Main Article Content
An apparently healthy 2½-year-old male Grant’s Zebra weighing approximately 200kg located at Nandankanan Zoological Park, Odisha, India, procured from Zoological Centre, Tel Aviv- Ramat Gan, Israel during September 2015 was noticed in a sitting position making frequent attempts to get up. The zebra was immobilised the same day with a combination of 1.96mg etorphine hydrochloride, 8.0mg of acepromazine and 40.0mg of xylazine hydrochloride to facilitate diagnosis and treatment. Clinical examinations did not reveal any signs suggestive of disease or disorder of the musculoskeletal system. Microscopic examination of blood smears stained in Giemsa’s stain revealed the presence of intra-erythrocytic inclusions, either single or pairs, suggestive of haemoprotozoans, i.e., B. caballi and/or T. equi. The zebra was administered with two divided doses of imidocarb injection @4.0mg/kg b.wt. deep intramuscularly in the neck region with supportive therapy. Progressive improvement in posture, gait, and appetite were noticed following 24h of medication. Three more doses of imidocarb were administered at 72h intervals, each time after immobilisation.
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.27184.108.40.20653-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Acici, M., S. Umur, T. Guvenc, H.H. Arslan & M. Kurt (2008). Seroprevalence of equine babesiosis in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Parasitology International 57: 198–200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2007.12.009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2007.12.009
Alhassan, A., W. Pumidonming, M. Okamura, H. Hirata, B. Battsetseg, K. Fujisaki, N. Yokoyama, & I. Igarashi (2005). Development of a single-round and multiplex PCR method for the simultaneous detection of Babesia caballi and Babesia equi in horse blood. Veterinary Parasitology 129: 43–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2004.12.018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2004.12.018
Bhoora, R., P. Buss, A.J. Guthrie, B.L. Penzhorn & N.E. Collins (2010). Genetic diversity of piroplasms in Plains Zebra (Equus quagga burchellii) and Cape Mountain Zebra (Equus zebra zebra) in South Africa. Veterinary Parasitology 174 (1–2): 145–149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.08.014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.08.014
de Waal, D.T. & J. van Heerden (2004). Equine Piroplasmosis, pp. 425–433. In: Coetzer, J.A.W. & R.C. Tustin (eds.). Infectious Diseases of Livestock, 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, New York.
Donnellan, C.M.B. & H.J. Marais (2009). Equine piroplasmosis, pp. 333–340. In: Mair, T. S. & R. E. Hutchinson (eds.). Infectious Diseases of the Horse. Equine Veterinary Journal Ltd., Ely, Cambridgeshire.
Friedhoff, K.T. & C. Soulé (1996). An account on equine babesiosis. Scientific and Technical Review of the Office International des Epizooties 15(3): 1191–1201. https://doi.org/10.20506/rst.15.3.972 DOI: https://doi.org/10.20506/rst.15.3.972
Kaandorp, J. (eds.) (2010). Equine Piroplasmosis. Transmissible Diseases Handbook, 4th Edition. IDWG-EAZWV, IDWG Secretariat, Hilvarenbeek, Netherlands, 119pp.
Lampen, F., R. Bhoora, N.E. Collins & B.L. Penzhorn (2009). Putative clinical piroplasmosis in a Burchell’s Zebra (Equus quagga burchelli). Journal of South African Veterinary Association 80(4): 257–260. https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v80i4.223 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v80i4.223
Levi, M.M., S. Tirosh-Levy, R. Dahan, D. Berlin, A. Steinman, N. Edery, I. Savitski, B. Lebovich, D. Kowles, C. E. Suarez, G. Beneth & M.L. Mazuz (2018). First detection of diffuse and cerebral Theileria equi infection in neonatal filly. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 60: 23–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2017.10.016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2017.10.016
Nath, I., S. Samantara & S.K. Panda (2012). Deep gluteal abscess in a zebra (Equus burchelli boehmi). Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 32: 201–204. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2011.08.022 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2011.08.022
Radostits, O.M., C.C. Gay, K.W. Hinchcliff & P.D. Constable (2006). Veterinary Medicine: A Text Book of the Diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep, Pigs and Goats, 10th edition. Saunders Elsevier, India, 1494pp.
Senthilkumar, K., R. Thirumurgan & P.N. Khan (2005). Chemical immobilization of Grant’s Zebra (Equus buchelli boehmi) for examination and treatment of lameness. Zoos’ Print 20(6): 1914. http://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.1330a.1914 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.1330a.1914
Soulsby, E.J.L. (1982). Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals, 7th edition. Bailliere Tindall, London, 809pp.
Walzer, C. (2003). Equidae, pp. 578–586. In: Fowler, M.E. & R.E. Miller (eds.). Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, 5th edition. Saunders, St. Louis, Missouri, 782pp.
Zweygarth, E., L.M. Lopez-Rebollar & P. Meyer (2002). In vitro isolation of equine piroplasms derived from Cape Mountain Zebra (Equus zebra zebra) in South Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 69(3): 197–200.