Range extension of the Common Slug Snake Pareas monticola (Cantor, 1839) (Reptilia: Squamata: Pareidae): a new family record for Nepal

Main Article Content

Dipa Rai
Manoj Pokharel
Tapil P. Rai


In this paper, we present the first evidence of the snake Pareas monticola in Nepal. An individual snake belonging to the species was recorded in eastern Nepal, about 25 km southwest of Darjeeling in India, where the species is known to occur.  

Article Details

How to Cite
Rai, D., Pokharel, M. and Rai, T.P. 2021. Range extension of the Common Slug Snake Pareas monticola (Cantor, 1839) (Reptilia: Squamata: Pareidae): a new family record for Nepal. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 13, 9 (Aug. 2021), 19373–19375. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.7335.13.9.19373-19375.


Bhosale, H., P. Phansalkar, M. Sawant, G. Gowande, H. Patel & Z.A. Mirza (2020). A new species of snail-eating snakes of the genus Pareas Wagler, 1830 (Reptilia: Serpentes) from eastern Himalayas, India. European Journal of Taxonomy 729(1): 54–73. https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.729.1191

Deepak, V., S. Narayanan, S. Das, K.P. Rajkumar, P.S. Easa, K.A. Sreejith & D.J. Gower (2020). Description of a new species of Xylophis Beddome, 1878 (Serpentes: Pareidae: Xylophiinae) from the Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa 4755(2): 231–250. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4755.2.2

Deepak, V., S. Ruane & D.J. Gower (2018). A new subfamily of fossorial colubroid snakes from the Western Ghats of peninsular India. Journal of Natural History 52(45–46): 2919–2934. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2018.1557756

Ding, L., Z. Chen, C. Suwannapoom, T.V. Nguyen, N.A. Poyarkov & G. Vogel (2020). A new species of the Pareas hamptoni complex (Squamata, Serpentes, Pareidae) from the golden triangle. Taprobanica 9(2): 174–193. https://doi.org/10.47605/tapro.v9i2.230

Hakim, J., S.J. Trageser, A. Ghose, S.M.A. Rashid & S.C. Rahman (2020). Amphibians and reptiles from Lawachara National Park in Bangladesh. Check List 16(5): 1239–1268. https://doi.org/10.15560/16.5.1239

Hauser, S. (2017). On the Validity of Pareas macularius Theobald, 1868 (Squamata: Pareidae) as a Species Distinct from Pareas margaritophorus (Jan in Bocourt, 1866). Tropical Natural History 17(1): 25–52.

Hoso, M. (2017). Asymmetry of mandibular dentition is associated with dietary specialization in snail-eating snakes. PeerJ 5: e3011. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3011

Khatiwada, J.R., B. Wang, S. Ghimire, S. Paudel & J. Jiang (2015). A new species of the genus Tylototriton (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae) from eastern Himalaya. Asian Herpetological Research 6(4): 245–256. https://doi.org/10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.140097

Koirala, B.K., K. Jamtsho, P. Wangdi, D. Tshering, R. Wangdi, L. Norbu, S. Phuntsho, S. Lhendup & T. Nidup (2021). Diversity and distribution of snakes in Trashigang Territorial Forest Division, eastern Bhutan. Journal of Threatened Taxa 13(1): 17455–17469. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.6835.13.1.17455-17469

Lillesø, J.-P.B., T.B. Shrestha, L.P. Dhakal, R.P. Nayaju & R. Shrestha (2005). The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal: a forestry/agro-ecological/biodiversity classification system. Development and Environment Series no. 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No. 110. Forest & Landscape Denmark, 16pp.

Liu, S. & D. Rao (2021). A new species of the genus Pareas (Squamata, Pareidae) from Yunnan, China. ZooKeys 1011: 121–138. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.1011.59029

Loredo, A.I., P.Jr.L. Wood, E.S.H. Quah, S. Anuar, L.F. Greer, N. Ahmad & L. Grismer (2013). Cryptic speciation within Asthenodipsas vertebralis (Boulenger, 1900) (Squamata: Pareatidae), the description of a new species from Peninsular Malaysia, and the resurrection of A. tropidonotus (Lidth de Jude, 1923) from Sumatra: an integrative taxonomic analysis. Zootaxa 3664(4): 505. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3664.4.5

Prior, D.J. (1985). Water-regulatory behavior in terrestrial gastropods. Biological Reviews 60(3): 403–424. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185X.1985.tb00423.x

Uetz, P., P. Freed & J. Hošek (2021). The Reptile Database https://www.reptile-database.org. Accessed 01 April 2021.

Vogel, G., T.V. Nguyen, T. Zaw & N.A. Poyarkov (2020). A new species of the Pareas monticola complex (Squamata: Serpentes: Pareidae) from Chin Mountains with additions to the Pareas fauna of Myanmar. Journal of Natural History 54(39–40): 2577–2612. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2020.1856953

Wang, P., J. Che, Q. Liu, K. Li, J.Q. Jin, K. Jiang, L. Shi & P. Guo (2020). A revised taxonomy of Asian snail-eating snakes Pareas (Squamata, Pareidae): evidence from morphological comparison and molecular phylogeny. ZooKeys 939: 45–64. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.939.49309

You, C.-W., N.A. Poyarkov & S.-M. Lin (2015). Diversity of the snail-eating snakes Pareas (Serpentes, Pareatidae) from Taiwan. Zoologica Scripta 44(4): 349–361. https://doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12111