pt. 1-Sphinges. The Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, 40 pp.

Cui, L., D. Xue & N. Jiang (2019). A review of Organopoda Hampson, 1893 (Lepidoptera, Geometridae) from China, with description of three new species. Zootaxa 4651(3): 434–444. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4651.3.2

Cui, L., D. Xue, N. Jiang (2019). A review of Timandra Duponchel, 1829 from China, with description of seven new species (Lepidoptera, Geometridae). ZooKeys 829: 43–74. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.829.29708

Dey, P., V.P. Uniyal, A. Hausmann & D. Stüning (2021). Revision of the genus Prometopidia Hampson, 1902, with description of the new species P. joshimathensis sp. nov. from West-Himalaya and its subspecies P. j. yazakii ssp. nov. from Nepal (Lepidoptera: Geometridae, Ennominae). Zootaxa 4980(1): 28–44.

Elanchezhian, M., C. Gunasekaran & A.A. Deepa (2014). A study on moth diversity in three different habitats of Maruthamalai Hill, Western Ghats, South India. Global Journal for Research Analysis 3(12): 136–138.

Fletcher, D.S. (1953). A revision of the genus Carecomotis (Lep. Geometridae), Annals and Magazine of Natural History: Series XII(6): 100–142. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222935308654403

Forum Herbulot (2003): The Forum Herbulot world list of family group names in Geometridae, <http://www.herbulot.de>, 11 pp., with updated version of 12.vi.2007 (A. Hausmann ed.). Last accessed on 13 August 2021.

Govt. of Tamilnadu, Forest department (2009). Monitoring Primates - A guide for Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, https://www.forests.tn.gov.in/pages/view/kalakad_mundanthurai_tr. Last accessed on 13 August 2021.

Goyal, T. (2010). Taxonomic studies on family Geometridae (Lepidoptera) from Western Ghats of India, PhD thesis. Department of Zoology, Punjab Univeristy, 279 pp., 101 pls. Last accessed on 17 November 2020. http://hdl.handle.net/10603/2894

Goyal, T., J.S. Kirti & A. Saxena (2018). Taxonomy of Genus Agathia Guenée (Lepidoptera: Geometridae), with description of a new species from Western Ghats, India. Indian Journal of Entomology 80(3): 951–959. https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-8172.2018.00144.X

Hampson, G.F. (1891). Illustrations of typical specimens of Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of the British Museum. Part VIII, Taylor & Francis, London, 144 pp., 18 pls.

Hampson, G.F. (1893). Illustrations of typical specimens of Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of the British Museum. Part IX, Taylor & Francis, London, 182 pp., 21 pls.

Hampson, G.F. (1895). The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma, Moths- Vol. 3. Taylor and Francis, London, 588 pp.

Hampson, G.F. (1896). The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma, Moths- Vol. 4. Taylor and Francis, London, 632 pp.

Hampson, G.F. (1907). The Moths of India. Supplementary paper to the Volumes in “The Fauna of British India”, Series III, Part IX. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 18: 27–53.

Hampson, G.F. (1912). The Moths of India. Supplementary paper to the Volumes in “The Fauna of British India”. Series IV, Part IV. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 21(4): 1222–1272.

Han, H. & D. Xue (2011). Thalassodes and related taxa of emerald moths in China (Geometridae, Geometrinae). Zootaxa 3019: 26–50.

Han, H., A.C. Galsworthy & D. Xue (2009). A survey of the genus Geometra Linnaeus (Lepidoptera, Geometridae, Geometrinae). Journal of Natural History 43 (13–14): 885–922. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222930802702472

Han, H., A.C. Galsworthy & D. Xue (2012). The Comibaenini of China (Geometridae: Geometrinae), with a review of the tribe. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 165: 723–772.

Holloway, J.D. (1993[4]). The moths of Borneo (Part 11); Family Geometridae: Subfamily Ennominae. Malayan Nature Journal 47: 1–309.

Holloway, J.D. (1996). The moths of Borneo (Part 9); Family Geometridae: Subfamilies Oenochrominae, Desmobathrinae, Geometrinae. Malayan Nature Journal 49: 147–326.

Holloway, J.D. (1997). The moths of Borneo (Part 10); Subfamilies Sterrhinae, Larentiinae. Malayan Nature Journal 51: 1–242.

Inoue, H. (1953). Notes on some Japanese Larentiinae and Geometrinae (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). Tinea 1: 1–18.

