Chroococcalean blue green algae from the paddy fields of Satara District, Maharashtra, India

Main Article Content

Sharada Jagannath Ghadage
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9289-4731
Vaneeta Chandrashekhar Karande

Abstract

Blue green algae are the photosynthetic prokaryotes representing a wide distribution in habitat, i.e., temperate, tropical, and polar region.  Paddy fields are the best studied aquatic ecosystems on earth which fulfill all the necessary demands required for blue green algal growth.  Blue green algal role in enhancement of paddy yield has been studied worldwide.  Sustainable utilization of an organism for community use depends on how successfully the ecology of that organism is understood.  Twenty-eight chroococcalean blue green algal taxa were recorded from the study area.  They were taxonomically investigated and found to belong to two families and 11 genera.   The first family Chroococcaceae was the largest family with 10 genera and 26 species while the second family Entophysalidaceae had only one genus and two species.  The genus Gloeocapsa from the family Chroococcaceae exhibited largest species diversity (21.42%), as well as taxa Chlorogloea fritschii of family Entophysalidaceae showed species abundance from the study area.  All heterocystous blue green algal forms are capable of fixation of atmospheric N2.  Many of the non-heterocystous or unicellular blue green algae also have the capacity of N2 fixation.  The taxonomical documentation of chroococcalean blue green algae provide information about such indigenous unicellular blue green algae which will help in the development of niche specific inoculants as biofertilizers for rice fields of the study region.


 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Ghadage, S.J. and Karande, V.C. 2020. Chroococcalean blue green algae from the paddy fields of Satara District, Maharashtra, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 12, 14 (Oct. 2020), 16979–16992. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5683.12.14.16979-16992.
Section
Communications

References

Anand, N. (1990). A handbook of blue green algae. Bishen Singh, Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, 79pp.

Anand, N. & G. Revathi (1987). Blue green algae from rice fields of Tamil Nadu. Phykos 26: 17–21.

Anand, N., S. Kumar & R.S. Hooper (1987). Blue- green algae from rice fields in Kerala state, India. Hydrobiologia 144: 223–232.

Anand, N., R.S. Hooper & S. Kumar (1995). Distribution of blue – green algae in rice fields of Kerala state, India. Phykos 35: 55–64.

Ahmed, S.U. (2001). Distribution pattern of blue green algae in rice field soils of Hojai sub-division of Assam. Phykos 40: 33–38.

Ahmed, S.U. & M.C. Kalita (2002). Nitrogen fixing potential of Blue green algae isolated from rice field soils of Hojai sub division, Nagaon, Assam. Phykos 41: 17–20.

Anagnostidis, K. & J. Komarek (1985). Modern approach to the classification system of cyanophytes 1 - Introduction. Arch Hydrobiology supplement 71. Algological studies 38/39: 291–302.

Auti, B.K. & S.D. Pingle (2006). Nostocales from Northern circle of Ahmednagar district (M. S.) Indian Hydrobiology 9(2): 147–150.

Banarjee, J.C. (1935). On algal found on soil samples from alluvial paddy field of Faridpur, Bengal. Science Culture Journal 285–302.

Carpenter, E.J. & C.C. Price (1976). Marine Oscillatoria (Trichodesmium): explanation for aerobic nitrogen fixation without heterocyst. Science 191: 1278–1280.

Chaudhary, K.K. (2009). Occurrence of Chroococcaceae during cultivation in North bihar, India, Bangladesh Journal of plant taxonomy 16(1): 57–63. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpt.v16i1.2747

Dawes, C.D. (1998). Marine Botany. 2nd edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 480pp.

Desikachary, T.V. (1959). Cyanophyta. Indian council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, 685pp.

Dhanya, V. & J.G. Ray (2015). Ecology and Diversity of Cyanobacteria in Kuttanadu paddy Wetlands, Kerala, India. American Journal of plant sciences. 6: 2924–2938.

Duerr, E.O. & A. Mittsui (1980). Aerobic growth of Nitrogenase activity of a marine unicellular blue green alga, Synechococcus species, Journal of plant physiology, 65 (supplement) 160.

Ghadage, S.J. (2009). Studies on blue green algal diversity in Satara District. M.Phil Dissertation submitted to Shivaji University, Kolhapur, 67pp.

Ghadage, S.J. & C.T. Karande (2008). Chroococcales from Satara District (M.S.), India. Bioinfolet 5(4): 336–340.

Ghadage, S.J. & V.C. Karande (2019). The distribution of blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria) from the paddy fields of Patan and Karad tehsils of Satara District, Maharashtra, India, Journal of Threatened Taxa 11(14): 14862–14869. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4891.11.14.14862-14869 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4891.11.14.14862-14869

Goyal, S.K., B.M. Shrama & R.S. Gupta (1984). Algal flora of rice field soils of Jammu and Kashmir states. Phykos 23: 59–64.

Gonzalves, E.A. & K.S. Gangla (1949). Observations on the algae of paddy field soils. Journal of University of Bombay 18: 51–59.

Gupta, A.B. (1964). Algal flora and its importance in the economy of rice fields. Hydrobiologia 38: 213–222.

Huang, T.C. & T.J. Chow (1988). Comparative studies of some nitrogen fixing unicellular cyanobacteria isolated from rice fields. Journal of General Microbiology, 134: 3089–3097.

