A preliminary checklist of moths (Lepidoptera: Heterocera) from Gangajalghati, Bankura, West Bengal, India

Main Article Content

Ananya Nayak

Abstract

The present study was conducted at Gangajalghati, a village near the forest of Bankura district from West Bengal that has a tropical wet and dry climate where moth diversity has not been explored before. The village was surveyed between January 2016 and December 2018. The present study has recorded a total of 1,328 individual moths belonging to 13 families, 31 subfamilies, 80 genera, and 90 species. Three species—Condylorrhiza diniasalis (Walker, 1859), Argyrocosma inductaria (Guenée, 1858), and Oraesia emarginata (Fabricius, 1794)—are reported for the first time from West Bengal and Eublemma roseonivea (Walker, 1863) shows its westernmost distribution in West Bengal, India. It was earlier reported from India (Assam), China, Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaya, and Borneo.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Nayak, A. 2021. A preliminary checklist of moths (Lepidoptera: Heterocera) from Gangajalghati, Bankura, West Bengal, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 13, 9 (Aug. 2021), 19310–19323. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.6037.13.9.19310-19323.
Section
Communications

References

Ades, G.W.J. & R.C. Kendrick (2004). Checklist of Hongkong moths. In: Hongkong Fauna: A Checklist of selected taxa. Fauna Conservation Department, Kadoorie farm and Botanic Garden Corporation, Hong Kong, 99pp.

Arora, G.S. (2000). Studies on some Indian pyralid species of economic importance. Part I. Crambinae, Schoenobiinae, Nymphulinae, Phycitinae and Galleriinae (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper No. 181. Director, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 149pp.

Bates, A.J., J.P. Sadler, D. Grundy, N. Lowe, G. Davis, D. Baker, M. Bridge, R. Freestone, D. Gardner, C. Gibson, R. Hemming, S. Howarth, S. Orridge, M. Shaw, T. Tams & H. Young (2014). Garden and landscape-scale correlates of moths of differing conservation status: significant effects of urbanization and habitat diversity. Plos One 9(1): e86925. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086925

Bell, T.R.D. & F.B. Scott (1937). Fauna of British India, including Ceyon and Burma. Moths–Volume 5, Sphingidae. Taylor and Francis, London, 537pp + 15 pls.

Bhattacharya, D.P. (1997a). Insecta: Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae, pp. 225–246. In: Director, Zoological Survey of India (ed.). State Fauna Series 3: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 7. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 793pp.

Bhattacharya, D.P. (1997b). Insecta: Lepidoptera: Pyralidae, pp. 319–408. In: Director, Zoological Survey of India (ed.). State Fauna Series 3: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 7. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 793pp.

Biswas, O., S. Shah, S. Roy, B. Modak, B. Panja, U. Chakraborti & B. Mitra (2017a). Additions to the Moth fauna of Sunderban biosphere Reserve, India. Bionotes 19(2): 58–59.

Biswas, O., S.K. Shah, B.K. Modak & B. Mitra (2017b). Description of one new species of genus Ramila Moore, 1867 (Lepidoptera: Crambidae: Schoenobiinae) from Indian Sunderbans with a revised key to the Indian species. Oriental insects 51(4): 1–8.

Butler, L., V. Kondo, E.M. Barrows & E.C. Townsend (1999). Effects of Weather Conditions and Trap Types on Sampling for Richness and Abundance of Forest Macrolepidoptera, Environmental Entomology 28(5): 795–811. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/28.5.795

Das, S. (2017). Delineation of groundwater potential zone in hard rock terrain in Gangajalghati block, Bankura district, India using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment 3: 1589–1599. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40808-017-0396-7

Das, S. & K Gupta (2019). Soil survey to support land use/land cover planning in BPS and BPM region in Gangajalghati block, West Bengal, India. Spatial Information Research 27: 573–586. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41324-019-00257-1

Ghosh, S.K. & M. Chaudhury (1997a). Insecta: Lepidoptera: Arctiidae, pp. 247-273. In: Director, Zoological Survey of India (ed.). State Fauna Series 3: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 7. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 793pp.

