Main Article Content
Seasonal incidence of sugarcane planthopper Pyrilla perpusilla Walker (Hemiptera: Lophopidae) and its natural enemies was investigated at Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu during 2018. In this study, Fulgoraecia melanoleuca, a parasitoid of sugarcane planthopper Pyrilla perpusilla was observed in large numbers in the field. Brief notes on its biology, life stages, and extent of parasitism on the host were studied. Per cent parasitization in nymph and adult was 47.54 and 45.09, respectively, during the month of August. High resolution images of all life stages are provided to help in identification.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27184.108.40.20653-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Ahlawat, D.S. & D. Kumar (2015). Impact of Beneficial Arthropods on Sugarcane Insect Pests in Haryana. National Symposium on Integrated Pest Management for Sustainable Crop Protection. ICAR, New Delhi, 60pp.
Anonymous (2016). Annual report 2015–16 (Entomology). Sugarcane Breeding Institute Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. 12pp.
Anonymous (2017). Annual report 2016–17 (Entomology). Sugarcane Breeding Institute Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. 12pp.
Ansari, M.A., A.D. Pawar, S.N. Ahmad & T. Nagaraja (1989). Sugarcane pyrilla control by the use of Epiricania melanoleuca (Fletcher) in Karnataka. Plant protection Bulletin 41(1–2): 28–30.
Banerjee, S.N. (1973). Integrated control of Sugarcane Pyrilla in India. Pesticides: Annual 73–74.
Chand, P., A. Kumar, H. Chand & N. Kumar (2016). Bio-efficacy of some Insecticides against Pyrilla perpusilla Walker and its bioagent Epiricania melanoleuca on Sugarcane. The Bioscan 11(4): 2449–2452.
Chhillar, B.S. & Y.P. Madan (1992). Biological control of sugarcane leafhopper, Pyrilla perpusilla Walker. Indian Sugar 42(9): 691–694.
Fletcher, T.B. (1939). A new Epipyrops from India (Lepidoptera: Epipyropidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 30: 293–294. https:// doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300004600 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300004600
Gangwar, S.K., D.C. Srivastava, R.K. Tewari, M.R. Singh & D.C. Rajak (2008). Management of Pyrilla perpusilla Walker in sugarcane with ectoparasitoid Epiricania melanoleuca (Fletcher), during epidemics in sub-tropical India. Sugar Tech 10(2): 162–165.
Gholap, M.S. & A.G. Chandele (1985). Incidence of sugarcane leaf hopper and parasitization by its natural enemies in Western Maharashtra. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities 10(2): 235–236.
Heppner, J.B. (2008). Planthopper Parasite Moths (Lepidoptera: Epipyropidae), pp. 165–223. In: Capinera, J. L. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Entomology. Springer, Dordrecht, XLI+2580pp. https://doi.org/10.1007/0-306-48380-7_3283 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-306-48380-7_3283
Hugar, P.S., V. Rachappa & H. Rajendra (2002). Population dynamics of sugarcane leaf hopper, Pyrilla perpusilla (Walker) and its natural enemies in Northern Karnataka. In: Resources Management in Plant Protection during Twenty first century, Hyderabad, 2: 26–29.
Joshi, R.K. & S.K. Sharma (1989). Augmentation and conservation of Epiricania melanoleuca (Fletcher), for the population management of sugarcane leafhopper, Pyrilla perpusilla Walker, under arid conditions of Rajasthan. Indian Sugar 39(8): 625–628.
Kumar, R., V. Mittal, P. Chutia & V.V. Ramamurthy (2015). Taxonomy of Fulgoraecia melanoleuca (Fletcher, 1939), (Lepidoptera: Epipyropidae) in India, a biological control agent of Pyrilla perpusilla (Walker) (Hemiptera: Lophopidae). Zootaxa 3974(3): 431–439. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3974.3.10 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3974.3.10
Kumar, S., M.A. Khan & K. Sharma (2008). Natural parasitization of sugarcane leafhopper, Pyrilla perpusilla (Walk.) in Uttarakhand. Asian Journal of Bio Science 3(2): 286–288.
