First report of three species of the genus Diaphanosoma (Crustacea: Cladocera: Sididae) from Jammu waters (J&K), India

Main Article Content

Nidhi Sharma
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4306-8350
Sarbjeet Kour

Abstract

Cladocera, commonly known as ‘water flea’ due to the jerky movements produced by their second antennae, form an important food component for planktivorous fishes and other aquatic invertebrates. The present investigation comprising a collection of zooplankton samples from a shallow pond located in the Bishnah tehsil of Jammu district has revealed the presence of 13 Cladocera species belonging to the families Daphniidae, Chydoridae, Moinidae, Sididae, and Macrothricidae. Three species of the family Sididae belonging to the genus Diaphanosoma, namely, senegal, sarsi and excisum are new species records to the cladoceran fauna of Jammu & Kashmir. Presently, a detailed morphological analysis has been made on all the three Diaphanosoma species. They have shown major differences in their body size with D. senegal being larger than D. sarsi and D. excisum. All three species have well observable variability with reference to their head size, eye size, shell duplicature, shape of posterior valve margin, and the number of denticles so present on posterior valve margin. All the three species have also shown coexistence with each other, but D. senegal was dominant in terms of population density.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Sharma, N. and Kour, S. 2021. First report of three species of the genus Diaphanosoma (Crustacea: Cladocera: Sididae) from Jammu waters (J&K), India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 13, 9 (Aug. 2021), 19324–19337. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.6604.13.9.19324-19337.
Section
Communications

References

Adoni, A.D. (1985). Work Book on limnology. Pratibha Publishers, Sagar, 126pp.

Arruda, J.A., G.R. Marzolf & R.T. Faulk (1983). The role of suspended sediments in the nutrition of zooplankton in turbid reservoirs. Ecology 64: 1225–1235. https://doi.org/10.2307/1937831

Baird, W. (1860). Description of two new species of entomostracus crustacean from India. Proceeding of Zoological Society of London 28: 231 ̶ 234.

Battish, S.K. (1992). Freshwater zooplankton of India. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt .Ltd, New Delhi, 233pp.

Battish, S.K. & P. Kumari (1986). Effect of physic-chemical factors on the seasonal abundance of Cladocera in typical pond at village of Raqba, Ludhiana (India). Indian Journal of Ecology 13: 146 ̶ 151.

Bogdan, K.G. & J.J. Gilbert (1984). Body size and food size in freshwater zooplankton. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 81: 6427–6431. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.81.20.6427

Bogdan, K.G. & J.J. Gilbert (1987). Quantitative comparison of food niches in some freshwater zooplankton. A multi-tracer-cell approach. Oecologia 72: 331–340. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00377560

Brehm, V. (1952). Diaphanosomahydrocephalusnov. spec. eineeigenartigeSididaeaus Vorder-Indien. Zoologischer Anzeiger 149: 138–140.

Bronmark, C. & L.A. Hansson (1998). The Biology of Lakes and Ponds. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Chatterjee, T., A. Alexey, D.K.V. Kotov, S.V.A. Chandrasekhar & S. Padhye (2013). An annotated checklist of the Cladocera (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) from India. Zootaxa 3667(1): 001–089. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3667.1.1

Chatterji, A., Z.A. Ansari, J.K. Mishra, P. Rattan & A.H. Parulekar (1995). Occurence of Diaphanosoma excisum (Sars) on a sandy beach at Balramgari (Orissa), India. Hydrobiologia 310: 157 ̶ 161. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00015534

DeMott, W.R. (1982). Feeding selectivities and relative ingestion rates of Daphnia and Bosmina. Limnology and Oceanography 27: 518 –527. https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.1982.27.3.0518

Dumont, H.J. (1994). On the diversity of the Cladocera in the tropics. Hydrobiologia 272: 27 ̶ 38. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0884-3_3

Edmondson, W.T. (1992). Fresh Water Biology. (2nd edition), International Books and Periodicals Supply Service.

Fernando, C.H. & A. Kanduru (1984). Some Remarks on the latitudional distribution of Cladocera on the Indian Subcontinent. Hydrobiologia 113: 69 ̶ 76. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-3612-1_4

Fischer, S. (1850). Ergänzungen, Berichtungen und Fortsetzungzu der Abhandlungüber die in der Umgebung von St. Petersburg Vorcommenden. Crustaceenaus der Ordnung der Branchiopoden und Entomostraceen. Memoires de l’ Academie des Sciences de St. Petersburg 7: 1–14.

