Knowledge, attitudes and practices of local people on Siberut Island (West-Sumatra, Indonesia) towards primate hunting and conservation

Marcel Quinten, Farquhar Stirling, Stefan Schwarze, Yoan Dinata, Keith Hodges

Abstract


The Mentawai Archipelago (West-Sumatra, Indonesia) harbours a wealth of endemic animals and plants including six unique primate species, all threatened by habitat loss and hunting. Although hunting is known to be widespread, little systematic work has been carried out to examine its scale and impact on Mentawai´s primate populations. Here we report an island-wide survey carried out on Siberut, the archipelago’s largest island, to assess hunting behaviour with respect to the four locally-occurring primate species, as well as the attitudes of indigenous inhabitants to resource utilization. Face-to-face interviews were conducted in mid-2012 with 390 respondents from 50 villages using a structured questionnaire. Overall, ca. one quarter of the respondents (24%) are still active hunters, generally targeting Simias concolor (77%), Macaca siberu (71%) and Presbytis siberu (68%); Hylobates klossii is rarely hunted (3%). Mostly, a single animal is captured per hunt, with average numbers per three months ranging from 1.9-2.3 individuals (for S. concolor, M. siberu and P. siberu). We found that in many aspects our data did not differ between the protected area (Siberut National Park) and the rest of the island, although hunting was significantly more prevalent within the protected area’s boundaries. Our approximation of annual offtake leads us to conclude that no less than 4,800 primates are taken every year (min. 6.4 % of the population). We provide recommendations on how to reduce hunting as a driver for population decline.

Keywords


Bushmeat; Hylobates klossii; Macaca siberu; offtake; population decline; Presbytis siberu; Siberut; Simias concolor.

Full Text:

PDF/A HTML

References


Anonymous (1994-95). Revised Working Plan for the Forests of Chopal Forest Division, Himachal Pradesh. Vol.1: 356pp.

Anonymous (2005-06). Revised Working Plan for the Forests of Rajgarh Forest Division, Himachal Pradesh. Vol.1: 387pp.

Chowdhery, H.J. & B.M. Wadhwa (1984). Flora of Himachal Pradesh, Analysis Vols. 1-3. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, 860pp.

Collett, H. (1902). Flora Simlensis: A Handbook of the Flowering Plants of Simla and the Neighbourhood. Thacker Spink and Co., Calcutta, 652pp.

Gupta, H. (1998). Comparative studies on the medicinal and aromatic flora of Churdhar and Rohtang areas of Himachal Pradesh. MSc Thesis. Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (unpuplished).

Holdgate, M. (1999). The Green Web - A Union for World Conservation. Earthscan, London, UK.

Karthikeyan, S. (2009). Flowering Plants of India in 19th and 21st Centuries - comparison, pp. 19-30. In: Krishnan, S. & D. Bhat (eds). Plant and Fungal Biodiversity and Bioprospecting. Boradway Book Centre, Goa.

Kaur, H. & M. Sharma (2004). Flora of Sirmaur (Himachal Pradesh). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, 770 pp.

Khan, M.S. & S.A. Bhagwat (2010). Protected areas: a resource or constraint for local people? - A study at Chitral Gol National Park, North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan. Mountain Research and Development 30(1): 14-24.

Kumar, N. (2004). Studies on the distribution and importance of medicinal and aromatic plants of Nahan area, District Sirmaur (H.P.). MSc Thesis. Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (unpublished), 226pp.

Nair, N.C. (1977). Flora of Bashahr Himalaya. International Bioscience Publishers, Hissar, 360pp.

Nayar, M.P. (1996). Hot Spots of Endemic Plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan. Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Palode, Thiruvananthapuram, 252pp.

Nayar, M.P. & A.R.K. Sastry (eds) (1987, 1990). Red Data Book of Indian Plants. Vol.1 - (1987) & Vol. 3 - (1990). Botanical Survey of India, Howrah.

Polunin, O. & A. Stainton (1984). Flowers of the Himalaya. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 580pp.

Singh, J.S. (2002). The biodiversity crisis: A multifaceted review. Current Science 82: 638-647.

Thomas, P. & A. Farjon (2011). Taxus wallichiana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. . Downloaded on 11 October 2014.

Ved, D.K., G.K. Kinhal, K. Ravikumar, V. Prabhakaran, U. Ghate, R.V. Sankar & J.H. Indresha (eds.) (2003). Report of the Conservation and Assessment Management Prioritization for the Medicinal Plants of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal. FRLHT, Bangalore, 206pp.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3963.6389-98

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2014 Marcel Quinten, Farquhar Stirling, Stefan Schwarze, Yoan Dinata, Keith Hodges

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The Journal of Threatened Taxa is an open access and print, peer-reviewed, monthly, international journal on conservation and taxonomy. The aim of the Journal is to promote wildlife research and conservation action worldwide at no cost to authors, no subscription or membership cost, and no hidden cost, on a regular basis without compromising on ethics, standards and pre-requisites of scientific publications.


This site is run on the Open Journal System (OJS).   This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.