First photographic record of the Rusty-spotted Cat Prionailurus rubiginosus (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1831) (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) in Horton Plains National Park, Sri Lanka

Main Article Content

Thilina Sudarshana Nimalrathna
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2368-042X
Yan Ru Choo
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8852-7178
Enoka P. Kudavidanage
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7063-6045
Thakshila Ravindra Amarasinghe
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6513-2213
Udamulle Gedara Sumith Indika Bandara
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1433-1540
Wanninayaka Aarahchilage Charitha Lakmal Wanninayaka
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9369-9839
Piyal Ravindrakumar
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6061-5950
Marcus Aik Hwee Chua
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0229-5127
Edward L Webb
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5554-9955

Abstract

The Rusty-spotted Cat Prionailurus rubiginosus is thought to be present in most forested areas of Sri Lanka.  Though it was suggested that the species may occur in montane regions, there was no photographic evidence to date.  Here we present the first photographic record of the Rusty-spotted Cat in Horton Plains National Park.  Individuals including cubs were photo-captured on 15 separate occasions during a 5,538 camera trap days study.  These photo-captures were made both during the day and night, and indicate the presence of a breeding population in this protected area. 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Nimalrathna, T.S., Choo, Y.R., Kudavidanage, E.P., Amarasinghe, T.R., Bandara, U.G.S.I., Wanninayaka, W.A.C.L., Ravindrakumar, P., Chua, M.A.H. and Webb, E.L. 2019. First photographic record of the Rusty-spotted Cat Prionailurus rubiginosus (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1831) (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) in Horton Plains National Park, Sri Lanka. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 11, 4 (Mar. 2019), 13506–13510. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.4094.11.4.13506-13510.
Section
Short Communications
Author Biographies

Yan Ru Choo, Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117558.

Department of Biological Sciences

Edward L Webb, 14 Science Drive 4, Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117558.

Department of Biological Sciences

References

Fernando, S.N.U. (1968). The Natural Vegetation of Ceylon. Lake House Bookshop, Colombo, 85pp.

GADM (2015). Database of Global Administrative Areas, Version 2.8. Available online at https://gadm.org/maps/LKA.html. Downloaded on 31 October 2017.

IUCN (1990). Directory of South Asian Protected Areas. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, U.K., xxiv+294pp.

Kittle, A. & A. Watson (2004). Rusty-spotted Cat in Sri Lanka: observations of an arid zone population. Cat News 40: 17–19.

Kittle, A.M., A.C. Watson, S.A. Cushman & D.W. Macdonald (2017). Forest cover and level of protection influence the island-wide distribution of an apex carnivore and umbrella species, the Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya). Biodiversity Conservation 27(1): 235–263; https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-017-1431-8

Ministry of Environment (2012). The National Red List of Sri Lanka: Conservation Status of the Fauna and Flora. Ministry of Environment, Sri Lanka.

Mukherjee, S., J.W. Duckworth, A. Silva, A. Appel & A. Kittle (2016). Prionailurus rubiginosus. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: e.T18149A50662471. Downloaded on 28 November 2017; https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T18149A50662471.en

Nekaris, K.A.I. (2003). Distribution and behaviour of three small wild cats in Sri Lanka. Cat News 38: 30–32.

Padmalal, U.K.G.K. & T. Kikuchi (1993). A phytosociological survey on grassland in Horton Plains National Park, Sri Lanka. Ecological Review = Seitaigaku Kenkyu 22(4): 159–174.

Phillips, W.W.A. (1980). Manual of the Mammals of Sri Lanka. Wildlife and Nature Protection Society of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 116pp.

R Core Team (2018). The R Project for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Available online at https://www.R-project.org/. Accessed on 22 July 2018.

Ridout, M. & M. Linkie (2009). Estimating overlap of daily activity patterns from camera trap data. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics 14(3): 322–337; https://doi.org/10.1198/jabes.2009.08038

Sri Lanka Tourist Board (2017). Annual Statistical Report 2016. Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority ASR, 106pp. http://www.sltda.lk/sites/default/files/annual-statical-report-2017.pdf

Sunquist, M.E. & F.C. Sunquist (2009). Family Felidae (cats), pp54–168. In: Wilson, D.E. & R.A. Mittermeier (eds.) Handbook of the Mammals of the World, Vol. 1. Carnivores. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain, 728pp.

Werner, W.L. (1988). Canopy dieback in the upper montane rain forests of Sri Lanka. GeoJournal 17(2): 245–248; https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02432929

World Heritage Convention (2018). Central Highlands of Sri Lanka. In: UNESCO World Heritage Centre, World Heritage List. Available online at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1203. Accessed on 22 February 2018.