First photographic record of the Dhole Cuon alpinus (Mammalia: Carnivora: Canidae) from the Sirumalai Hills in Tamil Nadu, India

Main Article Content

B.M. Krishnakumar
M. Eric Ramanujam

Abstract

The Asiatic Wild Dog has a wide global range covering Central, South and South-East Asia. It has been recorded over most of the Indian subcontinent except for the deserts of western India and Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu. We hereby provide photographic evidence of the Asiatic Wild Dog Cuon alpinus from Khandige Estate in Sirumalai. 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
B.M. Krishnakumar and M. Eric Ramanujam 2020. First photographic record of the Dhole Cuon alpinus (Mammalia: Carnivora: Canidae) from the Sirumalai Hills in Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 12, 10 (Jul. 2020), 16373–16376. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5959.12.10.16373-16376.
Section
Notes

References

Behera, S. & J. Borah (2010). Mammal mortality due to road vehicles in Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve. Mammalia 74: 427–430. https://doi.org/10.1515/MAMM.2010.059 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mamm.2010.059

Blasco, F. & P. Legris (1972). Dry Evergreen forests of Point Calimere and Marakanam. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 70: 279–294.

Davidar, E.R.C. (1975). The Nilgiri Tahr. Oryx 13: 205–211. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0030605300013442 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605300013442

Jhala, Y.V., Q. Qureshi & R. Gopal (2015). The status of tigers, co-predators & prey in India 2014. National Tiger Conservation Authority, New Delhi & Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, India, 294pp.

Jayakumar, S., A. Ramachandran, G. Baskaran & J. Heo (2008). Forest dynamics in the Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu, India. Environmental Management 43: 326–345. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-008-9219-y DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-008-9219-y

Jayson, E.A. (1998). Studies of Man-Wildlife conflict in Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary and adjacent areas. Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, Thrissur, Kerala, India, 71pp.

Jayson, E.A. & K.K. Ramachandran (1996). Habitat utilization by larger mammals in Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary. Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, Thrissur, Kerala, India, 44pp.

Johnsingh, A.J.T. (1982). Reproduction and social behavior of the dhole Cuon alpinus (Canidae). Journal of Zoology 198: 443–463. https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.1982.198.4.443 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.1982.198.4.443

Johnsingh, A.J.T. (1983). Large mammalian prey-predators in Bandipur. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 80: 1–57.

Johnsingh, A.J.T. (1985). Distribution and status of dhole Cuon alpinus Pallas, 1811 in South Asia. Mammalia 49: 203–208. https://doi.org/10.1515/mamm.1985.49.2.203 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/mamm.1985.49.2.203

Johnsingh, A.J.T. (2001). The Kalakkad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve: A global heritage of biological diversity. Current Science 80: 378–388.

Kamler, J.F., N. Songsasen, K. Jenks, A. Srivathsa, L. Sheng & K. Kunkel (2015). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. e.T5953A72477893. Accessed on 11 April 2020. http://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T5953A72477893.en DOI: https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T5953A72477893.en

Karanth, K.U. (1993). Predator-prey relationships among large mammals of Nagarahole National Park, (India). PhD Thesis, Department of Bioscience, Mangalore University, 180pp.

Karanth, K.U. & M.E. Sunquist (1995). Prey selection by tiger, leopard and dhole in tropical forests. Journal of Animal Ecology 64: 439–450. https://doi.org/10.2307/5647 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/5647

Kumara, H.N., S. Rathnakumar, R. Sasi & M. Singh (2012). Conservation status of wild mammals in Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary, the Western Ghats, India. Current Science 103: 933–940.

Kumaraguru, A., R. Saravanamuthu, K. Brinda & S. Asokan (2011). Prey preference of large carnivores in Anamalai Tiger. European Journal of Wildlife Research 57: 627–637. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-010-0473-y DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-010-0473-y

Mehr-Homji, V.M. (1974). On the origin of tropical dry evergreen forest of South India. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Science 1: 19–39.

Narasimen, R.K., A.M. Kumar, P.P.C. Jayam, S. Chinnaiyan, M. Nagarathinam & A.A. Desai (2013). Status of Tigers, Co-Predators and Prey in the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary. WWF-World Wide Fund For Nature, India, 57pp.

Nair, P.V., K.K. Ramachandran, V.S. Vijayan, P.S. Easa & P.V. Balakrishnan (1985). An ecological study in Periyar Tiger Reserve with special reference to wildlife. Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi, Thrissur, Kerala, India, 159pp.

Naresh, B. (2012). Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica) Population size and Habitat use in Srivilliputhur Grizzled giant squirrel wildlife sanctuary, Tamil Nadu. MSc thesis, Wildlife Biology, A.V.C. College, Tamil Nadu, 55pp.

Ramesh, T. (2010). Prey selection and food habits of large carnivores: tiger Panthera tigris, leopard Panthera pardus and dhole Cuon alpinus in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu. PhD Thesis, Department of Wildlife Science, Saurashtra University, xvii+173.

Ramesh, T., R. Kalle, K. Sankar & Q. Qureshi (2012). Dietary partitioning in sympatric large carnivores in tropical forest of Western Ghats, India. Mammal Study 37: 85–89. https://doi.org/10.3106/041.037.0405 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3106/041.037.0405

Rice, C.G. (1986). Observations on predators and prey in Eravikulan National Park, Kerala. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 83: 283–305.

Sankar,R.V., R. Kottaimuthu & K. Ravikumar (2009). Additions to the flora of Sirumalai Hills, Eastern Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(7): 379–381. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2069.379-81 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2069.379-81

Shahid, S.D. & A.K. Jamal (2016). Food habits of dhole Cuon alpinus in tropical forests of southern India. Current Science 111: 1701–1705. http://doi.org/10.18520/cs/v111/i10/1701-1705 DOI: https://doi.org/10.18520/cs/v111/i10/1701-1705

Srinivas, G., S. Babu, H.N. Kumara & S. Molur (2013). Assessing the status and distribution of large mammals in Highwavy and its environs, southern Western Ghats. Technical Report 114 submitted to CEPF-ATREE Small Grants and Rufford Small Grants. Coimbatore, India, 64pp.

Reddy, C.S., G. Sailu & J. Swamy (eds.) (2019). Telangana State Biodiversity Field Guide. Telangana State Biodiversity Board, Telangana, 311pp.

Varsha, M.K. (2018). A study on diversity of large carnivores using line transect and camera trap methods in Kodaikkanal Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats. MSc Thesis, Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, 34pp.

Venkataraman, A.B., R. Arumugam & Sukumar (1995). The foraging ecology of dhole (Cuon alpinus) in Mudumalai Sanctuary, southern India. Journal of Zoology 237: 543–561. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1995.tb05014.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1995.tb05014.x

Vijayakumar, S.P., D. Venugopal & V. Kapoor (2002). Inventory of the Flora and Fauna of Khandige Estate – Sirumalai hills. Tamil Nadu, southern India. Unpublished report submitted to Khandige Herbs and Plantations (P) Ltd., 78pp.

Vishnu, V. (2012). Food habits and prey abundance of Dhole (Cuon alpinus) in Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, Kerala. MSc Thesis, Wildlife Biology, A.V.C. College, Tamil Nadu, 46pp.