Present status of the genus Sphrageidus Maes, 1984 (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Lymantriinae) from India

Main Article Content

Amritpal Singh Kaleka
Devinder Singh
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8695-7852
Gagan Preet Kour Bali
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1894-0944

Abstract

The surveys to different localities of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Uttarakhand yielded three species of genus Sphrageidus Maes, namely S. similis (Fuessly), S. simlensis (Gupta) and S. xanthorrhoea (Kollar) of subfamily Lymantriinae. The external morphological characters particularly wing maculation and venation along with genitalia characteristics have been studied and illustrated in detail.  The male genitalic features like distinct saccus, ring-like juxta, simple valva, aedeagus with a hook or reversed spine at the apex and distinct wing venation, i.e., absence of vein M2 in hindwing completely conform the characterization of the genus. In the present studies, the species simlensis has been placed under genus Sphrageidus Maes making a new combination as Sphrageidus simlensis (Gupta) for its proper placement. The genus diagnosis has also been updated. The external morphological characters including wing maculation, venation and particularly the genitalic features proved significant from taxonomic point of view in all the three species.


 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Kaleka, A.S. , Singh, D. and Bali, G.P.K. 2020. Present status of the genus Sphrageidus Maes, 1984 (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Lymantriinae) from India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 12, 9 (Jun. 2020), 16153–16160. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5302.12.9.16153-16160.
Section
Short Communications

References

Chao, C.L. (2003). Lepidoptera, Lymantriidae. Fauna Sinica, Beijing Science Press, 484pp.

Fuessly, J.C. (1775). Verzeichnis der Schweitzerischen Inseckten. Zurich und Winterthur, 35pp.

Gupta, S.L. (1986). Descriptions of New Species of Genera Euproctis Hübner and Porthesia Stephens from India (Lepidoptera, Noctuoidea, Lymantriidae), Reichenbachia, 24: 107–108.

Hampson, G.F. (1892). The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma, Moths - 1, Taylor and Francis, London, 527pp.

Holloway, J.D. (1999). The Moths of Borneo, part 5: Lymantriidae. Malayan Natural Journal 53: 188.

Inoue, H., E. Gakuen, E. Funakoshi & Yokosuka (1957). A Revision of the Japanese Lymantriidae (II), Japanese Journal of Medical Science and Biology 10: 187–219. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7883/yoken1952.10.187

Kishida, Y. (1993). Lymantriidae in Moths of Nepal 2. Tinea,13 (Suppl. 3): 80–95.

Klots, A.B. (1970). Lepidoptera, pp. 115–130. In: Tuxen, S.L. (ed.). Taxonomist’s Glossary of genitalia in Insects. Munksgaard, Copenhagen, 359pp.

Kollar, V. & L. Redtenbacher (1848). Aufzählung und Beschreibung der von Freiherr C.V. Hügel auf seiner Reisedurch Kaschmir und das Himaleygebirge gesammelten Insekten in Kaschmir und das Reich der Siek 4(2): 470.

Maes, K. (1984). Some remarks on the genus Euproctis Hübner, [1819] 1816 (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), Nota Lepidopterologica 7: 55–58.

Robinson, G.S. (1976). The preparation of slides of Lepidoptera genitalia with special reference to Microlepidoptera, Entomologists Gazette 27: 127–132.

Swinhoe, C. (1922). A Revision of the genera of the family Liparidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10 (58): 449–484.

Zimmerman, E.C. (1978). Microlepidoptera Insects of Hawaii – 9. University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu, 1903pp.