A faunistic survey of tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Cicindelinae) in Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary and adjoining riverine ecosystem in Assam, India

Main Article Content

Kushal Choudhury
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0198-1114
Chandan Das
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9944-1839
Amar Deep Soren
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6978-2029

Abstract

A faunistic survey was made to assess the tiger beetle fauna from the Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary and adjacent rivers for the first time from the western part of Assam, India.  A total of 15 species of tiger beetles (subfamily Cicindelinae) belonging to seven genera were recorded from forest, moist and dry riverine ecosystem using an occasional night trap.  Eight species belonging to five genera were recorded from the riverine ecosystem.  Two species, viz., Cylindera spinolae and Calochroa assamensis, were strictly restricted to the forest and Cosmodela virgula was recorded from both forest and riverine areas.  Cylindera (Eugrapha) minuta, Calochroa flavomaculata, and Lophyra (Spilodia) vittigera were collected using a night trap from the forest area.  The study revealed that habitat degradation due to human interference is the major threat to the tiger beetles in the study area.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Choudhury, K., Das, C. and Soren, A.D. 2020. A faunistic survey of tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Cicindelinae) in Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary and adjoining riverine ecosystem in Assam, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 12, 15 (Nov. 2020), 17129–17137. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5609.12.15.17129-17137.
Section
Communications
Author Biographies

Kushal Choudhury, PG Department of Zoology, Science College, Kokrajhar, Assam 783360, India. 

Head and Assistant Professor, Department of Zoology, Science College, Kokrajhar, Assam, India.

Chandan Das, PG Department of Zoology, Science College, Kokrajhar, Assam 783360, India. 

PG student, Science College, Kokrajhar, Assam, India

Amar Deep Soren, PG and Research Department of Zoology, B. Borooah College, Guwahati, Assam 781007, India.

Assistant Professor, Department of Zoology, Science College, Kokrajhar, Assam, India

References

Acorn, J.H. (2004). Grassland tiger beetles in Canada. Arthropods of Canadian Grasslands10: 6–13.

Adis, J., W. Paarmann, M.A. Amorim, E. Arndt & C.R.V. da Fonseca (1998). On occurrence, habitat specificity and natural history of adult tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Cicindelinae) near Manaus, central Amazonia, and key to the larvae of tiger beetle genera. Acta Amazonica 28(3): 247–272. https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-43921998283272

Annemarie, R.S. (1999).Tiger Beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) as an Indicator Taxon of Environmental Quality in Minnesota State Parks. Technical report, 11pp.

Atkinson, E.T. (1889).Catalogue of the Insecta of the Oriental Region. No. 1. Order Coleoptera, Family Cicindelidae. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Part II, Natural Science Supplement No.1, 22pp.

Bhardwaj, M., V.K. Bhargav & V.P. Uniyal (2008). Occurrence of tiger beetles (Cicindelidae: Coleoptera) in Chilla Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajaji National Park, Uttarakhand. Indian Forester 134(12): 1636–1645.

Bhargav, V.K. & V.P. Uniyal (2008).Communal roosting of tiger beetles (Cicindelidae: Coleoptera) in the Shivalik Hills, Himachal Pradesh, India. Cicindela 40(12): 1–12.

Cardoso, A. & A.P. Vogler (2005). DNA taxonomy, phylogeny and Pleistocene diversification of the Cicindelahybrid species group (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). Molecular Ecology 14: 3531–3546. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2005.02679.x

Cassola, F. & D.L. Pearson (2000). Global patterns of tiger beetle species richness (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae): their use in conservation planning. Biological Conservation 95: 197–208. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(00)00034-3

Champion, H.G. & S.K. Seth (1968). A Revised Survey of the Forest Types of India. Manager of Publications, Government of India, Delhi, 404pp.

Choudhury, K. & S. Ghosh (2009). Butterflies of Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam. The Indian Forester 135(5): 714–720.

Dangalle, C., N. Pallewatta & A. Vogler (2011a). The occurrence of the endemic tiger beetle Cicindela (Ifasina) waterhouseiin Bopath Ella, Ratnapura. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka 39(2): 163–168. https://doi.org/10.4038/jnsfsr.v39i2.3177

Dangalle, C., N. Pallewatta & A. Vogler (2011b). The current occurrence, habitat and historical change in the distributional range of an endemic tiger beetle species Cicindela (Ifasina) willeyi Horn (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) of Sri Lanka. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(2): 1493–1505. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2501.1493-505

Dangalle, C., N. Pallewatta & A. Vogler (2012). Tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) of ancient reservoir ecosystems of Sri Lanka. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(4): 2490–2498. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2896.2490-8

Dangalle, C., N. Pallewatta & A. Vogler (2014). Distribution and habitat preferences of tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) of the riverine ecosystems of Sri Lanka. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(9): 6195–6203. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3674.6195-203

Fowler, W.W. (1912). The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Coleoptera – General Introduction and Cicindelidae and Paussidae. Taylor and Francis, 529pp.

French, B.W., L.D. Chandler, M.M. Ellsbury, B.W. Fuller & M. West (2004). Ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) assemblages in a transgenic corn-soybean cropping system. Environmental Entomology 33(3): 554–563. https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X-33.3.554

Ganeshaiah, K.N. & V.V. Belavadi (1986). Habitat segregation in four species of adult tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). Ecological Entomology 11(2): 147–154. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1986.tb00289.x

Gee, E.P. (1961). The distribution and feeding habit of Golden Langur, Presbytis geei Khajuria, 1956. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 53: 252–254.

