Hydrophylax bahuvistara, a new species of fungoid frog (Amphibia: Ranidae) from peninsular India

Anand D. Padhye, Anushree Jadhav, Nikhil Modak, P. O. Nameer, Neelesh Dahanukar

Abstract


Hydrophylax bahuvistara, a new species of fungoid frog, is described from peninsular India. It can be separated from its congeners based on a combination of characters including wider head, outline of snout in dorsal view truncated, finger and toe tips without lateroventral groove, foot moderately webbed, metatarsals of 4th and 5th toes closely set, outer metatarsal tubercle small, foot length less than or equal to half of snout vent length, dorsal parts of shank without glandular folds and sparse horny spinules, and heels touch each other when the legs are folded at right angles to the body.  Genetically, H. bahuvistara forms a monophyletic group with H. malabaricus as a sister clade separated by a raw distance of 4.0 to 4.5% in the 16s rRNA gene.  Morphometrically, H. bahuvistara forms a significantly different cluster from H. malabaricus and H. gracilis in Discriminant Analysis. 

 

Keywords


Anura; molecular taxonomy; multivariate analysis; taxonomy.

Full Text:

PDF/A HTML

References


Altschul, S.F., W. Gish, W. Miller, E.W. Myers & D.J. Lipman (1990). Basic local alignment search tool. Journal of Molecular Biology 215: 403–410; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-2836(05)80360-2

Biju, S.D., S. Garg, S. Mahony, N. Wijayathilaka, G. Senevirathne & M. Meegaskumbura (2014). DNA barcoding, phylogeny and systematic of golden-backed frogs (Hylarana, Ranidae) of the Western Ghats-Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot, with the description of seven new species. Contributions to Zoology 83(4): 269–335.

Biju, S.D., S. Dutta & R. Inger (2004). Hylarana malabarica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. . Downloaded on 03 March 2015.

Boulenger, G.A. (1920). A monograph of the South Asian, Papuan, Melanesian and Australian frogs of the genus Rana. Records of the Indian Museum 20: 1–226.

Che, J., J.F. Pang, H. Zhao, G.F. Wu, E.M. Zhao & Y.P. Zhang (2007). Phylogeny of Raninae (Anura: Ranidae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43: 1–13;

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2006.11.032

Cope, E.D. (1868). An examination of the Reptilia and Batrachia obtained by the orton expedition to equador and the upper Amazon, with notes on other species. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 20: 96–140.

Doornik, J.A. & H. Hansen (2008). An Omnibus Test for Univariate and Multivariate Normality. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 70: 927–939; http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0084.2008.00537.x

Dubois, A. (1992). Notes sur la classification des Ranidae (Amphibiens anoures). Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 61: 305–352.

Edgar, R.C. (2004). MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Research 32(5): 1792–1797; http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh340

Fitzinger, L.J.F.J. (1843). Systema Reptilium. Fasciculus Primus. Wien: Braumüller et Seidel.

Frost, D.R. (2015). Amphibian Species of the World: an Online

Reference. Version 6.0. Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. (Accessed on 22 July 2015).

Frost, D.R., T. Grant, J. Faivovich, R.H. Bain, A. Haas, C.F.B. Haddad, R.O. de Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S.C. Donnellan, C.J. Raxworthy, J.A. Campbell, B.L. Blotto, P.E. Moler, R.C. Drewes, R.A. Nussbaum, J.D. Lynch, D.M. Green & W.C. Wheeler (2006). The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–370.

Gravenhorst, J.L.C. (1829). Deliciae Musei Zoologici Vratislaviensis. Fasciculus primus. Chelonios et Batrachia. Leopold Voss, Leipzig.

Guibé, J. (1950). Catalogue des Types d’Amphibiens du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle.  Imprimerie Nationale, Paris.

Günther, A.C.L.G. (1859). Catalogue of the Batrachia Salientia in the Collection of the British Museum. Taylor and Francis, London.

Günther, A.C.L.G. (1864). The Reptiles of British India. Ray Society by R. Hardwicke, London.

Hammer, Ø., D.A.T. Harper & P.D. Ryan (2001). PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica 4(1): 1–9.