Inoue, H. (1964). Some new subspecies of the Geometridae from the Ryukyu Archipelago and Formosa (Lepidoptera). Kontyû 32(2): 335–340.

Inoue, H. (1993). Redescription of Ourapteryx peermaadiata Thierry-Mieg from South India (Lepidoptera: Geometridae, Ennominae). Lepidoptera Science 44(3): 117–119. https://doi.org/10.18984/lepid.44.3_117

Kendrick, R.C. (2002). Moths (Insecta: Lepidoptera) of Hong Kong. PhD Thesis. Department of Ecology and Biodiversity, Hong Kong, University of Hong Kong. 623 pp., 9 pls. http://hdl.handle.net/10722/31688. Last accessed on 4 December 2020.

Kendrick, R.C. (2015). Polymorphism and populations: Cleora injectaria (Walker, 1860) (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) at Mai Po Nature Reserve, Hong Kong. Porcupine! 35: 8–10.

Kirti, J.S. & T. Goyal (2011). A new species of Plutodes Guenée (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Ennominae) from Western Ghats of India. Journal of Applied Biosciences 37(1): 68–70.

Krüger, M. (2001). A revision of the tribe Macariini (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Ennominae) of Africa, Madagascar and Arabia. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, London (Entomology Series) 70(1): 1–502.

Mathew, G. & V.K. Rahamathulla (1995). Biodiversity in the Western Ghats – A study with reference to moths (Lepidoptera: Heterocera) in the Silent Valley National Park, India. Entomon 20(2): 25–33.

Moore, F. (1867). On the Lepidopterous Insects of Bengal, Part III. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867: 612–686.

Moore, F. (1879). Descriptions of New Indian Lepidopterous Insects from the collection of W. Atkinson. Heterocera, The Asiatic Society of Bengal. Calcutta, 350 pp., 8 pls.

Moore, F. (1884–7). The Lepidoptera of Ceylon. Volume 3. L. Reeve & Co., London, 600 pp., 72 pls.

Murillo-Ramos, L., G. Brehm, P. Sihvonen, A. Hausmann, S. Holm, H.R. Ghanavi, E. Õunap, A. Truuverk, H. Staude, E. Friedrich, T. Tammaru & N. Wahlberg (2019). A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of Geometridae (Lepidoptera) with a focus on enigmatic small subfamilies. PeerJ 7: e7386. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7386

Õunap, E., J. Viidalepp & A. Truuverk (2016). Phylogeny of the subfamily Larentiinae (Lepidoptera: Geometridae): integrating molecular data and traditional classifications. Systematic Entomology 21(4): 824–843. https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12195

Plotkin, D. & A.Y. Kawahara (2020). Review of recent taxonomic changes to the emerald moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Geometrinae). Biodiversity Data Journal 8: e52190. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e52190

Prout, L.B. (1912). Lepidoptera, Heterocera. Family Geometridae, Subfamily Hemitheinae. Genera Insecta 129: 274 pp.

Prout, L.B. (1917). On new and insufficiently known Indo-Australian Geometridae. Novitates zoologicae 24: 293–317.

Prout, L.B. (1920–1941). The Indo Australian Geometridae. In: Seitz, A. (Ed.). The Macrolepidoptera of the World. Vol 12, Stuttgart Verlag des Seitz’schen Werkes (Alfred Kernen), 356 pp. 50 pls.

Prout, L.B. (1925). Geometrid descriptions and notes. Novitates Zoologicae 32: 31–69.

Prout, L.B. (1929). New species and sub-species of Geometridae. Novitates Zoologicae 35: 63–77.

Prout, L.B. (1929). On the Geometrid Genus Catoria Moore. Novitates Zoologicae 35: 132–141.

Prout, L. B. 1933. The Indoaustralian Geometridae, pp. 77–116. In: Seitz, A. (ed.) 1920-1934. The Macrolepidoptera of the World. Volume 12: 1-292.

Prout, L.B. (1934). Geometridae: Subfamilia Sterrhinae. Lepidop-terorum Catalogus, part LXI: 1–180, W. Junk, Berlin.

Sato, R. (1987). Taxonomic notes on Menophra delineata (Walker) (Geometridae: Ennominae) and its allies from Indo-Malayan region. Tinea 12 Supplement: 249–258.

