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The dorsal guard hairs of Takin Budorcas taxicolor was examined using the optical light and scanning electron microscopes for species identification. It is found that the dorsal guard hair of B. taxicolor is possessed a completely unique microscopic characteristic especially the medullary character-uniserial ladder structure, which differs from other species of mammals. The â€˜irregular waveâ€™ of scale patterns and â€˜rippledâ€™ scale margins of cuticular, and the â€˜circularâ€™ shape of a transverse section of hair also determines the species identity of B. taxicolor, because these characteristics are infrequent in other species of mammals. The micro-photographs and characters of hairs are presented here can be used in the forensic science, as an appropriate reference for species identification of B. taxicolor.
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