Harris, R.J. (2001). A Primer for Multivariate Statistics. Third Edition. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers, London.

Hasan, M., M.M. Islam, M.R. Khan, T. Igawa M.S. Alam, H.T. Djong, N. Kurniawan, H. Joshy, Y.H. Sen, D.M. Belabut, A. Kurabayashi, M.

Kuramoto & M. Sumida (2014). Genetic divergences of South and Southeast Asian frogs: a case study of several taxa based on 16S ribosomal RNA gene data with notes on the generic name Fejervarya. Turkish Journal of Zoology 38: 389–411; http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/zoo-1308-36

Hasan, M., M.M. Islam, M.M.R. Khan, M.S. Alam, A. Kurabayashi, T. Igawa, M. Kuramoto & M. Sumida (2012). Cryptic anuran biodiversity in Bangladesh revealed by mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene sequences. Zoological science 29(3): 162–172; http://dx.doi.org/10.2108/zsj.29.162

Huberty, C.J. & S. Olejnik (2006). Applied MANOVA and Discriminant Analysis. 2nd Edition. Hohn Wiley and Sons, N.J., 488pp.

Kosuch, J., M. Vences, A. Dubois, A. Ohler & W. Böhme (2001). Out

of Asia: mitochondrial DNA evidence for an oriental origin of tiger frogs, genus Hoplobatrachus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 21(3): 398–407; http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/mpev.2001.1034

Kurabayashi, A., M. Kuramoto, H. Joshy & M. Sumida (2005). Molecular phylogeny of the ranid frogs from Southwest India based on the mitochondrial ribosomal RNA gene sequences. Zoological Sciences 22(5): 525–534; http://dx.doi.org/10.2108/zsj.22.525

Lalremsanga, H.T., S. Sailo, S. Kharbuli & R.N.K. Hooroo (2007). Record of Sylvirana leptoglossa (Cope, 1868)(Anura: Ranidae) from Mizoram, northeastern India. Frog leg 13: 9–10.

Nei, M. & S. Kumar (2000). Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics. Oxford University Press, New York, 333pp.

Oliver, L.A., E. Prendini, F. Kraus & C. J. Raxworthy (in press). Systematics and biogeography of the Hylarana frog (Anura: Ranidae) radiation across tropical Australasia, Southeast Asia, and Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2015.05.001

Padhye, A., A. Jadhav, M. Diwekar & N. Dahanukar (2012). Population variations in the Fungoid Frog Hylarana malabarica (Anura: Ranidae) from northern Western Ghats of India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(2): 2343–2352; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2863.2343–52 

Padhye, A.D., N. Modak & N. Dahanukar (2014). Indirana chiravasi, a new species of Leaping Frog (Anura: Ranixalidae) from Western Ghats of India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(10): 6293–6312; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o4068.6293-312

Rambaut, A. (2009). FigTree, ver. 1.4.2. [Online]. Available:http:/tree.bio.ed.ac.uk/software/figtree/ Accessed on 28 February 2015.

Schwarz, G. (1978). Estimating the dimension of a model. Annals of Statistics 6: 461–464.

Tamura, K. (1992). Estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions when there are strong transition-transversion and G+C content biases. Molecular Biology and Evolution 9(4): 678–687.

Tamura, K., G. Stecher, D. Peterson, A. Filipski & S. Kumar (2013). MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 2725–2729; http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst197

Tschudi, J.J. (1838). Classification der Batrachier mit Berücksichtigung der fossilen Thiere dieser Abtheilung der Reptilien. Buchdruckerei von Petitpierre, Neuchâtel.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o4252.7744-60

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Anand D. Padhye, Anushree Jadhav, Nikhil Modak, P. O. Nameer, Neelesh Dahanukar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The Journal of Threatened Taxa is an open access and print, peer-reviewed, monthly, international journal on conservation and taxonomy. The aim of the Journal is to promote wildlife research and conservation action worldwide at no cost to authors, no subscription or membership cost, and no hidden cost, on a regular basis without compromising on ethics, standards and pre-requisites of scientific publications.


This site is run on the Open Journal System (OJS).   This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.