Main Article Content
A survey was conducted to record the diversity, status, and occurrence of butterfly species in the Kuvempu University Campus, Jnana Sahyadri, Shivamogga District, Karnataka during February 2010 to January 2011. A total of 115 species of butterflies in 77 genera, belonging to five families were recorded. Nymphalidae comprised the highest number of species, followed by Lycaenidae, Pieridae, Papilionidae, and Hesperiidae. The study area hosts 14 species of butterflies protected under various schedules of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. Nine species recorded are endemic to the Western Ghats of peninsular India and Sri Lanka. Hence there is an urgent need to protect this habitat by adapting long-term monitoring programs to manage and conserve the butterfly diversity.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27126.96.36.19953-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Aneesh, K.S., C.K. Adarsh & P.O. Nameer (2013). Butterflies of Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) campus, Thrissur, Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(9): 4422–4440. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2870.4422-40
Balmer, O. & A. Erhardt (2000). Consequences of succession on extensively grazed grassland for central European butterfly communities: rethinking conservation practices. Conservation Biology 14: 746–757.
Beccaloni, G.W. & K.J. Gaston (1995). Predicting the species richness of neotropical forest butterflies: Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) as indicators. Biological Conservation 71: 77–86.
Gilbert, L.E & M.C. Singer (1975). Butterfly ecology. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 6: 365–397.
Gaonkar, H. (1996). Butterflies of the Western Ghats, India, including Sri Lanka: A biodiversity assessment of a threatened mountain system. Centre for ecological Sciences, IISc, Bangalore and the Natural History Museum, London, 89pp.
Kakati, M. (2006). Diversity, Distribution & Ecology of Nymphalidae Butterflies in Rani- Garbhanga Reserve Forest, Kamrup, Assam. Ph.D. Thesis. Submitted to Gauhati University, 172pp.
Kasambe, R. (2018). Butterflies of Western Ghats- An e-Book. (2nd Edition). Published by author, 372pp.
Kehimkar, I. (2008). The Book of Indian Butterflies. Bombay Natural History Society and Oxford University Press, 497pp.
Kunte, K. (2000). India- A Lifescape Butterflies of Peninsular India. Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, Universities Press, 270pp.
Kunte, K. (2008). The Wildlife (Protection) Act and conservation prioritization of butterflies of the Western Ghats, southwestern India. Current Science 94(6): 729.
Kunte, K., A. Joglekar, G. Utkarsh & P. Padmanabhan (1999). Patterns of butterfly, bird and tree diversity in the Western Ghats. Current Science 77(4): 577–586.
Kunte, K., S. Sondhi & P. Roy (Eds.) (2018). Butterflies of India, v. 2.39. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. http://www. ifoundbuterfies.org/Accessed 06 February 2021.
Margules, C.R. & R.L. Pressey (2000). Systematic conservation planning. Nature 405: 243–253.
Padhye., A., S. Shelke & N. Dahanukar (2012). Distribution and composition of butterfly species along the latitudinal and habitat gradients of the Western Ghats of India. Check List 8(6): 1196–1215.
Pollard, E. (1979). A national scheme for monitoring the abundance of butterflies. The First Three Years British Entomological and Natural History Society. Proceedings and Transations 12:77–99.
Sneha, C. (2018). Butterflies of Peringome Vayakkara Panchayath, Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(1): 11205–11209. https://doi.org/10.10.11609/jott.24188.8.131.5205-11209
Thomas, S. (1966). Bulletin of the Madras Government Museum-Descriptive catalog of the butterflies. Natural History Section 7: 1.
Wynter-Blyth, M.A. (1957). Butterflies of the Indian Region. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, 72pp.