Main Article Content
Pangolins are poorly known species despite their high demand in the illegal international trade. This study has been conducted to analyze the awareness of Filipinos towards the endemic Philippine Pangolin Manis culionensis and how much they would be willing to contribute to its conservation. The respondents were selected from the social media reach of the researchers. The results showed that most of the respondents know about the pangolin from mass media such as news from television. Social media is also a factor in their awareness of the animal. They unanimously agreed that pangolins are important ecologically rather than its medicinal value in the illegal market trade. Overall, the respondents showed a high degree of knowledge of pangolins and have favorable attitudes towards its conservation.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27220.127.116.1153-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Anderson-Wilk, M. (2009). Changing the engines of change: Natural resource conservation in the era of social media. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 64(4): 129Aâ€“131A. https://doi.org/10.2489/jswc.64.4.129A
Bombaci, S.P., C.M. Farr, H.T. Gallo, A.M. Mangan, L.T. Stinson, M. Kaushik & L. Pejchar (2015). Using Twitter to communicate conservation science from a professional conference. Conservation Biology 30: 216. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12570
Broad, R. & J. Cavanagh (1993). Plundering Paradise: The Struggle for the Environment in the Philippines. University of California Press, Berkeley, 244pp.
Brossard, D. & D.A. Scheufele (2013). Science, new media, and the public. Science 339(6115): 40â€“41.
CITES (2016). Consideration of proposals for amendment of appendices I and II, CoP17 Prop. 10. Seventeenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties, 24 Septemberâ€“5 October 2016. CITES, Johannesburg, South Africa, 1â€“13.
Esseltlyn, J.A., P. Widmann & L.R. Heaney (2004). The mammals of Palawan Island, Philippines. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 117(3):271â€“302.
FAO (2006). Information and Communication for Natural Resource Management in Agriculture: A Training Sourcebook. Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations, Rome, 131pp.
Fauville, G., A. Lantz-Andersson & R. SÃ¤ljÃ¶ (2014). ICT tools in environmental education: reviewing two newcomers to schools. Environmental Education Research 20(2): 248â€“283. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2013.775220
Forrester, T.D., M. Baker, R. Costello, R. Kays, A.W. Parsons & W.J. McShea. (2016). Creating advocates for mammal conservation through citizen science. Biological Conservation. 208:98â€“105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.06.025
Gamalo, L.E. A.J. CabaÃ±as, K.J. Suetos, J.I Tauli, N.J Vegafria, F.M. Tenorio, M. Galapon, J. Balatibat. (2018). Awareness and perception on wildlife and conservation of teachers and college students in Los BaÃ±os, Laguna Philippines. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 12(2): 160â€“167.
Heaney, L.R., D.S. Balete, M.L. Dolar, A.C. Alcala, A.T.L. Dans, P.C. Gonzales, N.R. Ingle, M.V. Lepiten, W.L.R. Oliver, P.S. Ong, E.A. Rickart, B.R. Tabaranza, Jr. & R.C.B. Utzurrum (1998). A synopsis of the mammalian fauna of the Philippine Islands. Fieldiana: Zoology, n.s., 88: 61pp.
Humavindu, M.N. & J. Stage (2014). Community-based wildlife management failing to link conservation and financial viability. Animal Conservation 18, 4â€“13. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12134
Johnson, M.F., C.Hannah, L. Acton, R. Popovici, K.K. Karanth & E. Weinthal (2014). Network environmentalism: Citizen scientists as agents for environmental advocacy. Global Environmental Change 29: 235â€“245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.10.006
King, D. (2003). Communicators as architects of change. Journal of Applied Communications 87(1) : 1â€“3. https://doi.org/10.4148/1051-0834.2179
Lagrada, L., S. Schoppe & D. Challender (2014). Manis culionensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T136497A45223365. Downloaded on 08 April 2018. https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-2.RLTS.T136497A45223365.en
Lemon, J. & P. Grosjean (2018). prettyR: Pretty Descriptive Stats. R package version 2.2-2. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=prettyR
Lim, N.T.L. & P.K.L. Ng (2007). Home range, activity cycle and natal den usage of a female Sunda pangolin Manis javanica (Mammalia: Pholidota) in Singapore. Endangered Species Research 4: 233â€“240. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr00032
Loyd, K.T. & C.A, Miller (2010). Factors related to preferences for Trap-Neuter-Return management of feral cats among Illinois homeowners. Journal of Wildlife Management 74: 160â€“165. https://doi.org/10.2193/2008-488
Mahmood-ul-Hassan M, Faiz-ur-Rehman & M. Salim (2011). Public perceptions about the fruit bats in two horticulturally important districts of Pakistan. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 21(2): 135â€“141.
