Main Article Content
The morphological and microscopic characteristics of dorsal guard hair of six species of the Indian goat-antelopes are described. Although the cuticular characteristics of hair of all the six species studied are similar, the morphological, medulla and transverse section characteristics of hair are varied between the species. The hair of Indian caprines can easily be identified on the basis of their unique medulla and transverse section. The high-resolution microphotographs and key characteristics of hair are presented here and can be used as an appropriate reference for species identification of the wild goats and sheep occurring in the Himalaya and Western Ghats of India.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2722.214.171.12453-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Adorjan, A.S. & G.B. Kolenosky (1969). A manual for the identification of hairs of selected Ontario mammals. Toronto: Research Branch, Ontario Department of Lands and Forests 90, 64.
Bahuguna, A. (2008). Identification of Indian species of Callosciurus Gray through dorsal guard hair (Mammalia: Rodentia: Sciuridae). Biosystematica 1: 25â€“32.
Bahuguna, A. & S.K. Mukherjee (2000). Use of SEM to recognize Tibetan antelope (Chiru) hair and blending in wool products. Science and Justice 40: 177â€“182.
Brunner, H. & B. Coman (1974). The identification of mammalian hair. Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia, 176pp.
Chakraborty, R. & J.K. De (2010). Atlas on hairs Indian mammals. Part- I: Carnivora. Zoological Survey of India, 141pp.
De, J.K. (1993). Study of surface structure of hair of some Primates of Indian sub- continent. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 110: 21â€“25.
De, J.K. & R. Chakraborty (2013). Identification of dorsal guard hairs of nine species of the family Bovidae (Artiodactyla: Mammalia). Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93: 31â€“34.
Dharaiya, N. & V.C. Soni (2012). Identification of hairs of some mammalian prey of large cats in Gir Protected Area, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(9): 2928â€“2932; https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3032.2928-32
Hausman, L.A. (1920). Structural characteristics of the hair of mammals. American Naturalist 54: 496â€“523.
Kamalakannan, M. (2018). The identification of Takin Budorcas taxicolor (Mammalia: Bovidae) through dorsal guard hair. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(15): 13014â€“13016; https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.33126.96.36.19914-13016
Keogh, H.J. (1983). A photographic reference system of the microstructure of the hair of southern African bovids. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 13: 89â€“132.
Koppikar, B.R. & J.H. Sabins (1976). Identification of hairs of some Indian mammals. Journal of the Bombay Natural History and Society 73: 5â€“20.
Mathiak, H.A. (1938). A key to hairs of the mammals of southern Michigan. Journal of Wildlife Management 2: 251â€“268.
Mayer, W.V. (1952). The hair of California mammals with keys to the dorsal guard hairs of California mammals. American Midland Naturalist 38: 480â€“512.
Menon, V. (2014). Indian Mammals- A Field Guide. Hachette Book Publishing India Pvt. Limited, Gurgaon, 528pp.
Menon, V. & A. Kumar (1999). Wildlife Crime: An Enforcement Guide. Wildlife Protection Society of India, New Delhi, 111pp.
Moore, T.D., L.E. Spence & C.E. Dugnolle (1974). Identification of the dorsal guard hairs of some mammals of Wyoming. Game and Fish Department, Wyoming, 177pp.
Ridgway, R. (1886). Nomenclature of colours. University Press, John Wilson and Son, Cambridge, 129pp.
Sahajibal, V., S.P. Goyal, K. Singh & V. Tahkur (2010). Dealing wildlife offences in India: role of the hair as physical evidence. International Journal of Trichology 1: 18â€“26.
Sarkar, P.S., J.K. De & C.K. Manna (2011). Identification of dorsal guard hair of five species of the family Cercopithecidae (Primates: Mammalia). Current Science 100: 1725â€“1728.
Stains, H.J. (1958). Field key to guard hair of middle western furbearers. Journal of Wildlife Management 22: 95â€“97.
Teerink, B.J. (1991). Hair of West-European Mammals Atlas and Identification Key. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 223pp.