Gauthier, H. (1951). Contribution a l’etude de la faune des eauxdouces au Senegal (Entomostraces). Minerva, Alger, 172pp.

Geller, W. & H. Muller (1981). The filtration apparatus of Cladocera: filter mesh-sizes and their importance on food selectivity. Oecologia 49: 316–321.

Guerne, J.D. & J. Richard (1896). Diaptomus blanci, Copépode nouveau recueilli par M. Edouard Blanc à Boukhara (Turkestan). Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France 21: 53–56.

Gupta, S. (2002). Studies on the diversity of Cladocerans in lake Mansar, Jammu. MPhil Dissertation, University of Jammu, Jammu.

Gurney, R. (1916). On some freshwater Entomostraca from Ceylon. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London I: 333–343.

Han, B.P., J. Yin, X. Lin & H.J. Dumont (2011). Why is Diaphanosoma (Crustacea: Ctenopoda) so common in tropics? Influence of temperature and food on the population parameters of Diaphanosoma dubium, and a hypothesis on the nature of tropical Cladocerans. Hydrobiologia 668: 109 ̶ 115. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-010-0501-7

Hart, R.C. (1986). Zooplankton abundance, community structure and dynamics in relation to inorganic turbidity, and their implications for a potential fishery in subtropical Lake le Roux, South Africa. Freshwater Biology 16: 351–171. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1986.tb00976.x

Hart, R.C. (1988). Zooplankton feeding rates in relation to suspended sediment content: potential influences on com- munity structure in a turbid reservoir. Freshwater Biology 19: 123–139. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1988.tb00334.x

Hoyer, M.V. & J.R. Jones (1983). Factors affecting the relation between phosphorus and chlorophyll a in mid- western reservoirs. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 40: 192–199. https://doi.org/10.1139/f83-029

Jurine, L. (1820). Histoire des Monocies, quise trouvent aux environs de Genève. Paschoud, Genf & Paris, 260pp.

King, R.L. (1853). On Australian Entomostraca—in continuation. Papers and Proceedings of Royal Society of Tasmania 2: 253–263.

Kirk, J.T.O. (1985). Effects of suspensoids (turbidity) on penetration of solar radiation in aquatic ecosystems. Hydrobiologia 125: 195–208. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00045935

Kirk, K.L. & J.J. Gilbert (1990). Suspended clay and the population dynamics of planktonic Rotifers and Cladocerans. Ecological Society of America 71(5): 1741–1755. https://doi.org/10.2307/1937582

Korovchinsky, N.M. (1986). On the taxonomy and geographical distribution of the superfamily Sidoidea Baird, 1850 (Crustacea: Cladocera). Hydrobiologia 140: 243 ̶ 253.

Korovchinsky, N.M. (1991). The second record of Diaphanosoma senegal Gauthier, 1951 (Crustacea: Daphniiformes: Sididae) in Africa, with a redescription of the species and ecological and distributional sets. Hydrobiologia 222: 187–196. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00016158

Korovchinsky, N.M. (1992). Sididae & Holopididae (Crustacea: Daphniiformes). Guide to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World. 3. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, 82pp.

Korovchinsky, N.M. (1993). Description of the male, analysis of morphological variability and geographical distribution of Diaphanosoma senegal Gauthier, 1951. Hydrobiologia 259: 9–16. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00005960

Korovchinsky, N.M. (2004). Cladocerans of the order Ctenopoda of the world fauna (morphology, systematics, ecology, biogeography). KMK Press, Moscow, 410pp.

Korovchinsky, N.M. & L.O. Sanoamuang (2008). Diaphanosoma senegal Gauthier, 1951 (Crustacea: Cladocera: Sididae) in South-East Asia. Zootaxa 1695: 53–60. https://doi.org/10.11646/ZOOTAXA.1695.1.3

Michael, R.G. & B.K. Sharma (1988). Fauna of India, Indian Cladocera. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta.

Müller, O.F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae Prodromus, seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae Indigenarum characteres, nomina et synonyma imprimis popularium. Typis Hallageriis, Havniae, 274pp.

Müller, O.F. (1785). Entomostraca seu Insecta Testacea, quae in aquis Daniae et Norvegiae reperit, descripsit et iconibus illustravit. Sumtibus J.G. Mülleriani, Lipsiae et Havniae, 135pp.