Kumarasinghe, N.C. & S.D. Wratten (1996). The sugarcane lophopid planthopper Pyrilla perpusilla (Homoptera: Lophopidae): a review of its biology, pest status and control. Bulletin of Entomological Research 86(5): 485–498. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300039286 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300039286
Mishkat, U. & M. Khalid (2007). Population Dynamics of Sugarcane Plant hopper Pyrilla perpusilla Walker (Lophopidae: Homoptera) and its Natural Enemies at District Mandi Baha-ud-din (Punjab). Pakistan Journal of Zoology 39(3): 153–157.
Misra, M.P. & S.S. Krishna (1986). Variation in sex ratio or age of sexes in mating pairs of Epiricania melanoleuca (F.) (Lepidoptera: Epipyropidae) affecting reproductive potential of the parasite. Applied Entomology 104: 208–210.
Pandey, K.P., M.N. Pandey, V.K. Mishra, S. Singh, D.N. Singh & S.B. Singh (2008). Studies on the effect of eco-friendly bio-agent Epiricania melanoleuca for the control of Sugarcane Pyrilla (Pyrilla perpusilla) in eastern U.P. Indian Agricultural Research Article 23(2): 91–95.
Patnaik, N.C., J.N. Mohanty, B.K. Mishra & M.K. Ghode (1990). Control of Sugarcane Pyrilla by Epiricania melanoleuca (Fletcher) (Epipyropidae: Lepidoptera) in Puri District of Orissa. Journal of Biological Control 4(1): 15–17. https://doi.org/10.18311/jbc/1990/15328
Patre, R.S. (2016). Studies on the population dynamics of sugarcane leaf hopper (Pyrilla perpusilla Walker) and its natural enemies. M. Sc. Thesis. College of Agriculture, Indira Gandhi Vishwavidyalaya, Raipur, 85pp.
Pawar, A.D., M.P. Misra & J. Singh (2002). Role of Epiricania melanoleuca Fletcher in biological control of sugarcane pyrilla, Pyrilla perpusilla Walker outbreak in 1999 in Western Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Biological Control 16(1): 71–76.
Pawar, A.D., R. Asre & B.I. Shukla (1988). Introduction and colonization of Epiricania melanoleuca (Fletcher) for the bio-control of sugarcane pyrilla in Saurashtra region of Gujarat state. Plant Protection Bulletin 40(1): 1–4.
Pierce, N.E. (1995). Predatory and Parasitic Lepidoptera: Carnivores living on Plants. Journal of the Lepidopterists Society 49: 412-453.
Rajak, D.C. (2006). Evaluation of insecticides, botanicals and bioagents for the control of Pyrilla perpusilla and effect on related parasitoid, Epiricania melanoleuca in sugarcane. Indian Journal of Plant Protection 34(2): 245–247.
Rajak, D.C. (2007). Colonization & redistribution of Epiricania melanoleuca Fletcher against Pyrilla perpusilla Walker. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 15: 83–86.
Rajak, D.C. & A. Varma (2001). Natural enemy complex of insect pest of sugarcane in the southern zone of Andhra Pradesh. Indian Journal of Sugarcane Technology 16(1): 114–116.
Sanehdeep, K., K. Vijay & D.S. Brar (2003). Surveillance and monitoring of insect pests of sugarcane in Jalandhar and Kapurthala Districts of Punjab. Insect Environment 9(3): 117–118.
Seneviratne, J.A.U.T. & N.C. Kumarasinghe (2002). Biological control of the sugarcane planthopper by the moth Epiricania melanoleuca (Fletcher) in Sri Lanka. Sugar Tech 4(2): 26–32.
Supeno, B. (2011). Bioecology of parasitic moth (Lepidoptera: Epipyropidae) on cashew shoothoppers, Sanurus spp. (Hemiptera: Flatidae) in Lombok island cashew plantation. Ph.D. Thesis. Institute Partanian Bogor, Bogor Agricultural University, 138pp. (In Indonesian with English abstract).
Swierczewski, D., T. Bourgoin & A. Stroinski (2016). Revision of the Madagascan Genus Paraflata (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Flatidae), with Notes on Planthopper hosts Parasitized by Epipyropidae Moths. Annales Zoologici 66(1): 57–82. https://doi.org/10.3161/00034541ANZ2016.66.1.005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3161/00034541ANZ2016.66.1.005
Tripathi, G.M. & R.R. Katiyar (1998). Evaluation of some insecticides against sugarcane leaf hopper, Pyrilla perpusilla and its ecto-parasitoid, Epiricania melanoleuca. Indian Journal of Entomology 60(4): 391–395.