Ghosh, S.K. & M. Chaudhury (1997b). Insecta: Lepidoptera: Ctexiuchidae and Hypsidae, pp. 689-704. In: Director, Zoological Survey of India (ed.). State Fauna Series 3: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 7. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 793pp.

Green, M.J.B., R. How, U.K.G.K. Padmalal & S.R.B. Dissanayake (2009). The importance of monitoring biological diversity and its application in Sri Lanka. Tropical Ecology 50(1): 41–56.

Gupta, I.J. (1997). Insecta: Lepidoptera: Saturniidae, pp. 409-428. In: Director, Zoological Survey of India (ed.). State Fauna Series 3: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 7. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 793pp.

Hampson, G.F. (1892). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Moths-Volume 1, Saturniidae to Hypsidae. Taylor and Francis, London, 527pp+333figs.

Hampson, G.F. (1894). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Moths-Volume 2, Arctiidae, Agrostidae, Noctuidae. Taylor and Francis, London, 609pp+325figs.

Hampson, G.F. (1895). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Moths-Volume 3, Noctuidae (cont.) to Geometridae. Taylor and Francis, London, 546pp+226figs.

Hampson, G.F. (1896). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Moths-Volume 4. Pyralidae. Taylor and Francis, London, 594pp+287figs.

Haruta, T. (ed.) (1992). Moths of Nepal, Part 1, Tinea. 13 (Supplement 2). Japan Heterocerists’ Society, Tokyo, 122pp+109figs+32pls.

Haruta, T. (ed.) (1993). Moths of Nepal, Part 2, Tinea. 13 (Supplement 3). Japan Heterocerists’ Society, Tokyo, 160pp+221figs+32pls.

Haruta, T. (ed.) (1994). Moths of Nepal, Part 3, Tinea. 14 (Supplement 1). Japan Heterocerists’ Society, Tokyo, 171pp+206figs+32pls.

Haruta, T. (ed.) (1995). Moths of Nepal, Part 4, Tinea. 14 (Supplement 2). Japan Heterocerists’ Society, Tokyo, 206pp+303figs+32pls.

Haruta, T. (ed.), (1998). Moths of Nepal, Part 5, Tinea. 15 (Supplement 1). Japan Heterocerists’ Society, Tokyo, 330pp+403figs+32pls.

Haruta, T. (ed.), (2000). Moths of Nepal, Part 6, Tinea. 16 (Supplement 1). Japan Heterocerists’ Society, Tokyo, 163pp+273figs+14pls.

Holloway, J.D. (1985). Moths of Borneo (part 14): Family Noctuidae: subfamilies Euteliinae, Stictopterinae, Plusiinae, Pantheinae. Malayan Nature Journal 38: 157–317.

Holloway, J.D. (1987). The Moths of Borneo (Part 3): Lasiocampidae, Eupterotidae, Bombycidae, Brahmaeidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae. Southdene Sdn. Bhd., Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 199pp+20pls.

Holloway, J.D. (1988). The Moths of Borneo. Part 6. Arctiidae, Syntominae, Euchrominiinae, Arctiinae, Aganainae (to Noctuidae). Southdene Sendirian Berhad, Kuala Lumpur, 101pp+17+6pls.

Holloway, J.D. (1993). The moths of Borneo (part 11); Family Geometridae: Subfamilies Ennominae. Malayan Nature Journal 47: 1–309.

Holloway, J.D. (1996). The moths of Borneo (part 9); Family Geometridae: Subfamilies Oenochrominae, Desmobathrinae, Geometrinae. Malayan Nature Journal 49: 147–326.