Murugan, N., P. Murugavel & M.S. Kodarkar (1998). Cladocera: The biology, classification, identification and ecology. Indian Association of Aquatic Biologists, Hyderabad.

Naik, G., M.H. Balkhi, F.A. Bhat & M. Rashid (2017). Comparative study of present and past Cladoceran diversity of Manasbal lake of Kashmir (India). Journal of Fisheries Sciences 11(1): 062 ̶ 068.

Pagano, M. (2008). Feeding of tropical cladocerans (Moina micrura, Diaphanosoma excisum) and rotifer (Brachionus calyciflorus) on natural phytoplankton: effect of phytoplankton size– structure. Journal of Plankton Research 30(4): 401–414. https://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbn014

Pandit, A.K., J.A. Shah & G.M. Shah (2016). Research trends in Cladoceran diversity from Kashmir Himalaya. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, India 86(2): 239 ̶ 246. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40011-014-0480-y

Pennak, R.W. (1978). Freshwater invertebrates of United States 2nd Ed. John Willey Sons Inc., New York.

Richard, J. (1894). Entomostracesrecueillis par M.E. Modigliani dans le lac Toba (Sumatra). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 14: 565 ̶ 578.

Sars G.O. (1862). Hr. studios. Medic. G.O. Sars fortsatte sit Foredrag over de af ham i Omegnen af Christiania iagttagne Crustacea cladocera. Forhandlinger i Videnskabs–Selskabet i Christiania 1861: 250–302.

Sars, G.O. (1885). On some Australian Cladocera, raised from dried mud. ForhandlingeriVidenskabs- Selskabeti Christiana 1 ̶ 46.

Sharma, B.K. & R.G. Michael (1987). Review of taxonomic studies on freshwater Cladocera from India with remarks on biogeography. Hydrobiologia 145: 29 ̶ 33.

Sharma, B.K. & S. Sharma (2008). Zooplankton diversity in floodplain lakes of Assam. Records of Zoological survey of India 290: 141 ̶ 307.

Sharma, K.K. & S. Chandrakiran (2011). Comparative analysis of Cladoceran communities from three subtropical freshwater ponds of Jammu: Patterns, composition and Diversity. The Bioscan 6(2): 233–237.

Sharma, K.K., S. Kour & S. Gupta (2005). Distributional pattern of Cladoceran in subtropical lake, Mansar, J&K. National Journal of Life Sciences 2(12): 23 ̶ 26.

Sharma, K.K. & S. Kotwal (2011). Studies on diversity and dynamics of Cladocera in a subtropical Sungal pond Akhnoor (J&K). The Bioscan 6(4): 623 ̶ 625

Shiel, R.J. (1985). Zooplankton of the Darling River system, Australia. Internationale Vereinigung fur theoretische und angewandte Limnologie, Verhandlungen 32: 2136–2140. https://doi.org/10.1080/03680770.1983.11897637

Sterner, R.W. (1989). The role of grazers in phytoplankton succession, pp. 107–170. In: Sommer, U. (ed.), Plankton Ecology: Succession in Plankton Communities. Springer Verlag, Berlin. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-74890-5_4

Tessier, A.J. (1986). Comparative population regulation of two planktonic Cladocera (Holopediurn gibberum and Daphnia catawba). Ecology 67: 285–302. https://doi.org/10.2307/1938573

Threlkeld, S.T. (1986). Life table responses and population dynamics of four cladoceran zooplankton during a reservoir flood. Journal of Plankton Research. 8: 634–647. https://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/8.4.639

Venkataraman, K. & S. Krishnaswamy (1984). A new record of Diaphanosoma senegalensis Gauthier, 1951 (Cladocera, Sididae) from Madurai, South India. Current Science 53(19): 1041–1042.

Venkataraman, K. (1991). Freshwater Cladocera of Little Andaman. Journal of the Andaman Science Association 7(2): 43 ̶ 49.

Venkataraman, K. (1992). Cladocera of Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur and its environs. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 89: 17 ̶ 26.

Venkataraman, K. (2000). Freshwater Cladocera (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 97: 67 ̶ 73.

Yousuf, A.R. & M.Y. Qadri (1981). Ecology of Diaphanosoma brachyurum Lieven (Cladocera: Crustacea) in lake Manasbal, Kashmir. Journal of Indian Institute of Sciences 63(C): 35 ̶ 42.