Updating records of a threatened felid species of the Argentinian Patagonia: the Guigna Leopardus guigna (Molina, 1782) (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) in Los Alerces National Park

Main Article Content

Maria de las Mercedes Guerisoli
Mauro Ignacio Schiaffini
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5713-5481
Gabriel Bauer

Abstract

The Guigna Leopardus guigna is an endemic felid of the Valdivian Temperate Forests in Argentina and Chile, and of the Chilean Matorral ecoregion.  It is a small-sized felid (1.6–2.5 kg), one of the least known wild felids, and categorized as Vulnerable to extinction.  Here, we present two new reliable records in Los Alerces National Park, Chubut Province, Argentina, the southernmost protected area, in which the species is present. The first record is an individual found dead on 6 June 2019 on the bank of Frey River near Amutui Quimei Lake.  The second record was an individual casually captured in an American Mink Neovison vison cage on 7 December 2019 near Menéndez Lake.  Both records were in forested Nothofagus sites very nearby to watercourses.  In order to maintain viable long-term Guigna populations, corridors between protected areas should be established, particularly in habitat dominated by human presence and activities.  We strongly recommend further fieldwork in protected areas and between them to increase the knowledge about the distribution, habitat use, and ecology of the Guigna.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Guerisoli, M. de las M., Schiaffini, M.I. and Bauer, G. 2020. Updating records of a threatened felid species of the Argentinian Patagonia: the Guigna Leopardus guigna (Molina, 1782) (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) in Los Alerces National Park. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 12, 16 (Dec. 2020), 17252–17257. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.6208.12.16.17252-17257.
Section
Short Communications

References

Acosta, G. & M. Lucherini (2008). Leopardus guigna. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T15311A4512594. Downloaded on 1 April 2020.

Acosta-Jamett, G. & J.A. Simonetti (2004). Habitat use by Oncifelis guigna and Pseudalopex culpaeus in a fragmented forest landscape in central Chile. Biodiversity and Conservation 13: 1135–1151. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:BIOC.0000018297.93657.7d

APN (1997). Plan preliminar de manejo Parque Nacional Los Alerces. Administración de Parques Nacionales, Bariloche, Argentina, 87pp.

APN (2019). Plan de gestión del Parque Nacional Los Alerces 2019-2029. Administración de Parques Nacionales, Bariloche, Argentina, 243pp.

Correa, P. & A. Roa (2005). Relaciones tróficas entre Oncifelis guigna, Lycalopex culpaeus, Lycalopex griseus and Tyto alba en un ambiente fragmentado de la zona central de Chile. Mastozoología Neotropical 12(1): 57–60.

Cuyckens, G.A., M.M. Morales & M.F. Tognelli (2015). Assessing the distribution of a Vulnerable felid species: threats from human land use and climate change to the Kodkod Leopardus guigna. Oryx 49(4): 611–618. https://doi.org/10.1017/S003060531300135X

Delibes-Mateos, M., F. Díaz-Ruiz, J. Caro & P. Ferreras (2014). Activity patterns of the vulnerable Guiña (Leopardus guigna) and its main prey in the Valdivian rainforest of southern Chile. Mammalian Biology 79(6): 393–397. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2014.04.006

Dinerstein, E., D. Olson, A. Joshi, C. Vynne, N.D. Burgess, E. Wikramanayake, N. Hahn, S. Palminteri, P. Hedao, R. Noss & M. Hansen (2017). An ecoregion-based approach to protecting half the terrestrial realm. BioScience 67(6): 534–545. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/bix014

Dunstone, N., L. Durbin, I. Wyllie, R. Freer, G.A. Jamett, M. Mazzoli & S. Rose (2002). Spatial organization, ranging behavior and habitat use of the Kodkod (Oncifelis guigna) in southern Chile. Journal of Zoology of London 257(1): 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0952836902000602a

Estades, C.F., A.A. Grez & J.A. Simonetti (2012). Biodiversity in Monterey pine plantations, pp. 77–98. In: Simonetti, J.A., A.A. Grez & C.F. Estades (eds.). Biodiversity conservation in agroforestry landscapes: challenges and opportunities. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago, Chile, 154pp.

Figueroa, R.A., E.S. Corales & J.R. Rau (2018). Prey of the Güiña (Leopardus guigna) in an Andean mixed southern beech forest, southern Chile. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 53(3): 211–218. https://doi.org/10.1080/01650521.2018.1477032

Freer, R.A. (2004). The spatial ecology of the Guina (Oncifelis guigna) in Southern Chile. PhD Thesis, Durham University, Durham, 219pp.