Karande, C.T. (2009). Cyanobacterial biodiversity in paddy fields from Satara district - A project submitted to UGC. 255pp. (Unpublished)

Kamble, P.B. (2010). Isolation purification and biochemical characterization of blue green algae from paddy field soils of Satara district - MPhil Dissertation submitted to Shivaji university, Kolhapur, 125pp.

Kamble, P.B. & V.C. Karande (2018). Biodiversity of unicellular cyanobacteria from some rice field soils of Satara district (M.S.). International Journal of life Sciences, Special Issue, A 10: 144–147.

Kolte, S.O. & S.K. Goyal (1985). Distribution pattern of blue green algae in rice field soils of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state. Phykos 24: 156–162.

Kulasooriya, S.A. & R.S.Y. De Silva (1978). Nitrogen fixing blue green algae in rice soils of Sri Lanka and their potential as a fertilizer in rice cultivation. Internatinal Journal Dobereiner etal education Limitations and potentials for biological nitrogen fixation in the tropics. New York, Plenum Press: 345–346.

Madane, N.P. & P.A. Shinde (1993). Blue-green algae in salt affected soils of Kolhapur district (M. S.) Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities 18: 289–290.

Maryan, P.S., R.R. Eady, A.E. Chaplin & J.R. Gallon (1986). Nitrogen fixation by Gloeothece species PCC 6909: respiration & non photosynthesis supports nitrogenase activity in the light. Journal of General Microbiology 132: 789–796.

Nayak, S., R. Prassana, T. K. Dominic & P.K. Singh (2001). Floristic abundance and relative distribution of different cyanobacterial genera in rice field soils at different crop growth stages. Phykos 40: 14–21.

Naz, S.M., S.M. Hasan & S.U. Rehman (2003). Survey of fresh water cyanophyta from certain areas of northern region of Pakistan & Azad Kashmir. Pakistan Journal of Botany 35: 731–741.

Naz, S.M., M.U. Hasan & S. Mustafa (2004). Taxonomic study of chroococophyceae (Cyanophyta) from Northern areas of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 36(2): 247–281.

Patil, P.L. & S.D. Satav (1986). A study of nitrogen fixing blue green algae from rice fields of Western Maharashtra Phykos 25: 113–116.

Patil, S.R. & B.B. Chaugule (2009). Diversity of blue green algae in paddy fields of Western Maharashtra Indian Hydrobiology 12: 89–94.

Prasad, B.N. & R.K. Mehrotra (1980). Blue green algae of paddy fields of U.P. Phykos 19: 121–128.

Prasad, R.C. & B.N. Prasad (2003). Blue green algal inoculation for rice productivity and soil fertility in Nepal. Journal of Nepal Biotechnology Association 1: 17–21

Rodrigo, V. & N. Eberto (2007). Seasonal changes in periphyton nitrogen fixation in a protected tropical wetland. Journal of Biology of Fertilized Soils 43: 367–372.

Roger, P.A. (1985). Unicellular mucilaginous blue green algae (BGA): impressive blooms but deceptive biofertilizers. International Rice Research News 10: 27–28.

Roger, P.A. & P.A. Reynaud (1979). Ecology of blue green algae in paddy fields. In nitrogen and rice. The international rice research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines, 289–309pp.

Saikia, P. & R.P.M. Bordoloi (1994). Blue green algal flora from the rice fields of Assam, Phykos 33: 53–57.

Santra, S.C. (1991). Rice field blue green algae (Cyanobacteria) and its utilization prospects as biofertilizer in West Bengal, India, Proceeding of National Symposium On Cyanobacterial Nitrogen fixation New Delhi, 385–389pp.

Santra, S.C. (1993). Biology of Rice Fields Blue Green Algae. Daya Publishing House, New Delhi, 184pp.

Sahu, J.K., H. Naik & S.P. Adhikary (1997). Blue green Algae of rice field soils of Orissa state - I Distributional pattern in different agro climatic zones. Phykos 35: 93–110.

Singh, P.K. (1973). Nitrogen fixation by the unicellular blue green alga Aphanothece. Archives of Microbiology, 92: 59–62.

Singh, N.I., N.S. Singh., G.A. Devi & S.M. Singh (1997). Cyanobacterial flora of rice field soils of Tripura, Phykos 36: 121–126.

Sinha, J.P. & D. Mukherjee (1975a). On Blue green algae from the paddy fields of Bankura district of West Bengal - I. Phykos 14: 117–118.

Sinha, J.P. & D. Mukherjee (1975b). On Blue green algae from the paddy fields of Bankura district of West Bengal - II. Phykos 14: 119–120.

Sinha, J.P. & D. Mukherjee (1984). Blue green algae from the paddy fields of Bankura District of West Bengal - III. Phykos 23: 142–143.

Tiwari, G.L. (1972). Study of blue green algae from paddy field soils of India. Hydrobiologia 29: 335–350.

Van, N.C., D.Z. Khong, Z.D. Tien & I.N. Gogotov (1988). Nitrogen fixation by the cyanobacterium Aphanothece pallida isolated from rice field soil. Mikrobiologiya, 57: 384–388.

Wyatt, J.J. & J.K.G. Silvery (1969). Nitrogen fixation by Gloeocapsa. Science 165: 908–909.

Zhou, H. & T. Chen (1991). The isolation purification and efficiency of nitrogen fixation for unicellular cyanobacteria Gloeocapsa species. Acta Microbiological Sinica 31: 405–409.