Harit, D.N. (2013). Tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) along riverine habitat in Mizoram, north east India. International Research Journal of Biological Sciences 2(1): 30–34.

Hoback, W.W., D.A. Golick, T.M. Svatos, S.M. Spomer & L.G. Highley (2000). Salinity and shade preferences result in ovipositional differences between sympatric tiger beetle species. Ecological Entomology 25: 180–187. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2311.2000.00256.x

Horn, W. (1905a). Ein zweiter Beitrag zur Cicindelien-Fauna von Vorder-Indien (incl. Ceylon). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, Jahrgang 1905: 59–64.

Horn, W. (1905b). Systematischer Index der Cicindeliden. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 2: 1–56.

Knisley, C.B. & J.M. Hill (1992). Effects of habitat change from ecological succession and human impact on tiger beetles. Virginia Journal of Science 43(1): 133–142.

Morgan, M., C.B. Knisley & A.P. Vogler (2000). New taxonomic status of the endangered tiger beetle Cicindela limbata albissima(Coleoptera: Cicindelidae): Evidence from mtDNA. Ecology and Population Biology 93(5): 1108–1115. https://doi.org/10.1603/0013-8746(2000)093[1108:NTSOTE]2.0.CO;2

Mosley, J. (2009). A new record for Cicindela scabrosa (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Cicindelinae) from Hardee County, Florida.Florida Entomologist 92(3): 516–517. https://doi.org/10.1653/024.092.0319

Pajni, H.R. & S.S. Bedi (1973). Preliminary survey of the Cicindelid fauna of Chandigarh, Punjab, India. Cicindela 5(3): 41–56.

Pearson, D.L. & A.P Vogler (2001). Tiger Beetles. The Evolution, Ecology, and Diversity of the Cicindelids. Ithaca: Comstock Publishing Associates (Cornell University Press), New York, 330pp.

Pearson, D.L. & F. Cassola (2007). Are we doomed to repeat history? A model of the past using tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) and conservation biology to anticipate future. Journal of Insect Conservation 11: 47–59. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-006-9018-9

Pearson, D.L. & K. Ghorpade (1987). Tiger Beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) of the Siliguri-Darjeeling area in India. Colemania 4: 1–22.

Pearson, D.L. & S.A. Juliano (1993). Evidence for the influence of historical processes in co-occurrence and diversity of tiger beetle species, pp.194–202. In. Ricklefs, R.E. & D. Schluter (eds.). Species Diversity in Ecological Communities: Historical and Geographical Perspectives. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 414pp.

Pearson, D.L. & S.S. Carroll (1998). Global patterns of species richness: Spatial models for conservation planning using bioindicator and precipitation data. Conservation Biology 12(4): 809–821.

Pearson, D.L. (1988). Biology of Tiger Beetles. Annual Review of Entomology 33: 123–147.

Pearson, D.L., C.B. Knisley & C.J. Kazilek (2006). A Field Guide to the Tiger Beetles of the United States and Canada: Identification, Natural History and Distribution of the Cicindelidae. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York, 227pp.

Rafi, M.A., W. Jurgen, M.A. Matin, A. Zia, A. Sultan & F. Naz (2010). Faunistics of tiger beetles (Cicindelidae) from Pakistan. Journal of Insect Science 10(116): 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1673/031.010.11601

Rodriguez, J.P., D.L. Pearson & R.R. Barrera (1998). A test for the adequacy of bioindicator taxa: are tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) appropriate Indicators for monitoring the degradation of tropical forests in Venezuela? Biological Conservation 83(1): 69–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(97)00017-7

Satoh, A., T. Uéda, E. Ichion & M. Hori (2006). Distribution and habitat of three species of riparian tiger beetles in the Tedori river system of Japan. Environmental Entomology 35(2): 320–325. https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X-35.2.320

Sawada, H. & J. Wiesner (1997). Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Cicindelidae von Meghalaya (Nordost-Indien) und Bemerkungen zu Therates (Coleoptera). Entomologische Zeitschrift mit Insektenbörse 107(2): 73–86.

Schaum, H.R. (1863). Contributions to the knowledge of the Cicindelidae of tropical Asia, containing descriptions of new species, a list of those hitherto described, andnotes. The Journal of Entomology 2: 57–73.

Schiefer, T.L. (2004). A new record of an endemic Cuban tiger beetle, Cicindela (Brasiella) viridicollis (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Cicindelinae), from the Florida Keys. Florida Entomologist 87(4): 551–553. https://doi.org/10.1653/0015-4040(2004)087[0551:ANROAE]2.0.CO;2

Seago, A.E., P. Brady, J. Vigneron & T.D. Schultz (2009). Gold bugs and beyond: a review of iridescence and structural colour mechanisms in beetles (Coleoptera). Journal of the Royal Society Interface 6: S165–S184. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2008.0354.focus

Sinu, P.A., M. Nasser & P.D. Rajan (2006). Feeding fauna and foraging habits of tiger beetles found in agro-ecosystems in Western Ghats, India. Biotropica 38(4): 500–507. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2006.00174.x

Werner, K. & J. Wiesner (2008).New records of tiger beetles from India with description of new taxa (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 118(1): 15–18.