Notes on the occurrence of Chitoria sordida sordida (Moore, 1866) (Nymphalidae: Apaturinae) in Tsirang District, Bhutan

Jatishwor Singh Irungbam, Mennakshi Singh Chib, Zdenek Faltynek Fric


Observations on the distribution of Nymphalid butterfly, Sordid Emperor (Chitoria sordida sordida (Moore, 1866) in southern Bhutan are presented in this paper.  The confirmation is based on four years of observation of species in the warm broadleaf forest of Tsirang during July to October.  The species is legally protected under Schedule II of the Indian (Wildlife) Protection Act, 1997.



Chitoria sordida sordida; Mendrelgang; Barsong; Bhutan; rare.

Full Text:



Anonymous (1997). The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (as amended up to 1993) with rules uptil 1995. Natraj Publishers, Dehra Dun.

Amnuay, P. (2006). The Butterflies of Thailand. 1st Edition. Baan Lae Suan, Bangkok, 867pp.

Antram, B.C. (1924). Butterflies of India. Thacker, Spink & Co. Calcutta, 226pp.

Evans, W.H. (1932). The Identification of Indian Butterflies - 2nd Edition. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India, 464pp.

Inayoshi, Y. (2016). A check List of butterflies in Indo-China (chiefly from Thailand, Laos & Vietnam). Accessed on 03 February 2016

Kehimkar, I. (2008). The Book of Indian Butterflies. Bombay Natural History Society, Oxford University Press, Mumbai, 497pp.

Lang, S.Y. (2012). The Nymphalidae of China (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Part I (Libytheinae, Danainae, Calinaginae, Morphinae, Heliconiinae, Nymphalinae, Charaxinae, Apaturinae, Cyrestinae, Biblidinae, Limenitinae). Tshikolovers Publications, Pardubice, Czech Republic, 454pp.

Masui, A. (2004). A revision on Chitoria sordida and C. naga (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Transactions of Lepidoptera Society of Japan 55(4): 243–250.

Masui, A., G.C. Bozano & A. Floriani (2011). Guide to the Butterflies of the Palearctic region. Nymphalidae, subfamily Apaturinae. Part IV. Omnes Artes S.A.S. Milano, Italy, 82pp.

Singh, I.J. & M. Chib (2014). A preliminary checklist of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhophalocera) of Mendrelgang, Tsirang District, Bhutan. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(5): 5755–5768;

Tytler, H.C. (1914). Notes on some new and interesting butterflies from Manipur and the Naga Hills. Part 2. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 23: 502–515.

Wangdi, K. & Sherub (2012). Nymphalids, Brush-footed Butterflies of Bhutan. Ugyen Wangchuk Institute of Conservation and Environment. Nature Guide series, 166pp.

Wynter-Blyth, M.A. (1957). Butterflies of the Indian Region. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, 523pp.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Jatishwor Singh Irungbam, Mennakshi Singh Chib, Zdenek Faltynek Fric

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The Journal of Threatened Taxa is an open access and print, peer-reviewed, monthly, international journal on conservation and taxonomy. The aim of the Journal is to promote wildlife research and conservation action worldwide at no cost to authors, no subscription or membership cost, and no hidden cost, on a regular basis without compromising on ethics, standards and pre-requisites of scientific publications.

This site is run on the Open Journal System (OJS).   This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.