Main Article Content
A study was conducted to evaluate amphibian diversity in selected agroecosystems of central Kerala within the southern Western Ghats of India, from January to May 2017.Â A total of 10 anurans were recorded from cashew plantation, coconut plantation, homegarden and rubber plantation using a combination of quadrat sampling and visual encounter survey.Â We recorded three species endemic to the Western Ghats: Minervarya keralensis, Pseudophilautus wynaadensis and Indosylvirana urbis from these agroecosystems.Â Pseudophilautus wynaadensis is a threatened species with Endangered status as per the IUCN Red List.Â The present study shows a strong relationship between the types of agroecosystems and abundance of different amphibian species.Â This study highlights the potential of agroecosystems within and adjacent to the Western Ghats mountains to act as important abodes to conserve generalist species of amphibians and to provide a suitable habitat for threatened and endemic species.Â
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27188.8.131.5253-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Aravind, N.A., R.U. Shaanker & K.N. Ganeshaiah (2004). Croak, croak, croak: are there more frogs to be discovered in the Western Ghats?Â Current ScienceÂ 86(11): 1471â€“1472.
Baillie, J., C. Hilton-Taylor & S.N. Stuart [eds.]. (2004).Â 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: A Global Species Assessment. Thanet Press Ltd., Margate, UK, 195p.
Biju, S.D. & F. Bossuyt (2009). Systematics and phylogeny of Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Anura, Rhacophoridae) in the Western Ghats of India, with descriptions of 12 new species.Â Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 155(2): 374â€“444; http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00466.x
Biju, S.D., G.D. Buddhe, S. Dutta, K. Vasudevan, C. Srinivasulu & S.P. Vijayakumar (2004).Â Pseudophilautus wynaadensisÂ (errata version published in 2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004. Downloaded on 16 March 2018; http://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58937A11859437.en
Biju, S.D., S. Garg, S. Mahony, N. Wijayathilaka, G. Senevirathne & M. Meegaskumbura (2014). DNA barcoding, phylogeny and systematics of Golden-backed Frogs (Hylarana, Ranidae) of the Western Ghats-Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot, with the description of seven new species.Â Contributions to ZoologyÂ 83(4): 269â€“335.
Bionda, C.D.L., I.E. di Tada & R.C. Lajmanovich (2011). Composition of amphibian assemblages in agroecosystems from the central region of Argentina.Â Russian Journal of Herpetology 18(2): 93â€“98.
Das, S. (2015). A checklist of amphibians of the Kerala State. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8023â€“8035; http://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.2003.7.13.8023-8035
Eekhout, X. (2010). Sampling amphibians and reptiles, pp. 530â€“557.Â In: Manual on Field Recording Techniques and Protocols for All Taxa Biodiversity Inventories. National Focal Point to The Global Taxonomy Initiative, Belgium.
Gururaja, K.V. (2012).Â Pictorial Guide to Frogs and Toads of the Western Ghats. Gubbi Labs LLP.
Gururaja, K.V., K.P. Dinesh, M.J. Palot, C. Radhakrishnan & T.V. Ramachandra (2007). A new species of Philautus Gistel (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from southern Western Ghats, India.Â ZootaxaÂ 1621: 1â€“16.
Gurushankara, H.P., S.V. Krishnamurthy & V. Vasudev (2007). Morphological abnormalities in natural populations of common frogs inhabiting agroecosystems of central Western Ghats.Â Applied Herpetology 4(1): http://doi.org/39-4510.1163/157075407779766651
Harikrishnan, S., S. Chandramouli & K. Vasudevan (2012). A survey of herpetofauna on Long Island, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India.Â Herpetological Bulletin 119: 19.
Kittusamy, G., C. Kandaswamy, N. Kandan & M. Subramanian (2014). Pesticide residues in two frog species in a paddy agroecosystem in Palakkad district, Kerala, India.Â Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and ToxicologyÂ 93(6): 728â€“734; http://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-014-1351-1
Krishnamurthy, S.V., D. Meenakumari, H.P. Gurushankara & V. Vasudev (2008). Nitrate-induced morphological anomalies in the tadpoles of Nyctibatrachus major and Fejervarya limnocharis (Anura: Ranidae).Â Turkish Journal of ZoologyÂ 32(3): 239â€“244.
Nair, P.R. (2008). Agroecosystem management in the 21st century: it is time for a paradigm shift.Â Journal of Tropical AgricultureÂ 46: 1â€“12.
Nameer, P.O., J. Praveen, A. Bijukumar, M.J. Palot, S. Das & R. Raghavan (2015). A checklist of vertebrates of the Kerala State. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 7961â€“7970; http://doi.org/10.11609/jott.19184.108.40.20661-7970
Neckel-Oliveira, S. & C. Gascon (2006). Abundance, body size and movement patterns of a tropical treefrog in continuous and fragmented forests in the Brazilian Amazon.Â Biological Conservation 128(3): 308â€“315; http://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2005.09.037
Perfecto, I. & J. Vandermeer (2008). Biodiversity conservation in tropical agroecosystems.Â Annals of New York Academy of Science 1134(1): 173â€“200; http://dx.doi.org/10.1196/annals.1439.011
Rathod, S. & P. Rathod (2013). CEPF Western Ghats Special Series: Amphibian communities in three different coffee plantation regimes in the Western Ghats, India.Â Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(9): 4404â€“4413; http://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3054.4404-13
Sanchez, E., S.D. Biju, M.M. Islam, M. Hasan, A. Ohler, M. Vences & A. Kurabayashi (2018). Phylogeny and classification of fejervaryan frogs (Anura: Dicroglossidae). SALAMANDRA 54(2): 109â€“116.
Wanger, T.C., A. Saro, D.T. Iskandar, B.W. Brook, N.S. Sodhi, Y. Clough & T. Tscharntke (2009). Conservation value of cacao agroforestry for amphibians and reptiles in Southeast Asia: combining correlative models with followâ€up field experiments.Â Journal of Applied Ecology 46(4): 823â€“832; http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01663.x
Whiles, M.R., K.R. Lips, C.M. Pringle, S.S. Kilham, R.J. Bixby, R. Brenes, S. Connelly, J.C. Colon-Gaud, M. Hunte-Brown, A.D. Huryn & C. Montgomery (2006). The effects of amphibian population decline on the structure and function of Neotropical stream ecosystems.Â Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 4(1): 27â€“34; http://doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295(2006)004[0027:TEOAPD]2.0.CO;2