Efficacy of oxyclozanide and levamisole treatment on the gastrointestinal parasites in captive Lions Panthera leo

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Dhareppa Ganager
Gotakanapura Sanjeevamurthy Mamatha
Asoor Muralidhara
Nagappa Lakkundi Jaya
Beechagondahalli Papanna Shivashankar

Abstract

A study was carried out to determine the efficacy of anthelmintics on gastrointestinal parasites in lions under captivity at Bannerghatta Biological Park (Bengaluru), Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Garden (Mysuru) and Tiger-Lion Safari Tyavarekoppa (Shivamogga) during the period from January to June, 2018.  Out of 20 faecal samples subjected to qualitative and quantitative methods, 66.6% were found positive for eggs of Ancylostoma spp., 60.0% for Toxascaris leonina, 20.0% for Spirometra spp. and 13.3% for Balantidium coli cysts with an overall infection rate of 75.0%.  A combination of oxyclozonide 6% w/v and levamisole 3% w/v (Neozide plus) at the rate of 1ml per 4kg body weight revealed egg per gram counts for Ancylostoma spp., T. leonina and Spirometra spp. to be reduced from 100, 11,450 ± 11,250 and 100 to zero respectively on subsequent 3, 7, 10 and 21 days post treatment and proved to be cent per cent effective. 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Ganager, D., Mamatha, G.S. , Muralidhara, A., Jaya, N.L. and Shivashankar, B.P. 2019. Efficacy of oxyclozanide and levamisole treatment on the gastrointestinal parasites in captive Lions Panthera leo. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 11, 15 (Dec. 2019), 15043–15046. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4859.11.15.15043-15046.
Section
Short Communications
Author Biographies

Dhareppa Ganager, Wildlife Unit, Veterinary College, Hebbal, Bengaluru & Institute of Wildlife Veterinary Research, Doddaluvara, Kodagu, Karnataka 571234, India.

Veterinary Officer

AHVS, GOK

Gotakanapura Sanjeevamurthy Mamatha, Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary College, Hebbal, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560024, India.

Assistant Professor

Department of Veterinary Parasitology

Veterinary College, Hebbal

Bengaluru-560 024.

Asoor Muralidhara, Wildlife Unit, Veterinary College, Hebbal, Bengaluru & Institute of Wildlife Veterinary Research, Doddaluvara, Kodagu, Karnataka 571234, India.

Professor

Department of Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex

Veterinary College, Hebbal

Bengaluru-560 024.

Nagappa Lakkundi Jaya, Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary College, Hebbal, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560024, India.

Assistant Professor

Department of Veterinary Parasitology

Veterinary College, Hebbal

Bengaluru-560 024.

Beechagondahalli Papanna Shivashankar, Institute of Animal Health & Veterinary Biologicals, Hebbal, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560024, India.

Assistant Professor

IAHVB, Hebbal

Bengaluru-560024.

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