Holloway, J.D. (1997). The moths of Borneo (part 10); Family Geometridae: Subfamilies Subfamilies Sterrhinae, Larentiinae, Addenda to other subfamilies. Malayan Nature Journal 51: 1–242.

Holloway, J.D. (1999). The moths of Borneo (part 5): family Lymantriidae. Malayan Nature Journal 53: 1–188.

Holloway, J.D. (2009). The moths of Borneo (part 13): family Noctuidae, subfamily Pantheinae (part), Bagisarinae, Acontiinae, Aediinae, Eustrotiinae, Bryophilinae, Araeopteroninae, Aventiinae, Eublemminae and further miscellaneous genera. Malayan Nature Journal 62(1&2): 1–240.

Jetz, W., M.A. McGeoch, R. Guralnick, S. Ferrier, J. Beck, M.J. Costello, M. Fernandez, G.N. Geller, P. Keil, C. Merow, C. Meyer, F.E. Muller-Karger, H.M. Pereira, E.C. Regan, D.S. Schmeller & E. Turak (2019). Essential biodiversity variables for mapping and monitoring species populations. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 539–551. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0826-1

Jonason, D., M. Franzén & T. Ranius (2014). Surveying moths using light traps: effects of weather and time of year. Plos One 9(3): e92453. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092453

Kirti, J.S., K. Chandra, A. Saxena & N. Singh (2019). Geometrid Moths of India. Nature Books of India, New Delhi, 296pp.

Kirti, J.S. & N. Singh (2015). Arctiid Moths of India, Volume 1. Nature Books, New Delhi, India, 205pp.

Kirti, J.S. & N. Singh (2016). Arctiid Moths of India, Volume 2. Nature Books, New Delhi, India, 214pp.

Kononenko, V.S. & A. Pinratana (2013). Moth of Thailand Vol. 3, Part 2. Noctuoidea. An illustrated Catalogue of Erebidae, Nolidae, Euteliidae and Noctuidae (Insecta, Lepidoptera) in Thailand. Brothers of St Gabriel in Thailand, Bangkok, 625pp.

Mandal, D.K. & D.R. Maulik (1997). Insecta: Lepidoptera: Heterocera: Sphingidae, Lasiocampidae, Lymantriidae and Ratardidae, pp. 613-687. In: Director, Zoological Survey of India (ed.). State Fauna Series 3: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 7. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 793pp.

Mandal, D.K. & S.K. Ghosh (1997). Insecta: Lepidoptera: Heterocera: Geometridae, pp. 491-532. In: Director, Zoological Survey of India (ed.). State Fauna Series 3: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 7. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 793pp.

Meyrick, E. (1912–1916). Exotic Microlepidoptera, E.W. Classey, Hampton, Middlesex, 1: 1–640.

Meyrick, E. (1916–1923). Exotic Microlepidoptera. E.W. Classey, Hampton, Middlesex, 2: 1–640.

Meyrick, E. (1923–1930). Exotic Microlepidoptera.E.W. Classey, Hampton, Middlesex, 3: 1–640.

Meyrick, E. (1930–1936). Exotic Microlepidoptera. E.W. Classey, Hampton, Middlesex, 4: 1–642.

Meyrick, E. (1937). Exotic Microlepidoptera. E.W. Classey, Hampton, Middlesex, 4: 1–642.

Nayak, A. (2020). Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius pandoo: First record from the southern West Bengal, India. Ela Journal of Forestry and Wildlife 9(2): 657–661.

Nayak, A. & S. Sasmal (2020). Monsoon moths (Lepidoptera: Heterocera) of Midnapore town, West Bengal, India: a preliminary checklist with a note on their diversity. Environmental and Experimental Biology 18: 271–282. http://doi.org/10.22364/eeb.18.26

New, T. (2004). Moths (Insecta: Lepidoptera) and conservation: background and perspective. Journal Of Insect Conservation 8: 79–94. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-004-1329-0

Robinson, G.S., K.R. Tuck, M. Shaffer & K. Cook (1994). The Smaller Moths of South-East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur, 308pp+51figs+32pls.

