The importance of conserving fragmented forest patches with high diversity of flowering plants in the northern Western Ghats: an example from Maharashtra, India

Main Article Content

Amol Kishor Kasodekar
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9240-2055
Amol Dilip Jadhav
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6218-0620
Rani Babanrao Bhagat
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8673-1063
Rakesh Mahadev Pawar
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0908-5648
Vidya Shrikant Gupta
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6139-1346
Narendra Yashwant Kadoo
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9079-1226

Abstract

The northern Western Ghats (NWG) comprises of a patchy continuum of forests that have been severely fragmented mainly due to anthropogenic activities.  We documented tree diversity within a representative fragmented forest patch of the NWG to study the effects of fragmentation on forest structure and composition.  The floristic survey was conducted by replicated strip transect sampling method leading to a total sampling area of 0.3ha.  A total of 444 individual trees (Girth>10cm) were sampled, which represented 49 tree species belonging to 42 genera and 23 families.  Species richness per unit area and tree density were higher than previously reported values from similar forest type in various regions of NWG.  These variations, however, could have resulted due to differences in the sampling area, sampling method, and girth classes used across different studies.  Nevertheless, various diversity parameters such as N/S ratio, Simpson’s index, Shannon’s index, and Fisher’s α index were comparable with those reported in previous studies in the Western Ghats.  The observed species richness was close to species richness estimates such as abundance-based coverage estimate, Chao-1, and Jackknife estimators.  The present study also enumerates 108 species of understory flowering plants, which is provided as a checklist.  While access restrictions are imposed in protected areas having high conservation priority, such restrictions are not imposed in non-protected areas, which make them much more vulnerable to anthropogenic activities.  Hence, this study recommends that owing to their high diversity, the fragmented forest patches of NWG should also be given high conservation priority.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Kasodekar, A.K., Jadhav, A.D., Bhagat, R.B., Pawar, R.M., Gupta, V.S. and Kadoo, N.Y. 2019. The importance of conserving fragmented forest patches with high diversity of flowering plants in the northern Western Ghats: an example from Maharashtra, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 11, 7 (May 2019), 13833–13849. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3296.11.7.13833-13849.
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Articles
Author Biographies

Amol Kishor Kasodekar, Biochemical Sciences Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra 411008, India.

Ph.D. Scholar

Biochemical Sciences Division,

CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road,

Pashan, Pune 411008, Maharashtra, India

 

Amol Dilip Jadhav, Biochemical Sciences Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra 411008, India.

Senior Project Fellow,

Biochemical Sciences Division,

CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road,

Pashan, Pune 411008, Maharashtra, India

 

Rani Babanrao Bhagat, Department of Botany, Baburaoji Gholap College, Pune, Maharashtra 411027, India.

Assistant Professor,

Department of Botany, Anantrao Pawar College, Pirangut, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Vidya Shrikant Gupta, Biochemical Sciences Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra 411008, India.

Emeritus Scientist,

Biochemical Sciences Division,

CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune 411008, Maharashtra, India

Narendra Yashwant Kadoo, Biochemical Sciences Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra 411008, India.

Senior Scientist, Biochemical Sciences Division,

CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune 411008, Maharashtra, India

 

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