Mugger Crocodile Crocodylus palustris Lesson, 1831 (Reptilia: Crocodilia: Crocodylidae) in river Saberi of Godavari system in southern Odisha, India: conservation implications

Main Article Content

Subrat Debata
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8296-1734
Swetashree Purohit
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2738-0782
Anirban Mahata
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7874-2723
Sudheer Kumar Jena
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8035-1139
Sharat Kumar Palita

Abstract

A biodiversity survey was conducted in Koraput District of southern Odisha between August 2014 and July 2017.  During the survey, occurrence of Mugger or Marsh Crocodile Crocodylus palustris was ascertained from five localities in a stretch of 23km of river Saberi, a tributary of the Godavari River system.  The area is in the Gupteswar proposed reserve forest of Odisha, and forms a boundary with Kanger Ghat National Park of Chhattisgarh State.  The geographic region offers possible scope for long term ecological monitoring jointly by wildlife organizations of Odisha and Chhattisgarh in collaboration with Central University of Orissa.  For long-term conservation of the species, activities may be initiated with annual monitoring of crocodile populations involving local people, and creating awareness about the Schedule-I status of crocodiles under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Debata, S., Purohit, S., Mahata, A., Jena, S.K. and Palita, S.K. 2018. Mugger Crocodile Crocodylus palustris Lesson, 1831 (Reptilia: Crocodilia: Crocodylidae) in river Saberi of Godavari system in southern Odisha, India: conservation implications. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 10, 6 (May 2018), 11770–11774. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3974.10.6.11770-11774.
Section
Short Communications
Author Biographies

Subrat Debata, Central University of Orissa Koraput-764021, Odisha, India

Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Biodiversity and Conservation of Natural Resources
Central University of Orissa
Koraput-764021, Odisha, India

Swetashree Purohit, Central University of Orissa Koraput-764021, Odisha, India

Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Biodiversity and Conservation of Natural Resources
Central University of Orissa
Koraput-764021, Odisha, India

Anirban Mahata, Central University of Orissa Koraput-764021, Odisha, India

Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Biodiversity and Conservation of Natural Resources
Central University of Orissa
Koraput-764021, Odisha, India

Sudheer Kumar Jena, Central University of Orissa Koraput-764021, Odisha, India

M.Phil. Scholar, Department of Biodiversity and Conservation of Natural Resources
Central University of Orissa
Koraput-764021, Odisha, India

Sharat Kumar Palita, Central University of Orissa Koraput-764021, Odisha, India

Professor and Head, Department of Biodiversity and Conservation of Natural Resources
Central University of Orissa
Koraput-764021, Odisha, India

References

Anonymous (2016). Water Quality of Major Rivers of Odisha. State Pollution Control Board, Government of Odisha, Bhubaneswar, 272pp.

Bhatt, H.P., T.B. Saund & J.B. Thapa (2012). Status and threats to Mugger crocodile Crocodylus palustris Lesson, 1831 at Rani Tal, Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Nepal Journal of Science and Technology 13(1): 125–131; http://doi.org/10.3126/njst.v13i1.7451

Champion, H.G. & S.K. Seth (1968). The Forest Types of India. Government of India Press, Nasik, India, 404pp.

Choudhury, B.C. & A. de Silva (2013). Crocodylus palustris. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T5667A3046723. Downloaded on 17 December 2017; http://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.20132.RLTS.T5667A3046723.en

CITES (2017). Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Appendices I, II and III. http://checklist.cites.org. Downloaded on 15 September 2017.

Daniel, J.C. (2002). The book of Indian Reptiles and Amphibians. Oxford University Press, Mumbai, 238pp.

Debata, S. & S.K. Palita (2017). Distribution, population status, and threats of nationally threatened Cantor’s Leaf-nosed Bat Hipposideros galeritus Cantor, 1846 in eastern India. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity 10: 426–430;

http://doi.org/10.1016/j.japb.2017.05.003

Debata, S., H.S. Palei, P.P. Mohapatra & S.K. Palita (2015). Additional records of Cantor’s Leaf-Nosed Bat Hipposideros galeritus Cantor, 1846 (Mammalia: Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) in eastern India: Odisha. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(8): 7477–7479; http://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o4247.7477-9

Dutta, S.K., M.V. Nair, P.P. Mohapatra & A.K. Mohapatra (2009). Amphibians and reptiles of Similipal Biosphere Reserve. Regional Plant Resource Centre, Bhubaneswar, 174pp.

IUCN/SSC (2008). Strategic Planning for Species Conservation: A Handbook. Version 1.0. IUCN Species Survival Commission, Switzerland, 104pp.

Odisha Wildlife Organisation (2017). Wildlife Census. https://www.wildlife.odisha.gov.in/WebPortal/WildlifeCensus.aspx. Downloaded on 17 December 2017.

Palita, S.K., K. Patra & D. Panda (2016). Plants used in ethnomedicine by Paraja tribes of Koraput District, Odisha, India. Adivasi 56(1): 17–25.

Purohit, S., M.V. Nair & S.K. Palita (2017). On the occurrence of Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes Dumont, 1820 (Aves: Falconiformes: Accipitridae) in the Gupteswar forests of the Eastern Ghats, Odisha, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(11): 10964–10967; http://doi.org/10.11609/jot.2761.9.11.10964-10967

Ranjitsinh, M.K. & L.A.K. Singh (2002). The Gharial Gavialis gangeticus in Indravati River? Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99(2): 330.

Rao, R. J. (1999). Status and Conservation of Crocodiles in Madhya Pradesh: An Update. ENVIS (Wildlife and Protected Areas, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun.

Sagar, S.R. & L.A.K. Singh (1993). Captive Breeding and rehabilitation of Mugger crocodile (Crocodylus palustris) in Similipal Tiger Reserve, Orissa, India. Indian Forester 119(10): 807–815.

Santiapillai, C. & M. de Silva (2001). Status, distribution and conservation of crocodiles in Sri Lanka. Biological Conservation 97: 305–318; http://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(00)00126-9

Sharma, R.K. & L.A.K. Singh (2018). Spatial and temporal patterns of stork sightings (Aves: Ciconiidae) in National Chambal Sanctuary of Gangetic River system. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(3): 11410–11415; http://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3817.10.3.11410-11415

Singh, L.A.K. (1984). Crocodiles: Status and Management, pp. 261–275. In: Majupuria, T.C. (ed.). Wildlife Wealth of India. Tecpress Service, Bangkok.

Singh, L.A.K. & H.R. Bustard (1982). Geographical distribution of the Gharial Gavialis gangeticus (Gmelin) in Orissa, India. British Journal of Herpetology 6: 259–260.

Singh, L.A.K. (1999). Status of Gharial and Mugger in Orissa. ENVIS (Wildlife and Protected Areas) 2(1): 17–23.

Singh, L.A.K. (2000). Interpreting visual signs of the Indian crocodile. Crocodile Specialist Group Newsletter 19(1): 7–9.

Srinivas, B., K.V. Prasad & B.C. Choudhury (1999). Status of crocodiles in Andhra Pradesh. In: Choudhury, B.C. (ed.). Indian Crocodilians. Envis, Wildlife & Protected Areas 2(1): 33–37.

Vyas, R. (2012). Current status of Marsh Crocodiles Crocodylus palustris (Reptilia: Crocodylidae) in Vishwamitri River, Vadodara city, Gujarat, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(14): 3333–3341; http://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2977.3333-41

Vyas, R. (2017). Emergence of a new potential threat to the Mugger (Crocodylus palustris) population of Gujarat state, India. Crocodile Specialist Group Newsletter 36(4): 16–17.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>