Species diversity and feeding guilds of birds in Malaysian agarwood plantations

Main Article Content

Nor Nasibah Mohd Jamil
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7209-5200
Husni Ibrahim
Haniza Hanim Mohd Zain
Nur Hidayat Che Musa
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9034-4127

Abstract

In Malaysia, the current status of birds inhabiting agarwood Aquilaria malaccensis plantations has not been specifically studied, and little research has been conducted to investigate birds in other agricultural areas (e.g., rubber, acacia, and oil palm plantations) and disturbed areas.  This study was conducted to assess bird species richness and relative abundance, as well as feeding guilds, in two agarwood plantation sites: Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris in Tanjong Malim (UPSI), and Slim River (SR).  The presence of birds was recorded using a combination of techniques (mist-nets and point count), while various sources were used to compile feeding information.  This study recorded 364 birds from 36 species in 24 families.  Shannon diversity index (H’) values for the UPSI and SR sites were 2.896 and 2.492 respectively, indicating high bird diversity.  The Bray-Curtis index was 0.29, indicating these sites share few species.  Insectivorous and omnivorous birds were dominant in UPSI (31%), and omnivores at SR (32%).  The commonest insect order at both sites was Orthoptera (UPSI 48%, SR 25%).  While agarwood plantations are relatively homogeneous, they provide a variety of food sources and shelter for a wide range of birds. 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Mohd Jamil, N.N., Ibrahim, H., Mohd Zain, H.H. and Che Musa, N.H. 2020. Species diversity and feeding guilds of birds in Malaysian agarwood plantations. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 12, 14 (Oct. 2020), 16954–16961. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5213.12.14.16954-16961.
Section
Communications

References

Achondo, M.J.M.M., L. Casim, V.P. Bello, K.C. Tanalgo, A.R. Agduma, B.L.P. Bretaña, L.S. Mancao, J.G.S. Salem & J. Supremo (2011). Rapid assessment and feeding guilds of birds in selected rubber and oil palm plantations in North Cotabato. Asian Journal of Biodiversity 2(1): 103–120. https://doi.org/10.7828/ajob.v2i1.94 DOI: https://doi.org/10.7828/ajob.v2i1.94

Amir, A., M.N. Hafidzi & H.K. Ariffin (2015). Diversity and density of birds at mangroves and oil palm plantations in two different regions in Selangor, Malaysia. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 10(11): 407–416.

Azahari, F.M., Y.S. Yasmin & K.A. Rahman (2015). Technical report on development of an information system database for the conservation and sustainable use ofGonystylus bancanus (Ramin) and Aquilaria malaccensis (karas) in Malaysia. ITTO work program for 2013 on support to ITTO-CITES implementation for tree species and trade/market transparency (TMT). Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM), Selangor, Malaysia, 90pp.

Azman, N.M., N.S.A. Latip, S.A.M. Sah, M.A.M.M. Akil, N.J. Shafie & N.L. Khairuddin (2011). Avian diversity and feeding guilds in a secondary forest, an oil palm plantation and a paddy field in Riparian areas of the Kerian River Basin, Perak, Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research 22(2): 45–64.

Benayas, J.M.R. & J.M. Bullock (2012). Restoration of biodiversity and ecosystem services on agricultural land. Ecosystems 15(6): 883–899. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-012-9552-0 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-012-9552-0

BirdLife International (2017). Country profile: Malaysia. Downloaded on 18 January 2018.

BirdLife International (2018). Psittacula longicauda. In: IUCN 2018. 2018 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 29 September 2019.

Borror, D.J. & R.E. White (1970). A Field Guide to the Insects of America North of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, USA, 404pp.

Cosset, C.C. & D.P. Edwards (2017). The effects of restoring logged tropical forests on avian phylogenetic and functional diversity. Ecological Applications 27(6): 1932–1945. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1578 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1578

Gregory, R.D. & A.V. Strien (2010). Wild bird indicators: using composite population trends of birds as measures of environmental health. Ornithological Science 9(1): 3–22. https://doi.org/10.2326/osj.9.3 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2326/osj.9.3

Haddad, N.M., L.A. Brudvig, J. Clobert, K.F. Davies, A. Gonzalez, R.D. Holt, T.E. Lovejoy, J.O. Sexton, M.P. Austin, C.D. Collins, W.M. Cook, E.I. Damschen, R.M. Ewers, B.L. Foster, C.N. Jenkins, A.J. King, W.F. Laurance, D.J. Levey, C.R. Margules, B.A. Melbourne, A.O. Nicholls, J.L. Orrock, D. Song & J.R. Townshend (2015). Habitat fragmentation and its lasting impact on earth’s ecosystems. Science Advances 1(2): e1500052. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1500052 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1500052

Hashim, E.N. & R. Ramli (2013). Comparative study of understorey birds diversity inhabiting lowland rainforest virgin jungle reserve and regenerated forest. The Scientific World Journal 2013: 1–7; https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/676507 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/676507

Jambari, A., B. Azhar, N.L. Ibrahim, S. Jamian, A. Hussin, C.L. Puan, H.M. Noor, E. Yusof, M. Zakaria (2012). Avian biodiversity and conservation in Malaysian oil palm production areas. Journal of Oil Palm Research 24: 1277–1286.

