Underestimated diversity of Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) on karst landscapes in Sarawak, East Malaysia, Borneo

Main Article Content

Izneil Nashriq
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3849-7732
Indraneil Das
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9522-2228

Abstract

The paraphyletic group of Old World rock gecko genus Cnemaspis, currently comprises ~180 described species from Africa and Asia.  The south-east Asian clade with 63 described species, is most diverse on the Thai-Malay Peninsula, with just five species known from Borneo, an island biodiversity hotspot.  Karst regions are known as centres for species endemism, and vast areas of caves and karst exist across northern Borneo.  Fieldwork from 2017 to 2020 recovered additional undescribed species of Cnemaspis from areas of karst forests in western and northern Sarawak.  These discoveries emphasize the importance of preserving areas of limestone karst within rainforest areas for maintaining species diversity, as well as accelerating research on documenting the biota.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Nashriq, I. and Das, I. 2021. Underestimated diversity of Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) on karst landscapes in Sarawak, East Malaysia, Borneo. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 13, 7 (Jun. 2021), 18792–18799. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.7195.13.7.18792-18799.
Section
Communications

References

Bennett, L. (2017). Deforestation and Climate Change. The Climate Institute, Washington, D.C., 16pp.

Das, I. & M.A. Bauer (1998). Systematics and biogeography of Bornean geckos of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae), with the description of a new species. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 46(1): 11–28.

Dring, J.C.M. (1979). Amphibians and reptiles from northern Terengganu, Malaysia, with descriptions of two new geckos: Cnemaspis and Cyrtodactylus. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Zoology) 34: 181–241.

Ellis, M. & O.S.G. Pauwels (2012). The bent-toed geckos (Cyrtodactylus) of the caves and karst of Thailand. Cave and Karst Science 39: 16–22.

Gamble, T., E. Greenbaum, T.R. Jackman, A.P. Russel & A.M. Bauer (2012). Repeated origin and loss of adhesive toepads in geckos. PLoS One 7(6): 1–10.

Gendang, R.A., A.S. Hasyim & D. Johari (2008). Geochemistry of the limestone resources in Sarawak. Minerals and Geoscience Department, Malaysia, 133–140pp.

Gray, J. E. (1845). Catalogue of the Specimens of Lizards in the British Museum. British Museum (Natural History), London, xxviii+289pp.

Grismer, L.L. & K.O. Chan (2009). A new species of karst dwelling Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Sarawak, Borneo. Zootaxa 2246: 21–31.

Grismer, L.L., P.L.J. Wood, S. Anuar, A. Riyanto, N. Ahmad, M.A. Muin, M. Sumontha, J.L. Grismer, K.O. Chan, E.S.H. Quah & O.S.G. Pauwels (2014). Systematics and natural history of Southeast Asian rock geckos (genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887) with description of eight new species from Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia. Zootaxa 3880: 1–147.

Grismer, L.L., P.J.L. Wood, E.S.H. Quah, S. Anuar, E. Ngadi & N. Ahmad (2015). A new insular species of Rock Gecko (Cnemaspis Boulenger) from Pulau Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 3985(2): 203–218.

Iskandar, D.T., J.A. McGuire & T. Amarasinghe (2017). Description of five new day geckos of Cnemaspis kandiana group (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Sumatera and Mentawai Archipelago, Indonesia. Journal of Herpetology 51(1): 142–153.

Karin, B.R., E.S. Freitas, S. Shonleben, L.L. Grismer, A.M. Bauer & I. Das (2018). Unrealized diversity in an urban rainforest: A new species of Lygosoma (Squamata: Scincidae) from western Sarawak, Malaysia (Borneo). Zootaxa 4370: 345–362. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4370.4.2

Kurita, T., K. Nishikawa, M. Matsui & T. Hikida (2017). A new species of rock gecko genus Cnemaspis (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from western Sarawak. Zootaxa 4256(6): 525–538.

Schilthuizen, M. (2004). Land snail conservation in Borneo: limestone outcrops act as arks. Journal of Conchology 3:149–155.

Smith, M.A. (1925). Contributions to the herpetology of Borneo. Sarawak Museum Journal 3: 15–34.

Uetz, P., P. Freed & J. Hošek (eds.) (2021). The Reptile Database, http://www.reptile-database.org, accessed 10 February 2021.

Wood, J.P.L., L.L. Grismer, A. Aowphol, C.A. Anguilar, M. Cota, M.S. Grismer, M.L. Murdoch & J.J.W. Sites (2017). Three new karst-dwelling Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Peninsular Thailand and the phylogenetic placement of C. punctatonuchalis and C. vandeventeri. PeerJ 5: e5884. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2884