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Thirty-three species of gilled fungi belonging to 23 genera and 14 families were recorded from Puducherry, southern India. Agaricaceae were represented by eight species, followed by Psathyrellaceae (5), Lyophyllaceae & Marasmiaceae (3 each), Hymenogastraceae, Pleurotaceae, Pluteaceae, & Polyporaceae (2 each), and Biannulariaceae, Bolbitiaceae, Omphalotaceae, Schizophyllaceae, Strophariaceae, & Tricholomataceae (1 each). Fourteen species of agarics are new reports from Puducherry. Chlorophyllum rhacodes, Lactocollybia epia, Leucoagaricus meleagris, and Schizophyllum commune were widely distributed. Phylogenetic relationships of the abundant species C. rhacodes, L. epia, and L. meleagris were inferred by maximum likelihood method.
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