Khairuddin, K. (2013). Hutan Hujan Tropika Semenanjung Malaysia. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, 334pp.

Li, S., F. Zou, Q. Zhang & F.H. Sheldon (2013). Species richness and guild composition in rubber plantations compared to secondary forest on Hainan Island, China. Agroforestry Systems 87(5): 1117–1128. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-013-9624-y DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-013-9624-y

Mansor, M.S., S.M. Nor, R. Ramli & S.A.M. Sah (2018a). Niche shift in three foraging insectivorous birds in lowland Malaysian forest patches. Behavioural Processes 157: 73–79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2018.09.001 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2018.09.001

Mansor, M.S., N.A. Abdullah, M.R.A. Halim, S.M. Nor & R. Ramli (2018b). Diet of tropical insectivorous birds in lowland Malaysian rainforest. Journal of Natural History 52(35–36): 2301–2316. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2018.1534015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00222933.2018.1534015

Peh, K.S.H., N.S. Sodhi, J. De Jong, C.H. Sekercioglu, C.A.M. Yap & S.L.H. Lim (2006). Conservation value of degraded habitats for forest birds in southern Peninsular Malaysia. Diversity and Distributions 12(5): 572–581. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1366-9516.2006.00257.x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1366-9516.2006.00257.x

Payne, R. (2019a). White-headed Munia (Lonchura maja) version 1.0. In: Bird of the World. Available online 11 February 2019. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.whhmun1.01 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.whhmun1.01

Payne, R. (2019b). Chestnut Munia (Lonchura atricapilla), version 1.0. In: Bird of the World. Available online 11 February 2019. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.chemun.01 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.chemun.01

Ramly, F.N. & R. Ramli (2009). Diversity of understorey birds in virgin and logged forests of Gunung Angsi forest reserve, Negeri Sembilan, pp. 65–68. In: Hee, A.K.-W. (eds.). Harnessing the Potential of Biodiversity. Simposium Biologi Malaysia 2009, Bangi, Selangor, 355pp.

Robson, C. (2008). A Field Guide to the Birds of Thailand and South-East Asia. New Holland, London, 544pp.

Sánchez-Oliver, J.S., J.M.R. Benayas & L.M. Carrascal (2014). Differential effects of local habitat and landscape characteristics on bird communities in Mediterranean afforestations motivated by the EU Common Agrarian Policy. European Journal of Wildlife Research 60: 135–143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-013-0759-y DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-013-0759-y

Sreekar, R., G. Huang, M. Yasuda, R.C. Quan, E. Goodale, R.T. Corlett & K.W. Tomlinson (2016). Effects of forests, roads and mistletoe on bird diversity in monoculture rubber plantations. Scientific Reports 6(21822): 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep21822 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep21822

Styring, A.R., J. Unggang, A. Jukie, O. Tateh, N. Megom & F.H. Sheldon (2018). Bird community structure in native forest fragments and Acacia mangium plantations in Borneo. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 130(1): 112–130. https://doi.org/10.1676/16-125.1 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1676/16-125.1

Subasinghe, K., A.P. Sumanapala & S.R. Weerawardhena (2014). The impact of forest conversion on bird communities in the northern flank of the Knuckles Mountain Forest Range, Sri Lanka. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity 7(4): 367–373. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japb.2014.07.004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japb.2014.07.004

Tanalgo, K.C., J.A.F. Pineda, M.E. Agravante & Z.M. Amerol (2015). Bird diversity and structure in different land-use types in lowland south-central Mindanao, Philippines. Tropical Life Sciences Research 26(2): 85–103.

Walters, M. (2013). The Natural History of Insects: A guide to the world of arthropods, covering many insect orders, including beetles, flies, stick insects, dragonflies, ants and wasps, as well as microscopic creatures. Southwater. London, 80pp.

Wells, D.R. (2007). The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula – Vol 2: Passerines. Christopher Helm, London, 858pp.

Weng, V. & T. Yew (1983).Malaysian Nature Handbooks, Common Malaysian Beetles. Longman Malaysia Sdn. Bhd, Kuala Lumpur, 142pp.

Wilson, M.W., J. Pithon, T. Gittings, T.C. Kelly, P.S. Giller & J. O’Halloran (2006). Effects of growth stage and tree species composition on breeding bird assemblages of plantation forests. Bird Study 53(3): 225–236. https://doi.org/10.1080/00063650609461437 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00063650609461437

Yahya, A. (2011). Merungkai Khazanah Rimba: Industri Gaharu Malaysia Cabaran dan Prospek. Malaysian Timber Industrial Berhad, Kuala Lumpur,57pp.

Yahya, M.S., M. Syafiq, A. Ashton‐Butt, A. Ghazali, S. Asmah & B. Azhar (2017). Switching from monoculture to polyculture farming benefits birds in oil palm production landscapes: Evidence from mist netting data. Ecology and Evolution 7(16): 6314–6325. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3205 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3205

Zakaria, M. & M.N. Rajpar (2010). Bird species composition and feeding guilds based on point count and mist netting methods at the Paya Indah wetland reserve, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research 21(2): 7–26.