Main Article Content
The cosmopolitan fern genus Ophioglossum (Ophioglossaceae) is distributed from low to high altitude plateaux, coastal plains and forest floors of India. This genus has received special attention from pteridologists worldwide since the discovery that Ophioglossum reticulatum possesses the largest number of chromosomes. There are, however, no reported studies of Ophioglossum in Goa, hence the present investigation was undertaken to study the diversity, distribution and conservation status of Ophioglossum in that state. A total of six species were collected from different localities, of which four (O. nudicaule, O. lusitanicum, O. parvifolium, and O. reticulatum) are reported as new distributional records for Goa State. A detailed morpho-taxonomy, illustration and photographs of all collected species are given, along with a key to the species.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27220.127.116.1153-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Beddome, R.H. (1883). Handbook to the ferns of British India. Ceylon and Malay Peninsula Thacker Spink & Co., Calcutta, 500pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.101756
Blatter, E. & J.F. d’Almeida (1922). The Ferns of Bombay. D B Taraporevala and Sons & Co, Bombay, 233pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.24062
Chakravarty, H.L. (1951). Indian Ophioglossum. The Botanical Society Bengal 5: 1–10.
Dalgado, D.G. (1898). Flora de Goa e Savantwadi. Sociedade Geographia de Lisboa, Lisbon, 290pp.
Datar, M.N. & P. Lakshminarasimhan (2010). Habitat based Pteridophyte diversity from Western Ghats of Goa, India Habitat based Pteridophyte diversity from Western Ghats of Goa, India. Phytotaxonomy 10: 70–76
Fraser-Jenkins, C.R., K.N. Gandhi, B.S. Kholia & A. Benniamin (2017). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes Part-1 (Lycopodiaceae to Thelypteridaceae). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, 562pp.
Fraser-Jenkins, C.R., K.N. Gandhi & B.S. Kholia (2018). An annotated checklist of Indian Pteridophytes Part–2 (Woodsiaceae to Dryopteridaceae). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, 573pp.
Goswami, H.K. (2007). Biology of Ophioglossum L. Bionature 27: 1–73.
Goswami, H.K., S.C. Verna & B.D. Sharma (2008). Biology of Pteridophytes –I. Ophioglossum, Linnaeus. Bionature Monograph, Catholic Press, Ranchi. 135pp.
Hassler M. & B. Schmitt (2020). Checklist of ferns and lycophytes of the world Version 8.30. With special support by Ralf Knapp (https://worldplants.webarchiv.kit.edu/ferns/).
Hiremath, K.G. (2003). Recent advances in environmental science. Discovery Publishing House. 470pp.
Irudayaraj, V. & S.S. Bir (1997) Notes on some Pteridophytes from the Western Ghats of Goa state South India. Indian Fern Journal 14: 113–117.
Jadhav, S. & S.K. Patil (2012). Fauna of Protected areas of Goa. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, 10pp.
Kachhiyapatel, R.N., S.M. Patil, S.K. Patel & K.S. Rajput (2018). Genus Ophioglossum L., from Western Part of India with special reference to Gujarat State. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 10(03): 373–378. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb10310243
Kerkar, V. & P. Shetkar (2009). Diversity and distribution of Pteridales (Pteridophyta) from Goa. pp. 82-86 In: Krishnan, S. and Bhat, D.J. (eds.) Plant and Fungal Biodiversity and Bioprospecting. Broadway Book Centre, Panaji, Goa. 187pp.
Khandelwal, S. (1987). New species of Ophioglossum L. from India. Indian Fern Journal 3: 89-94.
Khullar, S.P. (1994). An illustrated fern flora of the West Himalaya Vol I. International Book Distributors Dehradhun. 459pp.
Mahabale, T.S. (1962). Species of Ophioglossum in India. Their taxonomy and phylogeny. Bulletin Botanical Survey India 4: 71–84.
Manickam, V.S. & V. Irudayaraj (1992). Pteridophyte flora of Western Ghats, South India. B. I. Publication, New Delhi. 635pp.
Manickam, V.S., A. Benniamin & S. Harikrishnan, (2004). Diversity of the ferns and fern allies Goa in Western Ghats of India. Malaysian Journal of Science 23: 85–93.
Meteorological Centre, Goa (2020). Topography of Goa state. http://www.imdgoa.gov.in. Electronic version accessed in 2020.
Mazumdar, J., S.M. Patil, R.N. Kachhiyapatel, R.V. Patel & K.S. Rajput (2018). (2629) Proposal to conserve the name Ophioglossum parvifolium (Ophioglossaceae) with conserved type. Taxon 67(4): 807.
Naithani, H.B., K.C. Sahni & S.S.R. Bennet (1997). Forest Flora of Goa. International Book Distributors, Dehra Dun, 666pp.
Panigrahi, G. & R.D. Dixit (1969). Studies in Indian Pteridophytes IV: The Family Ophioglossaceae in India. Proceedings National Academy of India 35B: 230–266.
Patil, S.M. & M.M. Dongare (2014). The genus Ophioglossum from Western Ghats of India. Indian Fern Journal 31: 17–24.
Patil, S.M., R.N. Kachhiyapatel, R.S. Patel & K.S. Rajput (2018). Ophioglossum gujaratense, a new species from Gujarat State, India. Phytotaxa 351(4): 273–280. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.351.4.3
Rao, R.S. (1985–86). Flora of Goa, Diu, Daman, Dadra & Nagarhaveli. Vols. 1 & 2. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, 544pp.
Vartak, V.D. (1966). Enumeration of Plants from Gomantak. MACS, Pune, 167pp.
Yadav, B.L. & H.K. Goswami (2010). A new pink-brown Ophioglossum (Ophioglossaceae) from India. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science Series B 36(4): 155–159.