Descriptions of the early stages of Vagrans egista sinha (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) with notes on its host plant Xylosma longifolia Clos from the western Himalaya of India

Main Article Content

Pranav Gokhale
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7986-1588
M.A. Yathumon
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5476-0035

Abstract

Distribution, life history stages, and status of Vagrans egista sinha (Kollar, 1844) in western Himalaya are presented. It is for the first time that this butterfly is reported on Xylosma longifolia Clos from Dehradun, Uttarakhand (India). 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Gokhale, P. and Yathumon, M. 2021. Descriptions of the early stages of Vagrans egista sinha (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) with notes on its host plant Xylosma longifolia Clos from the western Himalaya of India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 13, 8 (Jul. 2021), 19144–19148. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.6441.13.8.19144-19148.
Section
Short Communications

References

Bascombe, M., F. Bascombe & G. Johnston (1999). The Butterflies of Hong Kong. Academic Press, London, 422pp.

Bingham, C.T. (1905). The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma — butterflies. Vol I. Taylor and Francis, London, 528pp.

Corbet, A.S. & H.M. Pendlebury (1992). The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. 4th edition revised by Eliot, J.N. Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.

D’Abrera, B. (1985). Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part II. Nymphalidae, Satyridae & Amathusidae. Hill House, Melbourne, 534pp.

Evans, W.H. (1932). The Identification of Indian Butterflies—2nd Edition. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, 454pp.

Gokhale, P. (2020). Vagrans egista (Cramer, [1780]) – Vagrant. Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, & P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.88. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.http://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/sp/908/Vagrans-egista. Electronic version accessed 8 July 2020.

Igarashi, S. & H. Fukuda (1997). The Life Histories of Asian Butterflies. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, 572pp.

Johnston, G. & B. Johnston (1980). This is Hong Kong: Butterflies. Hong Kong Government Publication, 224pp.

Kirti, J.S., D. Mehra & A.K. Sidhu (2016). Vagrans egista sinha (Kollar, 1844) (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae): range extension and an addition to the butterfly fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Check List 12(4): 1–3.

Kumar, A., S. Kushwaha & A. Namdev (2020). First record of Vagrant Vagrans egista sinha from Uttar Pradesh, India. Bugs R All #185, In: Zoo’s Print 35(4): 12–14.

Orr, A. & R. Kitching (2010). The Butterflies of Australia. Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest, 336pp.

Robinson, G.S., P.R. Ackery, I.J. Kitching, G.W. Beccaloni & L.M. Hernández (2010). HOSTS - A Database of the World’s Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London.

Sankowsky, G. (2014). Unusual egg laying strategies of some Lepidoptera. Metamorphosis Australia (73): 17–21.

Sankowsky, G. (2020). Field Guide to Butterflies of Australia. New Holland Publishers, Sydeny, 400pp.

Singh, A.P. & S. Sondhi (2016). Butterflies of Garhwal, Uttarakhand, western Himalaya, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(4): 8666–8697. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2254.8.4.8666-8697

Sisodia, A. & R. Naidu (2019). Extension of the known distribution of the Vagrant butterfly Vagrans egista (Cramer, [1780]) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) to Bastar, Chhattisgarh. BIONOTES 21(1).

Smetacek, P. (2012). Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperoidea) and other protected fauna of Jones Estate, a dying watershed in the Kumaon Himalaya, Uttarakhand, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(9): 2857–2874. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3020.2857-74

Sondhi, S. & K. Kunte (2018). Butterflies of Uttarakhand – A Field Guide. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (Dehradun), Titli Trust (Dehradun), National Centre for Biological Sciences (Bengaluru), and Indian Foundation for Butterflies (Bengaluru), 310pp.

Vane-Wright, R.I. & R. de Jong (2003). The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island fauna. Zoologische Verhandelingen 343: 3–267.

Wynter-Blyth, M.A. (1957). Butterflies of the Indian Region. The Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, 523pp.