McKinley, D.C., A.J. Miller-Rushing, H.L. Ballard, R. Bonney, H. Brown, S.C. Cook-Patton, D.M. Evans, R.A. French, J.K. Parrish, T.B. Phillips, S.F. Ryan, L.A. Shanley, J.L. Shirk, K.F. Stepenuck, J.F. Weltzin, A. Wiggins, O.D. Boyle, R.D. Briggs, S.F. Chapin, D.A. Hewitt, P.W. Preuss & M.A. Soukup (2017). Citizen science can improve conservation science, natural resource management, and environmental protection. Biological Conservation 208: 15â€“28; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.015
Minin, E.D., H. Tenkanen & T. Toivonen (2015). Prospects and challenges for social media data in conservation science. Frontiers in Environmental Science 3: 63.
Muter, B.A., M.L. Gore, K.S. Gledhill, C. Lamont & C. Huveneers (2013). Australian and U.S. News media portrayal of sharks and their conservation. Conservation Biology 27: 187â€“196.
Nerbonne, J.F. & K.C. Nelson (2004). Volunteer macroinvertebrate monitoring in the United States: Resource mobilization and comparative state structures. Society and Natural Resources 17(9): 817â€“839. https://doi.org/10.80/08941920490493837
Pineda-Ofreneo R. (1993). Debt and environment: The Philippine experience, pp. 221â€“233. In: Howard, M.C. (ed.). Asiaâ€™s Environmental Crisis. Westview Press, Boulder, CO, 268pp.
Posa, M.R.C., A.C. Diesmos, N.S. Sodhi & T.M. Brooks (2008). Hope for threatened tropical biodiversity: Lessons from the Philippines. BioScience 58(3): 231â€“240.
R Core Team (2018). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org/
Rogers, E.M. (2003). Diffusion of Innovations, 5th Edition. Free Press, New York, 576pp.
Setlalekgomo, M.R. (2014). Ethnozoological survey of the indigenous knowledge on the use of pangolins (Manis sps.) in traditional medicine in Lentsweletau Extended Area in Botswana. Journal of Animal Science Advances 4(6): 883â€“890.
Shiffman, D.S. (2012). Twitter as a tool for conservation education and outreach: what scientiï¬c conferences can do to promote live-tweeting. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 2: 257â€“262.
Schoppe, S. & R. Cruz (Katala Foundation Inc.) (2009). The Palawan Pangolin Manis culionensis pp. 176â€“188. Proceedings of the Workshop on Trade and Conservation of Pangolins Native to South and Southeast Asia, 30 Juneâ€“2 July. TRAFFIC Southeast Asia, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia, 237pp.
Shumway N, L. Seabrook, C. McAlpine & P. Ward (2014). A mismatch of community attitudes and actions: A study of koalas. Landscape and Urban Planning 126: 42â€“52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2014.03.004
Teel, T.L., M.J. Manfredo & H.M. Stinchfield (2007). The need and theoretical basis for exploring wildlife value orientations cross-culturally. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 12(5): 297â€“305. https://doi.org/10.1080/10871200701555857
Thornton, C. & M.H., Quinn (2009). Coexisting with cougars: public perceptions, attitudes, and awareness of cougars on the urban-rural fringe of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Humanâ€“Wildlife Interactions 3(2): 282â€“295. https://doi.org/10.26077/xvx2-ba39
Wu, Y., L. Xie, S. Huang, P. Li, Z. Yuan & W. Liu. (2018). Using social media to strengthen public awareness of wildlife conservation. Ocean and Coastal Management 153: 76â€“83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.12.010