Main Article Content
Aarey Milk Colony (AMC) is 16km2 of forested area, acts as a buffer to the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai. It has gardens, lakes, recreation spots, and a nursery. It also harbors 32 cattle farms, animal husbandry centers. Apart from urbanization and forest degradation, this forest harbors great biodiversity which includes the leopard as a top predator and also lesser-known species of amphibians, reptiles, and arthropods. Considering ants as important bio indicators and the vulnerability of AMC to development plans, a study on the diversity of ants was conducted from January 2016 to May 2016. Four methods were used for data collection of ants—pitfall trap, line-transect, quadrate, and all-out search. A total of 35 species under 24 genera under six subfamilies– Myrmicinae, Formicinae, Ponerinae, Dolichoderinae, Pseudomyrmecinae, and Cerapachyinae were recorded during this study. The Simpson’s diversity index (0.88) for the pit fall trap indicates that the diversity of ants in the AMC is fairly high. This increases the importance of this forest land which is presently facing a mass destruction of trees.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27220.127.116.1153-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Abril, S. & C. Gomez (2013). Rapid assessment of ant assemblages in public pine forests of the central Iberian Peninsula. Forest Ecology and Management 293: 79–84.
Andersen, A., B.D. Hoffman, W.J. Muller & A.D. Griffiths (2002). Using Ants as Bioindicators in Land management: Simplifying Assessment of Ant Community Responses. Journal of applied Ecology 39(1): 8–17.
Bharti, H., Y.P. Sharma & A. Kaur (2009). Seasonal patterns of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Punjab Shivalik. Haltere 1: 36–47.
Bharti, H. (2011). List of Indian Ants. Halteres 2: 79–87.
Bingham, C.T. (1903). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. ll. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506pp.
Gadagkar, R., P. Nair, C. Chandrashekhara & D.M. Bhat (1993). Ant species richness and diversity in some selected localities in Western Ghats, India. Hexapoda 5(2) : 79–94.
http://antweb.org/ ( visited June 2016; Revisited 20th June 2020)
http://www.antwiki.org/ (visited June 2016; Revisited 20 June 2020)
Jonathan, D.M. (1983). Ants: Bio-indicators of minesite rehabilitation, land-use, and land conservation. Environmental Management 7(4): 375–383.
Jonathan, D.M., G. Oraby & L. Bisevac (2007). Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) pass the bioindicator scorecard. Myrmecological News 10: 69–76.
Kharbani, H. & S.R. Hajong (2013). Seasonal patterns in ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) activity in a forest habitat of the West Khasi Hills, Meghalaya, India. Asian Myrmecology 5: 103–112.
Khot, K., G. Quadros & V.U. Somani (2013). Ant diversity in an urban garden at Mumbai, Maharashtra, pp. 121–125. Proceedings of the National Conference of Biodiversity: Status and Challenges in Conservation.
Mathew, R. & R.N. Tiwari (2000). Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae Zoological Survey of India, State Fauna Series 4: Fauna of Meghalaya Part-7: 251–409pp.
Mirza, Z. & R. Sanap (2010). Biodiversity of Aarey Milk Colony and Film City (2007–2009). A report submitted to the Government of Maharashtra and the Forest Department of Maharashtra, 51pp.
Narendra, A. & M.S. Kumar (2006). On Trail with Ants. A Handbook of the Ants of Peninsular India. Self published, 193pp.
Quadros, G., G. Gurav, K. Bhagat, A. Chorghe, A. Dhamorikar, K. Khot & M. Nagarkar (2009). Report on the Study of the Biodiversity of Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Campus. By WWF-India MSO for IIT Bombay, 158pp.
Stephens, S.S. & M.R. Wagner (2006). Using Ground Foraging Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Functional Groups as Bioindicators of Forest Health in Northern Arizona Ponderosa Pine Forests. Environmental Entomology 35(4): 937–949
Underwood, E.C. & B.L. Fisher (2006). The role of ants in conservation monitoring: If, when and how. Biological conservation 132: 166–182.
Wilson, E.O. (1990). Success and Dominance in Ecosystems: The Case of the Social Insects. In: Kinne, O. (Ed.). Excellence in Ecology. Vol. 2. Ecology Institute, Oldendorf/Luhe, Germany, 104pp+15figs.