A report on some butterflies (Lepidoptera) from Ladakh in Jammu & Kashmir and Lahaul in Himachal Pradesh, India

Main Article Content

Sanjay Sondhi
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3970-6858
Balakrishnan Valappil
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8243-5320
Yash Sondhi
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7704-3944
Anchal Sondhi
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6169-1712

Abstract

Forty-two (42) species of butterflies were recorded from a short survey of Ladakh and Lahaul in the inner Himalaya in Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.  Here, we provide location and altitude records for these species, data on their abundance, photo-documentation of the life cycle of Pieris deota and P. brassicae as well as the first published record of a larval host plant for P. deota.  Twelve (12) of these species are protected under Schedule II of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Sondhi, S., Valappil, B., Sondhi, Y. and Sondhi, A. 2017. A report on some butterflies (Lepidoptera) from Ladakh in Jammu & Kashmir and Lahaul in Himachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 9, 3 (Mar. 2017), 9971–9987. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3024.9.3.9971-9987.
Section
Short Communications
Author Biography

Sanjay Sondhi, Titli Trust, 49 Rajpur Road Enclave, Dhoran Khas, near IT Park, P.O. Gujrada, Dehradun, Uttarakhand 248001, India

Trustee, Titli Trust

References

Bingham, C.T. (1905–07). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma (Butterflies), Vol. 1 & II. Taylor and Francis, London.

Cantlie, K., (1963). The Lycaenidae portion (except the Arhopala group) of Brigadier Evans’ The Identification of Indian Butterflies 1932 (India, Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma). Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, vi+156pp.

Churkin, S.V. & V.A. Pletnev (2010). A review of the Satyrium (Superflua) sassanides (Kollar, 1849) species group from “Russian†Central Asia

(Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Atalanta 41(1/2): 207–220.

Evans, W.H. (1927). The Identification of Indian Butterflies. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, x+302pp+32pl.

Evans, W.H. (1932). The Identification of Indian Butterflies. 2nd Revised Edition. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, x+454pp+32pl.

Flowers of India - website http://www.flowersofindia.net (accessed in August 2016).

Kehimkar, I. (2008). The Book of the Indian Butterflies. Bombay Natural History Society and Oxford University Press, Oxford, xvi+497 pp.

Kinyon, S. (2004). Illustrated Checklist for the Butterflies of Myanmar.Smithsonian Institution.

Kunte, K., P. Roy, S. Kalesh & U. Kodandaramaiah (eds.) (2016). Butterflies of India. v. 2.23. Indian Foundation for Butterflies, Bangalore. Available from http://ifoundbutterflies.org/ (Accessed July 2016).

Lang, A.M. (1868). Notes on Lepidoptera from Goolmurg in Cashmere. Entomological Monthly Magazine 5: 33–37.

Home, W.M.L. (1938). Some notes on butterflies and big game in Kashmir. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 40(1): 49–55, 2pls.

Mani, M.S. & S. Singh (1962). Entomological Survey of the Himalaya. Part xxvi. A contribution to our knowledge of the geography of high altitude insects of the nival zones from the North-West Himalaya - Part 3. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 59(1): 77–99. [Lepidoptera pp. 87–99].

Marshall, G.F.L. & L. de Nicéville (1882–90). The Butterflies of India, Burmah and Ceylon. Vol. I–III. The Calcutta Central Press Co., Calcutta.

Khan, H.A. & H. Hanif (2016). Butterflies species and Habitat of Tehsil Choa Saiydan Shah Punjab Pakistan. International Journal of Entomology Research 1(1): 27–30.

Mani, M.S. (1986). Butterflies of the Himalaya. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., 181pp+25pls.

Moore, F. (1865). List of diurnal Lepidoptera collected by Capt. A. M. Lang in the N. W. Himalaya. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 486–509+2pls.

Moore, F. (1874). A list of diurnal Lepidoptera collected in Cashmere territory. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 263–274+1pl.

Polunin, P. & A. Stainton (1984). Flowers of the Himalaya. Oxford University Press, 580pp+128pls.

Robinson, G.S., P.R. Ackery, I.J. Kitching, G.W. Beccaloni & L.M. Hernández (2010). HOSTS - A Database of the World’s Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts. (Accessed August 2016).

Savela, M. (2016). http://ftp.funet.fi/index/Tree_of_life/insecta/lepidoptera/ (accessed July 2016).

Sidhu, A.K., K. Chandra & J. Palot (2012). Observations on the status and diversity of butterflies In the fragile ecosystem of Ladakh (J & K). Records of Zoological Survey of India 112(part-3): 101–112.

Sidhu, A.K. (2013). Faunal Diversity of Pangi Valley, Chamba District, (Himachal Pradesh), Himalayan Ecosystem Series (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) - 3. Zoological Survey India, Kolkata, 41–70pp.

Smith, C. (1994). Butterflies of Nepal. Revised Edition. Tecpress Service L.P., Bangkok, Thailand, 368pp.

Smith, C. (2006). Illustrated Checklist of Nepal’s Butterflies. New Revised and Updated Edition. Walden Book House, Kathmandu, Nepal, 129pp.

Stainton, A. (1988). Flowers of the Himalaya a supplement. Oxford University Press, 86pp+128pls.

Swinhoe, C. (1912–13). Lepidoptera Indica. Vol. X. Rhopalocera. Family Hesperiidae. Reeve & Co, London, 361pp+78pls.

Talbot, G. (1939). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylone and Burma: Butterflies. Vol. 1. Taylor and Francis, London, xxx+600pp+3pl.

Talbot, G. (1947). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylone and Burma: Butterflies. Vol. 2. Taylor and Francis, London, xvi+506pp+2pl.

Tshikolovets, V.V. (2005). The Butterflies of Ladak (N. W. India). Published by Vadim V. Tshikolovets, Pardubice, Czech Republic, 176pp+30pl.

Tytler, H.C. (1926). Notes on some new and interesting butterflies from India and Burma, Part I. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 31: 248–260.

van Gasse, P. (2013). Butterflies of India-Annotated Checklist (Accessed at http://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/images/PaulVanGasse/Butterflies_of%20_India-Annotated_checklist-1.pdf in July 2016).

Watanabe, Y. (eds.). (1998). Wallace Vol.4 No.1. Musashino-Insectarium, Oita. Incomplete reference

Wynter-Blyth, M.A. (1957). Butterflies of The Indian Region. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, xx+523pp+72pl.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>