Dragonflies and Damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Aryanad Grama Panchayat, Kerala, India

Main Article Content

Reji Chandran
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4914-0955
A. Vivek Chandran

Abstract

A year-long study to document the diversity and seasonality of odonates was conducted at Aryanad Grama Panchayat, Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala, southern India. A total of 93 species (56 dragonflies and 37 damselflies) belonging to 12 families were recorded. Twenty-four species of odonates recorded are endemic to the Western Ghats, three to peninsular India and one to India. Small streams showed the highest species richness, hosting 69 species and ponds the lowest with 59 species. Species richness showed a peak during the southwest monsoon season and a dip in winter. The study highlights the importance of biodiversity documentation at regional level. 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Reji Chandran and A. Vivek Chandran 2021. Dragonflies and Damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Aryanad Grama Panchayat, Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 13, 14 (Dec. 2021), 20153–20166. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.7342.13.14.20153-20166.
Section
Communications

References

Adarsh, C.K., R. Arunraj & P.O. Nameer (2015). Odonata (Insecta) diversity of Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, the Southern Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa: 7(2): 6910–6919. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3771.6910-9

Asahina, S. (1987). A list of the Odonata recorded from Thailand. Part XVIII. Corduliidae 2 Kontyu 55(4): 699–720

Clark, T.E. & M.J. Samways (1996). Dragonflies (Odonata) as indicators of biotope quality in the Kruger National Park, South Africa. Journal of Applied Ecology 33(5): 1001–1012.

Clausnitzer V., V.J. Kalkman, M. Ram, B. Collen, J.E.M. Baillie, M. Bedjanič, W.R.T. Darwall, K.B. Dijkstra, R. Dow, J. Hawking, H. Karube, E. Malikova, D. Paulson, K. Schütte, F. Suhling, R.J. Villanueva, N. Ellenrieder & K. Wislon (2009). Odonata enter the biodiversity crisis debate: The first global assessment of an insect group. Biological Conservation 142: 1864–1869.

Corbet, P.S. (1993). Are Odonata useful as bioindicators? Libellula 12(3–4): 91–102.

Fraser, F.C. (1924). A Survey of the Odonata Fauna of Western India with special remarks on the genera Macromia and Idionyx and descriptions of thirty new species. Records of the Indian Museum 26(5): 423–522.

Fraser, F.C. (1933). The Fauna of British-India including Ceylon and Burma, Odonata. Vol. I. Taylor and Francis Ltd., London, 436 pp.

Fraser, F.C. (1934). The Fauna of British-India including Ceylon and Burma, Odonata. Vol. II. Taylor and Francis Ltd., London, 442 pp.

Fraser, F.C. (1935). New Oriental Dragonflies (Order Odonata). Records of the Indian Museum 37(3): 321–333.

Fraser, F.C. (1936). The Fauna of British-India including Ceylon and Burma, Odonata. Vol. III. Taylor and Francis Ltd., London, 461 pp.

Government of Kerala (2021). https://lsgkerala.gov.in/en/lbelection/electdmemberdet/2010/255 Accessed on 16 April 2021.

IUCN (2021). Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature https://www.iucnredlist.org/ Accessed on 16 April 2021.

Kalkman, V.J., R. Babu, M. Bedjanič, K. Conniff, T. Gyeltshen, M.K. Khan, K.A. Subramanian, A. Zia & A.G. Orr (2020). Checklist of the dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 4849(1): 001–084. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4849.1.1

Kerala State Biodiversity Board (2021). https://www.keralabiodiversity.org/ Accessed on 16 April 2021.

Kiran, C.G. & D.V. Raju (2013). Dragonflies and damselflies of Kerala (Keralathile Thumbikal). Tropical Institute of Ecological Sciences, 156pp.

Koparde P., P. Mhaske & A. Patwardhan (2014). New records of dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(5): 5744–5754. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3402.5744-54

Lieftinck, M.A. (1931). A revision of genus Epophthalmia Burmeister (Odonata: Corduliinae) with notes on habits and larvae. Treubia 13: 21–80.

Mathur, P.K. & P.R. Sinha (2008). Looking Beyond Protected Area Networks: A Paradigm Shift in Approach for Biodiversity Conservation. International Forestry Review 10(2): 305–314.

May, R.M. (2010). Ecological science and tomorrow’s world. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences. 365: 41–47.

Odum, E.P. & G.W. Barrett (2005). Fundamentals of Ecology, 5th edition, Thomson Brooks/Cole, Belmont, California, 598pp.

Risser, P.G. (1995). The Status of the Science Examining Ecotones: A dynamic aspect of landscape is the area of steep gradients between more homogeneous vegetation associations. BioScience 45(5): 318–325. https://doi.org/10.2307/1312492

Sánchez-Bayo, F. & K.A.G. Wyckhuys (2019). Worldwide decline of the entomofauna: A review of its drivers. Biological Conservation 232: 8–27.

Society for Odonate Studies (2021). List of odonates of Kerala. https://odonatesociety.org/list-of-odonates-of-kerala/ Electronic version accessed on 15 April 2021.

Subramanian, K.A. (2005). India-A Lifescape, Dragonflies of India – A Field Guide. Vigyan Prasar, India Offset Press, New Delhi, 118pp.

Subramanian, K.A. (2009). Dragonflies and Damselflies of Peninsular India - A Field Guide. Vigyan Prasar, Noida, India, 168pp.

Subramanian, K.A., F. Kakkassery & M.V. Nair (2011). The status and distribution of dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) of the Western Ghats, pp. 63–72. In: Molur, S., K.G. Smith, B.A. Daniel & W.R.T. Darwall (comp.). The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodversity in the Western Ghats, India. IUCN, Cambridge, UK and Glad, Switzerland and Zoo Outreach Organization, Coimbatore, India, 116 pp.

Subramanian, K.A., K.G. Emiliyamma, R. Babu, C. Radhakrishnan & S.S. Talmale (2018). Atlas of Odonata (Insecta) of the Western Ghats, India. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 417 pp.

Tiple, A.D & A. Payra (2020). First Record of Epophthalmia frontalis from Central India (Insecta: Odonata: Macromiidae). Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle “Grigore Antipa” 63(2): 127–130. https://doi.org/10.3897/travaux.63.e52897

Varghese, A.P., P.R. Nikesh & J. Mathew (2014). Odonata (Insecta) diversity of Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary and its adjacent areas in Thattekkad, Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(6): 5887–5893. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3395.5887-93