Main Article Content
In a preliminary study on the butterflies of Dakshina Kannada District, located in the southwestern part of the Karnataka along the Western Ghats in Karnataka State in India, a total of 172 species of butterflies belonging to 117 genera, from six families was prepared by visiting various landscapes during the period September 2012 to December 2015.Â Of the various species recorded, Papilio clytia (Linnaeus), Papilio lio medon (Moore), Pachlio ptahector (Linnaeus), Castalius rosimon (Fabricius), Acytolepis puspa (Horsefield), Lethe europa (Fabricius), Neptis jumbah (Moore), Dophlae velina (Stoll), Hypolimnas misippus (Linnaeus) and Doleschallia bisaltide (Cramer) comes under the Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972.Â The present study provides the baseline data of butterfly species of Dakshina Kannada.Â
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27188.8.131.5253-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Betham, J.A. (1891). The butterflies of the Central Provinces.Â Journal of the Bombay Natural History SocietyÂ 6: 175â€“183.
Evans, W.H. (1932). The Identification of Indian Butterflies - 2nd Edition. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India, 464pp
Gaonkar, H. (1996). Butterflies of Western Ghats, India, including Sri Lanka: A Biodiversity Assessment of a Threatened Mountain System. Centre for Ecological Sciences, IISc, Bangalore and the Natural History Museum, London, 89pp.
Gowda, H.T.R., P.A.V. Kumar & B.B. Hosetti (2011). Butterfly diversity, seasonality and status in Lakkavalli range of Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka.Â World Journal of Science and Technology 1(11): 67â€“72.
Gunathilagaraj, K., T.N.A. Perumal, K. Jayaram & M.G. Kumar (1998). Some South Indian Butterflies.Â Field Guide. Published under Project Lifescape, Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, 270pp.
Jha, C.S., C.B.S. Dutt & K.S. Bawa (2000). Deforestation and land use changes in Western Ghats, India.Â Current Science 79(2): 231â€“237.
Kehimkar, I. (2008). The Book of Indian Butterflies. Bombay Natural History Society, Oxford University Press, Mumbai, 497pp.
Kunte, K. (1997). Seasonal patterns in butterfly abundance and species diversity in four tropical habitats in northern Western Ghats.Â Journal of BiosciencesÂ 22(5): 593â€“603.
Kunte, K. (2000). A Lifescape: Butterflies of Peninsular Indian. Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, and University Press, 270pp.
Kunte, K. (2004). Species composition, sex-ratio & movement patterns in Danaine butterfly migrations in Southern India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 102(3): 280â€“286.
Kunte, K. (2008). The Wildlife (Protection) Act and conservation prioritization of butterflies of the Western Ghats, southwestern India.Â Current Science 94(6): 729.
Kunte, K., P. Roy, S. Kalesh & U. Kodandaramaiah (eds.). (2015).Â Butterflies of India. v. 2.10. Indian Foundation for Butterflies, Bengalore, Available from http://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/ (Accessed January 2015).
Mohandas, T.V. (2004). Distribution of butterfly species in Kudremukh National Park during monsoon, pp. 129â€“134. In:
Rajmohana, K. & T.C. Narendran (eds.). Perspectives on Biosystematics and Biodiversity. Systematic Entomology Research Scholars Association, Kerala, 666pp.
Mone, S., K.M. Kusha, D. Jathanna, M. Ali & A. Goel (2014). Comparison of insect biodiversity between organic and conventional plantations in Kodagu, Karnataka, India.Â Journal of Threatened TaxaÂ 6(9): 6186â€“6194; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3778.6186-94
Myers, N., R.A. Mittermeier, C.G. Mittermeier, G.A. Da Fonseca & J. Kent (2000). Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities.Â Nature 403(6772): 853â€“858.
Naro, T. & S. Sondhi (2014). Butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Chizami, Phek District, Nagaland, India. Journal of Threatened TaxaÂ 6(13): 6593â€“634; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3308.4122-4
Nayak, G., K.A. Subramanian, M. Gadgil, K.P. Achar, A.P. Acharya & G.B. Deviprasad (2004). Patterns of diversity and distribution of butterflies in heterogenous landscape of the Western Ghats, India, ENVIS Technical Report No.18, CES, IISc, Bangalore.
Padhye, A., N. Dahanukar, M. Paingaonkar, M. Deshpande & D. Deshpande (2006). Season and landscape wise distribution of butterflies in Tamhini, northern Western Ghats, India. Zoosâ€™ Print Journal 21 (30): 2175â€“2181; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.1142.2175-81
Singh, I.J. & M. Chib (2014). A preliminary checklist of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhophalocera) of Mendrelgang, Tsirang District, Bhutan. Journal of Threatened TaxaÂ 6(5): 5755â€“5768; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.03675.5755-68
Williams, C.B. (1938). The migration of butterflies in India.Â Journal of the Bombay Natural History SocietyÂ 40: 439â€“457.
Wynter-Blyth, M.A. (1957). Butterflies of the Indian Region. Bombay Natural History Society, 523pp.
Xavier, A. (2006). Butterfly fauna of government arts and science college campus, Kozhikode, Kerala.Â Zoosâ€™ Print JournalÂ 21(3): 2263â€“264; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.1414.2263-4