Cnemaspis flaviventralis, a new species of gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India

Main Article Content

Amit Sayyed
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1244-7809
Robert Alexander Pyron
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2524-1794
Neelesh Dahanukar
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7162-9023

Abstract

Cnemaspis flaviventralis, a new species of day gecko, is described from the forests of Amboli, Sindhudurg District, Maharashtra State, northern Western Ghats, India.  The new species was previously confused with the sympatric species Cnemaspis girii, C. indraneildasii, C. kolhapurensis and C. goaensis.  It is distinguished from C. giri by having spine-like tubercles on flanks, granular dorsal scales intermixed with large, depressed, slightly keeled scales (vs. lack of spine-like tubercles on flanks, granular dorsal scales, intermixed with large smooth scales); from C. indraneildasii by having dorsal scales heterogeneous (vs. homogenous), lacking a series of enlarged median sub-caudal scales, and 28–29 (vs. 20) ventral scales across mid-body; from C. kolhapurensis by having heterogeneous (vs. homogenous) dorsal scalation, lacking spine-like tubercles on flanks and lacking pre-cloacal pores (vs. 24–28 pre-cloacal-femoral pores); and from C. goaensis by lacking pre-cloacal pores and lacking a series of enlarged median sub-caudal scales.  We further provide partial mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene sequences for the new species and for the sympatric species C. girii, C. kolhapurensis and C. goaensis, and show that the new species is genetically distinct. 

 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Sayyed, A., Pyron, R.A. and Dahanukar, N. 2016. Cnemaspis flaviventralis, a new species of gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 8, 14 (Dec. 2016), 9619–9629. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2599.8.14.9619-9629.
Section
Communications
Author Biographies

Amit Sayyed, Wildlife Protection and Research Society, Satara, Maharashtra 415 001 India.

Amit Sayyed is head of research department at Wildlife Protection and Research Society. He works on faunal diversity, ecology, taxonomy, distribution and evolution of Reptiles and Amphibians.

Robert Alexander Pyron, Department of Biological Sciences, The George Washington University, 2023 G St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20052, USA.

Robert Alexander Pyron is an Assistant Professor of Biology at The George Washington University. He works on theoretical and applied methods in statistical phylogenetics, using reptiles and amphibians as model groups.

Neelesh Dahanukar, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, G1 Block, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune, Maharashtra 411008, India

Neelesh Dahanukar works in ecology and evolution with an emphasis on mathematical and statistical analysis. He is also interested in taxonomy, distribution patterns and molecular phylogeny of ichthyo- and herpetofauna.

 

References

Altschul, S.F., W. Gish, W. Miller, E.W. Myers & D.J. Lipman (1990). Basic local alignment search tool. Journal of Molecular Biology 215: 403–410; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-2836(05)80360-2

Amarasinghe, A.A.T., M.B. Harvey, A. Riyanto & E.N. Smith (2015). A new species of Cnemaspis (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Sumatra, Indonesia. Herpetologica 71: 160–167; http://dx.doi.org/10.1655/HERPETOLOGICA-D-14-00034

Bauer, A.M. (2002). Two new species of Cnemaspis (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Gund, Uttara Kannada, India. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 99: 155–167.

Cyriac, V.P. & P.K. Umesh (2014). Description of a new ground-dwelling Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae), from Kerala, allied to C. wynadensis (Beddome, 1870). Russian Journal of Herpetology 21(3): 187–194.

Das, I. & A.M. Bauer (2000). Two new species of Cnemaspis (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Tamil Nadu, southern India. Russian Journal of Herpetology 7(1): 17–28.

Das, I. & S. Sengupta (2000). A new species of Cnemaspis (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Assam, northeastern India. Journal of South Asian Natural History 5(1): 17–23.

Edgar, R.C. (2004). MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Research 32(5): 1792–1797; http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh340

Gamble, T., E. Greenbaum, T.R. Jackman, A.P. Russell & A.M. Bauer (2012). Repeated origin and loss of adhesive toepads in geckos. PLoS ONE 7(6): e39429; http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039429

Ganesh, S.R., R. Sreekar, S.P. Pal, G. Ramchandra, C. Srinivasulu & B. Srinivasulu (2011). Discovery and first description of male Cnemaspis heteropholis Bauer, 2002 (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Agumbe, central Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(8): 2023–2027; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2614.2023-7

Giri, V.B., I. Agarwal & A.M. Bauer (2009). Designation of a neotype for Cnemaspis mysoriensis (Jerdon 1853) (Sauria: Gekkonidae), with a redescription and notes on its distribution and habitat. Russian Journal of Herpetology 16(4): 256–264.