Gálvez, N., F. Hernández, J. Laker, H. Gilabert, R. Petitpas, C. Bonacic, A. Gimona, A. Hester & D.W. MacDonald (2013). Forest cover outside protected areas plays an important role in the conservation of the Vulnerable Guiña Leopardus guigna. Oryx 47(2): 251–258. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605312000099

Gálvez, N., G. Guillera‐Arroita, F.A. St. John, E. Schüttler, D.W. Macdonald & Z.G. Davies (2018). A spatially integrated framework for assessing socioecological drivers of carnivore decline. Journal of Applied Ecology 55(3): 1393–1405. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13072

Martín, C. & C. Chehébar (2001). The national parks of Argentinian Patagonia – management policies for conservation, public use, rural settlements, and indigenous communities. Journal of The Royal Society of New Zealand 31(4): 845–864. https://doi.org/10.1080/03014223.2001.9517680

Molina, G.I. (1782). La Guigna Felis guigna. P. 295 in: Saggio sulla storia naturale de Chili. Stamperia di S. Tommaso d’Aquino, Bologna, Italy, 367pp.

Monteverde, M., M.M. Morales, E. Cuyckens & M. Lucherini (2019). Leopardus guigna. In: Secretaría de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable de la Nación y Sociedad Argentina para el Estudio de los Mamíferos (eds.). Categorización 2019 de los mamíferos de Argentina según su riesgo de extinción. Lista Roja de los mamíferos de Argentina. Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible Argentina, Sociedad Argentina para el Estudio de los Mamiféros. Electronic version at https://cma.sarem.org.ar/es/especie-nativa/leopardus-guigna accessed on 1 April 2020.

Mora, M., C. Napolitano, R. Ortega, E. Poulin & J. Pizarro-Lucero (2015). Feline Immunodeficiency Virus and Feline Leukemia Virus infection in free-ranging Guignas (Leopardus guigna) and sympatric Domestic Cats in human perturbed landscapes on Chiloé Island, Chile. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 51(1): 199–208. https://doi.org/10.7589/2014-04-114

Moreira-Arce, D., P.M. Vergara, S. Boutin, J.A. Simonetti, C. Briceño & G. Acosta-Jamett (2015). Native forest replacement by exotic plantations triggers changes in prey selection of mesocarnivores. Biological Conservation 192: 258–267. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.09.015

Napolitano, C., W.E. Johnson, J. Sanderson, S.J. O’Brien, A.R. Hoelzel, R. Freer, N. Dunstone, K. Ritland, C.E. Ritland & E. Poulin (2014). Phylogeography and population history of Leopardus guigna, the smallest American felid. Conservation Genetics 15(3): 631–653. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-014-0566-3

Napolitano, C., N. Gálvez, M. Bennett, G. Acosta-Jamett & J. Sanderson (2015). Leopardus guigna. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T15311A50657245. Downloaded on 8 May 2020. https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T15311A50657245.en

Nowell, K. & P. Jackson (1996). Kodkod Oncifelis guigna (Molina, 1782). Pp. 115–116 in Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, 406pp.

Saavedra, B. & J.A. Simonetti (2005). Small mammals of Maulino forest remnants, a vanishing ecosystem of south-central Chile. Mammalia 69(3-4): 337–348. https://doi.org/10.1515/mamm.2005.027

Sanderson, J., M.E. Sunquist & A.W. Iriarte (2002). Natural history and landscape-use of Guignas (Oncifelis guigna) on isla grande de Chiloé, Chile. Journal of Mammalogy 83: 608–613. https://doi.org/10.1644/1545-1542(2002)083<0608:NHALUO>2.0.CO;2

SIB (2020a). Leopardus guigna. In: Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad de la Administración de Parques Nacionales, Argentina. Electronic version at https://sib.gob.ar/especies/leopardus-guigna accessed on 1 April 2020.

SIB (2020b). Parque Nacional Los Alerces. In: Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad de la Administración de Parques Nacionales, Argentina. Electronic version at https://sib.gob.ar/index.html#!/area-protegida/parque-nacional-los-alerces accessed on 01 April 2020.

Simonetti, J.A., A.A. Grez & C.F. Estades (2013). Providing habitat for native mammals through understory enhancement in forestry plantations. Conservation Biology 27(5): 1117–1121. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12129

Sunquist, M.E. & F. Sunquist (2002). Kodkod Oncifelis guigna (Molina, 1782), pp. 211–214 in: Wild Cats of the World. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ilinois, 452pp.

Sunquist, M.E. & F.C. Sunquist (2009). Family Felidae, pp. 54–168 in: Wilson, D.E. & A. Mittermeier (eds.). Handbook of the mammals of the world. 1. Carnivores. Lynx Editions, Barcelona, 728pp.

Tecklin, D., D.A. DellaSala, F. Luebert & P. Pliscoff (2011). Valdivian temperate rainforests of Chile and Argentina. Pp. 132–153 in: DellaSala, D.A. (ed.) Temperate and boreal rainforests of the world: ecology and conservation. Island Press, Washington, DC, 298pp.