Main Article Content
The Bivalvia family Placunidae Rafinesque, 1815 in India is reviewed in this paper based on previous literature and records. Additionally, the species Placuna quadrangula is described from the Indian sub-continent. Being an economically important family in this geographic region, this paper can be regarded as a baseline for further ecological, management and policy-related studies pertaining to Placunidae and other exploited species.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27220.127.116.1153-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Alagaswami, K. & K.A. Narasimham (1973). Clams, cockle and oyster resources of the Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the Symposium on Living Resources of the Seas Around India, Special Publication 648â€“658.
Bijukumar, A., R. Ravinesh, A.R. Arathi & K.K. Idreesbabu (2015). On the molluscan fauna of Lakshadweep included in various schedules of Wildlife (Protection) Act of India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(6): 7253â€“7268. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o4140.7253-68
Boominathan, M., G. Ravikumar, M.D. Subash Chandran & T.V. Ramachandra (2012). Mangrove associated molluscs of India. Lake 2012 - National Conference on Conservation and Management of Wetland Ecosystems. Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, 1â€“11pp.
Boominathan, M., G. Ravikumar, M.D. Subash Chandran & T.V. Ramachandra (2014). Impact of hydroelectric projects on commercial bivalves in a south Indian west coast estuary. Journal of Biodiversity 5(1,2): 1â€“9.
Das, R.R., G. Kantharajan, S. Goutham, V.D. Samuel, P. Krishnan, R. Rajkumar & R. Purvaja (2017). First report of Antigona somwangi huber, 2010 (mollusca: bivalvia: veneridae) from India. Journal of Conchology 42(5): 379â€“380.
Gallardo, W.G., S.V. Siar & V. Encena II (1995). Exploitation of the window-pane shell Placuna placenta in the Philippines. Biological Conservation 73(1): 33â€“38.
Gallardo, W.G. (1994). Bivalves. In: Lacanilao, F., R.M. Coloso, & G.F. Quinitio (eds.). Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia and Prospects for Seafarming and Searanching. 19â€“23 August 1991, Iloilo City, Philippines. (pp. 40â€“45). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department.
Gray, J.E. (1849). On the species of the genus Placenta of Retzius. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, for 1849: 114-115, Moll. Pl. 1.
Hameed, P.S. & S.S.N. Somasundaram (1998). A survey of bivalve molluscs in Gulf of Mannar, India. Indian Journal of Fisheries 45(2): 171â€“181.
Hornell, J. (1909a). Report to the government of Baroda, on the prospects of establishing a pearl fishery and other marine industries on the coast of Okhamandal. Williams and Norgate, London, 43â€“97pp.
Hornell, J. (1909b). Report to the Government of Baroda on the marine zoology of Okhamandal in Kattiawar. Williams and Norgate, London, 43â€“97pp.
Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves: A full-colour guide to 3,300 of the Worldâ€™s Marine Bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim, Conch Books, 901pp.
Huber, M. (2015). Placuna quadrangula. In: MolluscaBase (2015). World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=504275 on 2016-05-02
Iredale, T. (1939). Mollusca, Part 1. Sci. Rep. Great Barrier Reef Exp. 1928-29, 5(6): 209â€“425, pls. 1â€“7.
Laxmilatha, P. (2015a). Status and conservation issues of windowpane oyster Placuna placenta (Linnaeus 1758) in Kakinada Bay, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 57(1): 92â€“95. https://doi.org/10.6024/jmbai.2015.57.1.1843-15
Laxmilatha, P. (2015b). Gastropod and bivalve fishery of Kakinada Bay, Andhra Pradesh, India: Management and conservation issues. Aquaculture Asia. Volume XX(4): 21â€“26.
Madrones-Ladja, J.A. (2002). Salinity effect on the embryonic development, larval growth and survival at metamorphosis of Placuna placenta Linnaeus (1758). Aquaculture 214(1-4): 411â€“418.
Matsukuma, A. (1987). Studies on the Kawamura Collection (Mollusca) Stored in the National Science Museum, Tokyo IV: The Family Placunidae (Bivalvia) with Special Reference to their Ligament. Venus (Japanese Journal of Malacology) 45(4): 231â€“244.
Mahapatro, D., R. Panigrahy, S. Panda & R.K. Mishra (2016). Malacofaunal diversity of Chilika lake, Odisha, India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of India 9(17): 1â€“9.
