Habitat distribution modeling for reintroduction and conservation of Aristolochia indica L. - a threatened medicinal plant in Assam, India

Main Article Content

Bhaskar Sarma
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8378-5805
Prantik Sharma Baruah
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3708-8590
Bhaben Tanti
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7594-4562

Abstract

A detailed study on the regeneration ecology of Aristolochia indica L. was carried out to prevent this threatened medicinal plant from its future extirpation in Assam, India. The population stock of the species has been depleting fast in its natural habitats as a consequence of certain factors such as habitat fragmentation, over-exploitation due to its high medicinal properties, and other anthropogenic activities. For improving the conservation status of the species, potential area and habitat for its reintroduction were predicted using Maximum Entropy distribution modelling algorithm. The model was developed using environmental parameters and locality data in the natural range of Karbi Anglong District of Assam, India. The model predicted that the suitable habitats for the reintroduction of A. indica L. were restricted to parts of Assam, Nagaland, Meghalaya, and Arunachal Pradesh which have been identified to offer suitable environmental conditions for persistence of the species. Population status was positively correlated with higher model thresholds in the undisturbed habitats confirming the usefulness of the habitat model in population monitoring, particularly in predicting the successful establishment of the species.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Sarma, B., Baruah, P.S. and Tanti, B. 2018. Habitat distribution modeling for reintroduction and conservation of Aristolochia indica L. - a threatened medicinal plant in Assam, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 10, 11 (Oct. 2018), 12531–12537. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3600.10.11.12531-12537.
Section
Communications
Author Biographies

Bhaskar Sarma, Department of Botany, Anundoram Borooah Academy Degree College, Pathsala, District- Barpeta, Assam 781325, India

Bhaskar Sarma, Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, Anundoram Borooah Academy Degree College, whose interest in cytogenetics, plant breeding, molecular biology and ecological modeling.

Prantik Sharma Baruah, Department of Botany, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam 781014, India 

Prantik Sharma Baruah, research scholar, Department of Botany, Gauhati University. His research interest in cytogenetics, plant tissue culture and ecological modeling.

Bhaben Tanti, Department of Botany, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam 781014, India 

Bhaben Tanti, Professor, Department of Botany, Gauhati University. His research interest in cytogenetics, plant breeding, molecular biology and stress physiology.

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