Main Article Content
We present an additional four new larval host plants of four butterfly species in three families from the southwest part of the Western Ghats region located in Dakshina Kannada District, Karnataka State. These updated new records are in addition to the known host plants of the Western Ghats.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27220.127.116.1153-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Bell, T.R. (1919). The common butterflies of the plains of India (including those met with in the hill stations of the Bombay Presidency). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 26: 941â€“954.
Bhat, K.G. (2003). Flora of Udupi. Indian Naturalist (R), Udupi, 350pp.
Bhat, K.G. (2014). Flora of South Kanara. Akriti Prints, Mangalore, India, 686pp.
Davidson, J., T.R. Bell & E.H. Aitken (1896). The butterflies of the North Canara district of the Bombay Presidency. Part I. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 10: 237â€“259.
Gunathilagaraj, K., T.N. Perumal, K. Jayaram & M.G. Kumar (1998). Some south Indian butterflies. Nilgiri Wildlife and Environment Association, 253pp.
Kalesh, S. & S.K. Prakash (2007). Additions to larval host plants of butterflies of the Western Ghats, Kerala, southern India (Rhopalocera, Lepidoptera): Part 1. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104: 235â€“238.
Kalesh, S. & S.K. Prakash (2015). Additions to larval host plants of butterflies of the Western Ghats, Kerala, Southern India (Rhopalocera, Lepidoptera): Part 2. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 112: 111â€“114.
Kehimkar, I. (2008). The Book of Indian butterflies. Oxford University Press, 497pp.
Knops, J.M., D. Tilman, N.M. Haddad, S. Naeem, C.E. Mitchell, J. Haarstad, M.E. Ritchie, K.M. Howe, P.B. Reich, E. Siemann & J. Groth (1999). Effects of plant species richness on invasion dynamics, disease outbreaks, insect abundances and diversity. Ecology Letters 2(5): 286â€“293.
Kunte, K. (2000). Butterflies of Peninsular India. Universities Press (Hyderabad) and Indian Academy of Sciences (Bangalore), 254pp.
Kunte, K. (2006). Additions to known larval host plants of Indian butterflies. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 103: 119â€“122.
Kunte, K., S. Sondhi & P. Roy (Chief Editors) (2018). Butterflies of India, v. 2.57. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: http://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/. Accessed 22 November 2018.
Naik, D. & M.S. Mustak (2015). Additions to larval host plants of Indian butterflies (Lepidoptera). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 112(3): 181â€“183.
Naik, D. & M.S. Mustak (2016). A checklist of butterflies of Dakshina Kannada District, Karnataka, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(12): 9491â€“9504. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3066.8.12.9491-9504
Nitin, R., V.C. Balakrishnan, P.V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash & K. Kunte (2018). Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(4): 11495â€“11550. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.318.104.22.16895-11550
Robinson, G.S., P.R. Ackery, I.J. Kitching, G.W. Beccaloni & L.M. HernÃ¡ndez (2010). HOSTS - A Database of the Worldâ€™s Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/hosts. Electronic version accessed on 18 August 2010.
Saji, K., J. Jose, H. Ogale, A. Soman & A. Sengupta. (2018). Rapala manea (Hewitson, 1863) â€“ Slate Flash. In: Kunte, K., S. Sondhi & P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.57. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: http://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/sp/634/Rapala-manea. Accessed 22 November 2018.
Saji, K. & H. Ogale (2018). Cheritra freja (Fabricius, 1793) â€“ Common Imperial. In: Kunte, K., S. Sondhi& P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.57. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: http://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/sp/689/Cheritra-freja. Accessed 22 November 2018.
Wynter-Blyth, M.A. (1957). Butterflies of the Indian region. Oxford Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, 523pp.
Yata, O. & H. Gaonkar (1999). A new subspecies of Eurema andersoni (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) from South India. Entomological Science 2: 281â€“285.