Butterfly diversity in an organic tea estate of Darjeeling Hills, eastern Himalaya, India

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Aditya Pradhan
Sarala Khaling


The study was undertaken from March–May 2019 to explore the butterflies in the human-modified tea dominated landscape of Darjeeling Hills and understanding the diversity, community structure, habitat specialization, and conservation status of butterflies in an organic tea estate.  Sampling was done in the two representative ecosystems of tea plantation and secondary forest within the study area.  Altogether 71 species and sub-species across 43 genera belonging to five families were recorded during this study, of which seven are protected under the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972.


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Pradhan, A. and Khaling, S. 2020. Butterfly diversity in an organic tea estate of Darjeeling Hills, eastern Himalaya, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 12, 11 (Aug. 2020), 16521–16530. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5716.12.11.16521-16530.

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