Sato, R. (2004). Taxonomic notes on Racotis boarmiaria (Guenée) (Geometridae, Ennominae) and its allies from the Indo-Malayan region, with description of four new species. Tinea 18(2): 130–139.

Sato, R. (2014). Six new species of the genus Ophthalmitis (Geometridae, Ennominae) from Southeast Asia and South India, with taxonomic notes on the related species. Tinea 22(5): 318–330.

Sato, R. (2016). Five new species of the genera Hypomecis Hübner, Ophthalmitis Fletcher and Phthonosema Warren (Geometridae; Ennominae) from the Indo-Malayan region. Tinea 23(5): 241–248.

Schintlmeister, A. (2003). Die Gattung Stauropus Germar, 1812 (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo, Frankfurt/Main, N.F. 24(3): 97–118.

Scoble, J.M. & M. Krüger (2004). A review of the genera of Macariini with a revised classification of the tribe (Geometridae: Ennominae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 134: 257–315.

Scoble, M.J. (1999). Geometrid Moths of the World - A Catalogue (Lepidoptera: Geometridae), Vol. 1 & 2, pp. 5–482 & 485–1016. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.

Scoble, M.J. & A. Hausmann [updated 2007]. Online list of valid and available names of the Geometridae of the World. Last accessed on 10 Jan 2021. http://www.herbulot.de/globalspecieslist.htm

Sihvonen, P. (2005). Phylogeny and classification of the Scopulini moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae, Sterrhinae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 143: 473–530.

Sihvonen, P., L.S. Murillo-Ramos, G. Brehm, H. Staude & N. Wahlberg (2020). Molecular phylogeny of Sterrhinae moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae): towards a global classification. Systematic Entomology 45: 606–634.

Sondhi, S., D. Nath, Y. Sondhi & K. Kunte (2020). A new species of Metallolophia Warren, 1895 (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Geometrinae) and notes on M. opalina (Warren, 1893) from eastern Himalaya, India. Zootaxa 4838(2): 289–297.

Sondhi, Y., S. Sondhi, S.R. Pathour & K. Kunte (2018). Moth diversity (Lepidoptera: Heterocera) of Shendurney and Ponmudi in Agastyamalai Biosphere Reserve, Kerala, India, with notes on new records. Tropical Lepidoptera Research 28(2): 66–89. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2027709

Sondhi, S., Y. Sondhi, P. Roy & K. Kunte (Chief Editors) (2021). Moths of India, v. 2.63. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.

Stüning, D. & V.K. Walia (2009). The genus Astygisa Walker, 1864 in India, with description of a new species from western Himalaya (Lepidoptera: Geometridae, Ennominae). Tinea 21(1): 9–22.

Swinhoe, C. (1890). New species of moths from Southern India. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1891(1): 133–154, pl.8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1891.tb01644.x

Thierry-Mieg, P. (1903). Descriptions de Lepidopteres Nocturnes. Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 47: 382–385.

Viidalepp, J. (2011). A morphological review of tribes in Larentiinae (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). Zootaxa 3136(1): 1–44. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3136.1.1

Walker, F. (1860). List of the specimens of Lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum, London. Part XX: 1–276.

Walker, F. (1860). List of the specimens of Lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum, London, Part XXI: 1–373.

Walker, F. (1861). List of the specimens of Lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum, London. Part XXII–XXV: 1–826.

Walker, F. (1862). List of the specimens of Lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum, London. Part XXV–XXVI: 1–538.

Warren, W. (1894). New Genera and Species of Geometridae. Novitates Zoologicae, 1: 366–534.

Warren, W. (1896). New Species of Drepanidae, Thyrididae, Uraniidae, Epiplemidae, and Geometridae in the Tring Museum. Novitates Zoologicae 3: 335–420.

Warren, W. (1897). New Genera and Species of Geometridae. Novitates Zoologicae 4: 12–179 & 195–306.

Xue, D., L. Cui & N. Jiang (2018). A review of Problepsis Lederer, 1853 (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) from China, with description of two new species. Zootaxa 4392(1): 101–127. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4392.1.5

Xue, D., X. Wang & H. Han (2009). A revision of Episothalma Swinhoe, 1893, with descriptions of two new species and one new genus (Lepidoptera, Geometridae, Geometrinae). Zootaxa 2033: 12–25.

Yakovlev, R.V. (2009). New taxa of African and Asian Cossidae (Lepidoptera). Euroasian Entomological Journal 8(3): 353–361.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>