Main Article Content
A new species of shieldtail snake, Uropeltis jerdoni, is here described based on eight specimens from Devarayana Durga and Nandi Durga that are under-researched hills near Bengaluru in southern India. The new species is a member of the Uropeltis ceylanica group that can be distinguished from related taxa as follows: a truncate and flattened caudal shield with a circumscribed concave disc; part of rostral visible from above subequal to its distance from frontal; rostral partially separating nasal scales; 17: 17: 17 dorsal scale rows; 140–148 ventral scales; 7–9 pairs of subcaudals; dark blackish-grey above, powdered with minute yellow specks, yellow lateral stripes on neck and tail; ventrolateral region with yellow mottling; venter black. This new species is currently known only from two ranges Devarayana Durga and Nandi Durga but judging by the presence of similar, adjacent massifs, is hypothesized to be present in nearby hillocks surrounding Bengaluru City.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27184.108.40.20653-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Agarwal, I., V.B. Giri & A.M. Bauer (2011). A new cryptic rock-dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from south India. Zootaxa 2765: 21–37.
Agarwal, I. (2016). Two new species of ground-dwelling Cyrtodactylus (Geckoella) from the Mysore Plateau, south India. Zootaxa 4193(2): 228–244. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4193.2.2
Agarwal, I., A. Khandekar, V.B. Giri & U. Ramakrishnan (2019). The hills are alive with geckos! A radiation of a dozen species on sky islands across peninsular India (Squamata: Gekkonidae, Hemiphyllodactylus) with the description of three new species. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 19: 341–361. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13127-019-00392-5
Beddome, R.H. (1863). Further notes upon the snakes of the Madras Presidency; with descriptions of new species. Madras Quarterly Journal of medical Science 6: 41–48.
Beddome, R.H. (1886). An account of the earth-snakes of the peninsula of India and Ceylon. Annals and Magazines of Natural History 17(5): 3–33.
Bhaskar, V. & C.G. Kushalappa (1995). Dendroflora of Tumkur District, Karnataka. Myforest 31: 41–50.
Boraiah, G. & T. Fathima (1970). Some aspects of vegetation at Nandi hills. Research Publication Series, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore 7: 22pp.
Cyriac, V.P. & U. Kodandaramaiah (2017). Paleoclimate determines diversification patterns in the fossorial snake family Uropeltidae Cuvier, 1829. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 116: 97–107.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2017.08.017
Ganesh, S.R., R. Aengals & E. Ramanujam (2014). Taxonomic reassessment of two Indian shieldtail snakes in the Uropeltis ceylanicus species group (Reptilia: Uropeltidae). Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(1): 5305–5314. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3636.5305-14
Ganesh, S.R. (2015). Shieldtail snakes (Reptilia: Uropeltidae) – the Darwin’s finches of south Indian snake fauna? pp: 13-24, In: Kannan, P. (Ed.) Manual on identification and preparation of keys of snakes with special reference to their venomous nature in India. Proceedings by Govt. Arts College, Udhagamandalam, Tamilnadu, India, 42pp.
Ganesh, S.R. & N.S. Achyuthan (2020). A new species of shieldtail snake (Reptilia: Squamata: Uropeltidae) from Kolli Hill complex, southern Eastern Ghats, peninsular India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 12(4): 15436–15442. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.56220.127.116.1136-15442
Ganesh, S.R., K. Deuti, K.G. Punith, N.S. Achyuthan, A.K. Mallik, O. Adhikari & G. Vogel (2020). A new species of Lycodon (Serpentes: Colubridae) from the Deccan Plateau of India, with notes on the range of Lycodon travancoricus (Beddome, 1870) and a revised key to peninsular Indian forms. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 14(3): 74–83.
Gower, D.J. & J.D. Ablett (2006). Counting ventral scales in Asian anilioid snakes. The Herpetological Journal 16: 259–263.
Gower, D.J., A. Captain & S.S. Thakur (2008). On the taxonomic status of Uropeltis bicatenata (Günther) (Reptilia: Serpentes: Uropeltidae). Hamadryad 33(1): 64–82.
Jerdon, T.C. (1853). Catalogue of reptiles inhabiting the peninsula of India. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 22: 462–479.
Jins, V.J., F.L. Sampaio & D.J. Gower (2018). A new species of Uropeltis Cuvier, 1829 (Serpentes: Uropeltidae) from the Anaikatty Hills of the Western Ghats of India. Zootaxa 4415(3): 401–422. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4415.3.1
Mirza, Z.A., G.G. Gowande, R. Patil, M. Ambekar & H. Patel (2018). First appearance deceives many: disentangling the Hemidactylus triedrus species complex using an integrated approach. PeerJ 6:e5341. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5341
Pyron R.A., S.R. Ganesh, A. Sayyed, V. Sharma, V. Wallach & R. Somaweera (2016). A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). Zoosystema 38(4): 453–506. https://doi.org/10.5252/z2016n4a2
Rajendran, M.V. (1985). Studies in Uropeltid snakes. Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India, 132pp.
Smith, M.A. (1943). Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Vol–III Serpentes. Taylor & Francis, London, 583pp.
Socolar, J.B., J.J Gilroy, W.E. Kunin & D.P. Edwards (2016). How should beta-diversity inform biodiversity conservation? Trends in Ecology & Evolution 31(1): 67–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2015.11.005
Wallach, V., K.L. Williams & J. Boundy (2014). Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. CRC Press, 1,237pp.
Whitaker, R. & A. Captain (2004). Snakes of India – The Field Guide. Draco Books, Chengelpet, South India, 481pp.