First records of the black widow spider Latrodectus elegans Thorell, 1898 (Araneae: Theridiidae) from Nepal

Main Article Content

Binu Shrestha
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6956-4600
Tobias Dörr
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3283-9161

Abstract

Latrodectus spp. are globally widespread, however, the occurrence of members of this genus in Nepal has been unconfirmed, with no recent observations reported in the literature.  Here, we present evidence for the occurrence of Latrodectus elegans Thorell, 1898 in west-central Nepal.


 


 


 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Shrestha, B. and Dörr, T. 2020. First records of the black widow spider Latrodectus elegans Thorell, 1898 (Araneae: Theridiidae) from Nepal. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 12, 10 (Jul. 2020), 16385–16388. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5796.12.10.16385-16388.
Section
Notes

References

Garb, J.E., A. Gonzalez & R.G. Gillespie (2004). The black widow spider genus Latrodectus (Araneae: Theridiidae): phylogeny, biogeography, and invasion history. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31(3): 1127–1142.

Jelinek, G.A. (1997). Widow spider envenomation (latrodectism): a worldwide problem. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine 8(4): 226–231.

Kananbala, A., K. Manoj, M. Bhubaneshwari, A. Binarani & M. Siliwal (2012). The first report of the widow spider Latrodectus elegans (Araneae: Theridiidae) from India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(7): 2718–2722. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3152.2718-22 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3152.2718-22

Kaston, B.J. (1970). Comparative Biology of the American black widow spiders. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 16: 33–82.

Levi, H.W. (1959). The Spider Genus Latrodectus (Araneae, Theridiidae). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 78(1): 7–43.

Maretic, Z. (2013). Venoms of Theridiidae, Genus Latrodectus: Epidemiology of Envenomation, Symptomatology, Pathology and Treatment. Arthropod Venoms. S. Bettini. Berlin Heidelberg New York, Springer-Verlag, 869pp.

Ryan, N.M., N.A. Buckley & A. Graudins (2017). Treatments for Latrodectism-A Systematic Review on Their Clinical Effectiveness. Toxins 9(4): 149–212. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins9040148 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins9040148

Schmidt, G. & P. Klaas (1991). „Eine neue Latrodectus-Spezies aus Sri Lanka (Araneida:Theridiidae).“ Arachnologischer Anzeiger 14: 6–9.

Srinivasulu, C., B. Srinivasulu, S.M.M. Javed, M. Seetharamaraju, S.A. Jyothi, C.A. Srinivasulu & F. Tampal (2013). Additions to the araneofauna of Andhra Pradesh, India-Part II. Records of interesting species of the comb-footed general Latrodectus, Rhomphaea and Coleosoma (Araneae: Theridiidae). Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(10): 4483–4491. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2660.4483-91 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2660.4483-91

Thapa, V.K. (1995). Enumeration of the spiders of Nepal. Kathmandu, Nepal, Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Nepal 43.

World Spider Catalog (2020). World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at https://wsc.nmbe.ch/genus/3502, accessed on 22 February 2020.

Yoshida, H. (2009). Uloboridae, Theridiidae, Ctenidae. The spiders of Japan with keys to the families and general and Illustrations of the species H. Ono. Kanagawa, Tokai University Press, 363–365pp.