Giri, V.B., A.M. Bauer & S.K. Gaikwad (2009). A new ground-dwelling species of Cnemaspis Strauch (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Zootaxa 2164: 49–60.

Giri, V. & H. Vithoba (2001) Occurrence of Cnemaspis kandiana, family Gekkonidae, in Amboli, Maharashtra. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 98: 454–455.

Grismer, L.L., P.J. Wood, S. Anuar, A. Riyanto, N. Ahmad, M.A. Muin, M. Sumontha, J.L. Grismer, C.K. Onn, E.S. Quah & O.S.G.

Pauwels (2014). Systematics and natural history of Southeast Asian Rock Geckos (genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887) with descriptions of eight new species from Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Zootaxa 3880(1): 001–147; http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3880.1.1

Guindon, S., J.F. Dufayard, V. Lefort, M. Anisimova, W. Hordijk & O. Gascuel (2010). New algorithms and methods to estimate maximum-likelihood phylogenies: assessing the performance of PhyML 3.0. Systematic Biology 59: 307–321; http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syq010

Inger, R.F., H. Marx & M. Koshy (1984). An undescribed species of gekkonid lizard (Cnemaspis) from India with comments on the status of C. tropidogaster. Herpetologica 40(2): 149–154.

Manamendra-Arachchi, K., S. Batuwita & R. Pethiyagoda (2007). A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7(1): 9–122.

Milne, I., D. Lindner, M. Bayer, D. Husmeier, G. McGuire, D.F. Marshall & F. Wright (2008). TOPALi v2: a rich graphical interface for evolutionary analyses of multiple alignments on HPC clusters and multi-core desktops. Bioinformatics 25: 126–127; http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btn575

Mirza, Z.A., S. Pal, H.S. Bhosale & R.V. Sanap (2014). A new species of gecko of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 from the Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa 3815: 494–506;

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3815.4.2

Mukherjee, D., S. Bhupathy & A.M.A. Nixon (2005). A new species of day gecko (Squamata, Gekkonidae, Cnemaspis) from the Anaikatti Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Current Science 89(8): 1326–1328.

Nei, M. & S. Kumar (2000). Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics. Oxford University Press, New York, 333pp.

Pyron, R.A., F.T. Burbrink & J.J. Wiens (2013). A phylogeny and updated classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 93; http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-13-93

Rambaut, A. (2009). FigTree, ver. 1.4.2. [Online]. Available: http:/tree.bio.ed.ac.uk/software/figtree/. Accessed on 28 February 2015.

Schwarz, G. (1978). Estimating the dimension of a model. Annals of Statistics 6: 461–464.

Srinivasulu, C., B. Srinivasulu & S. Molur (Compilers) (2014). The Status and Distribution of Reptiles in the Western Ghats, India. Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (CAMP), Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, 148pp.

Srinivasulu, C., G.C. Kumar & B. Srinivasulu (2015). A new species of Cnemaspis (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Northern Karnataka, India. Zootaxa 3947(1): 85–98; http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3947.1.5

Strauch, A.A. (1887). Bemerkungen über die Geckoniden-Sammlung im zoologischen Museum der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu St. Petersburg. Mémoires de l’Académie impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg 35(2): 1–72.

Tamura, K., G. Stecher, D. Peterson, A. Filipski & S. Kumar (2013). MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 2725–2729; http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst197

Uetz, P. & J. Hošek (eds.) (2015). The Reptile Database, http://www.reptile-database.org, accessed 1 March 2016

Vidanapathirana, D.R., M.D. Rajeev, N. Wickramasinghe, S.S. Fernando & L.J. Wickramasinghe (2014). Cnemaspis rammalensis sp. nov., Sri Lanka’s largest day-gecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis) from Rammalakanda Man and Biosphere Reserve in southern Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 3755: 273–286; http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3755.3.5

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>