Sanyal, A.K., J.R.B. Alfred, K. Venkataraman, S.K. Tiwari & S. Mitra (2012). Status of Biodiversity of West Bengal. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 969pp.

Schintlmeister, A. & A. Pinratana (2007). Moths of Thailand. Volume 5, Notodontidae. Brothers of St Gabriel in Thailand, Bangkok, 320pp.

Sevastopulo, D.G. (1945). A list of Heterocera of Calcutta. Journal of Bengal Natural History Society 19: 113–129.

Sevastopulo, D.G. (1956). Notes on the Heterocera of Calcutta. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 54(1): 153–155.

Shah, S., A. Das, R. Dutta & B Mitra (2018). A Current List of the Moths (Lepidoptera) of West Bengal. Bionotes 20(1): 24–29.

Shah, S.K., B. Mitra, A. Das & P. Mishra (2017). A report on Moth Fauna (Insecta: Lepidoptera) in Neora Valley National Park, West Bengal, India. Journal of Environment and Sociology 14(2): 179–186.

Shah, S.K., B. Mitra, K. Mallick & M. Bhattacharya (2016). Moths of Kolkata Metropolitan Region. ENVlS Newsletter 22(1): 2-7.

Silveira, L.F., B.M. Beisiegel, F.F. Curcio, P.H. Valdujo, M. Dixo, V.K. Verdade, G.M.T. Mattox & P.T.M. Cunningham (2010). Para que servem os inventários de fauna? Estudos avançados 24: 173–207. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-40142010000100015

Singh, N., J. Ahmad & R. Joshi (2017). Diversity of Moths (Lepidoptera) with New Faunistic Records from North East Jharkhand, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 117(4): 326–340. https://doi.org/10.26515/rzsi%2Fv117%2Fi4%2F2017%2F121289

Smetacek, P. (2013). Review of Indian Lepidoptera Collections and their significance in conservation. ENVIS Bulletin: Arthropods and their conservation in India (Insects & Spiders) 14(1): 135–139.

Sondhi, S., Y. Sondhi, P. Roy & K. Kunte (eds.) (2020). Moths of India, v. 2.00. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: http://www.mothsofindia.org/. Accessed on 1 April 2020.

van Nieukerken E.J., L. Kaila, I.J. Kitching, N.P. Kristensen, D.C. Lees, J. Minet, C. Mitter, M. Mutanen, J.C. Regier, T.J. Simonsen, N. Wahlberg, S.-H. Yen, R. Zahiri, D. Adamski, J. Baixeras, D. Bartsch, B.A. Bengtsson, J.W. Brown, S.R. Bucheli, D.R. Davis, J.D. Prins, W.D. Prins, M.E. Epstein, P. Gentili-Poole, C. Gielis, P. Hättenschwiler, A. Hausmann, J.D. Holloway, A. Kallies, O. Karsholt, A.Y. Kawahara, S. Koster, M.V. Kozlov, J.D Lafontaine, G. Lamas, J.F. Landry, S. Lee, M. Nuss, K.-T. Park, C. Penz, J. Rota, A. Schintlmeister, B.C. Schmidt, J.-C. Sohn, M.A. Solis, G.M. Tarmann, A.D. Warren, S. Weller, R.V. Yakovlev, V.V Zolotuhin & A. Zwick (2011). Order Lepidoptera, pp. 212–221. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.), Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 212–221.

Williams, C.B. (1936). The influence of moonlight on the activity of certain nocturnal insects, particularly of the family Noctuidae, as indicated by a light trap. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 226: 357–389.

Yela, J.L. & M. Holyoak (1997). Effects of moonlight and meteorological factors on light and bait trap catches of noctuid moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Population Ecology 26: 1283–1290. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/26.6.1283