Moses, S.T. (1939). The recent Placuna pearl fishery in Baroda and some notes on the window-pane oyster. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 41: 119â€“122.
Murugesan, P., A. Silambarasan, S. Purusothaman, S. Muthuvelu & T. Anantharaj (2013). Diversity of Invertebrate trawl bycatch off Cuddalore, Parangipettai and Pazhayar, south-east coast of India. Indian. Journal of Fisheries 60(1): 41â€“49.
Narasimham, K.A. (1973). On the molluscan fisheries of the Kakinada Bay. Indian Journal of Fisheries 20(1): 209â€“214.
Narasimham, K.A. (1984). Biology of windowpane oyster Placenta placenta (Linnaeus) in Kakinada Bay. Indian Journal of Fisheries 31(2): 272â€“284.
Narasimham, K.A., V. Kripa & K. Balan (1993). Molluscan shellfish resources of India - An overview. Indian Journal of Fisheries 40(1, 2): 112â€“124.
Parveen, S., G. Siddiqui & S. Hassan (2018). Temporal variation in reproductive pattern of windowpane oyster Placuna placenta (Mollusca: Placunidae) from Sonmiani, Balochistan, Pakistan. International Journal of Aquatic Science 9(2): 112â€“119.
Prashad, B. (1932). The Lamellibranchia of the Siboga Expedition, Systematic Part, II, Pelecypoda (exclusive of the Pectinidae), Siboga-Expeditie, Monographe 53 c, Livr. 118, July, pp.353, 9pls., 1 map
Prabhu, P., U. Balasubramanian & S. Purushothaman (2013). Diversity of invertebrate trawl by catch off Mallipattinam, Sathuvasatherum, Memesal, southeast coast of India. Advances in Applied Science Research 4(6): 249â€“255.
Rai, H.S. (1933). The shellfisheries of the Bombay Presidency. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 35: 826â€“845.
Rao, G.S. & K.R. Somayajulu (1996). Resource characteristics of exploited bivalves and gastropods of Kakinada Bay with a note on stock assessment. Marine Fisheries Information Service, Technical and Extension Series 144: 13â€“19.
Rao, N.V.S. & A. Dey (2000). Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper 187: 1â€“323.
Rao, N.V.S. (2017). Indian seashells, Part 2: Bivalvia. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper 375: 1â€“676.
Ravinesh, R., A. Bijukumar & V.D. Samuel (2018). Status of marine mollusc in illegal wildlife trade in India. G Wild Cry 34â€“39pp.
RÃ¶ding, P.F. (1906). Museum Boltenianum sive catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturae quae olim collegerat Joa. Fried. Bolten... Pars secunda: Continens Conchylia sive Testacea univalvia, bivalvia & multivalvia. British Museum (Natural History).
Samuel, V.D., D. Chacko & J.K.P. Edward (2005). Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of â€œthe lost worldâ€ â€“ Dhanushkodi, East coast of India. Proceedings of the National seminar on Reef ecosystem remediation. SDMRI research publication, Tuticorin, 9: 54â€“58pp.
Sanpanich, K. (2011). Marine bivalves occurring on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand. Science Asia 37: 195â€“204. https://doi.org/10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2011.37.195
Stella, C., J.S. Serebiah & J. Siva (2010). New distributional records of Placuna ephippium (Reizius, 1788) Family: Placunidae from Mandapam area - South east coast of India. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences 2(1): 40â€“41.
Thilagavathi, B., D. Varadharajan, A. Babu, J. Manoharan, S. Vijayalakshmi & T. Balasubramanian (2013). Distribution and Diversity of Macrobenthos in Different Mangrove Ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Coast, India. Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development 4(6): 1â€“12.
Tripathy, B., A.K. Mukhopadhyay (2015). Marine Molluscan Diversity in India. In: Venkataraman, K. & C. Sivaperuman. Marine Faunal Diversity in India, Taxonomy, Ecology and Conservation. Elsevier, 519pp.
Venkataraman, K., R. Jeyabaskaran, K.P. Raghuram & J.R.B. Alfred (2004). Bibliography and checklist of corals and coral reef associated organisms of India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata 468pp.
Young, A.L. (1980). Larval and post larval development of the windowpane shell, Placuna placenta Linnaeus, (Bivalvia: Placunidae) with a discussion on its natural settlement. Veliger 23(2): 141â€“148.