Distribution of Grasshoppers (Insecta: Orthoptera) among different host plants and habitats in two districts of Tamil Nadu, India

Main Article Content

M.G. Paulraj
V. Anbalagan
S. Ignacimuthu

Abstract

In a survey of grasshoppers in nine localities of northeastern Tamil Nadu, carried out from August 2004 to December 2006, 33 grasshopper species grouped under four families were recorded. Family Acrididae was found to be the predominant group of grasshoppers represented by 21 species, which was 63.6% of the total species collected. The acridids collected can be classified under seven subfamilies and 15 genera. Family Tettigoniidae was the second largest group represented by six species falling under five genera and three subfamilies, and this family contributed 18.2% to the total grasshopper species recorded in this study. Among the different habitats, grasses supported the highest number of 18 species (54.6%) while 11 species were surface grasshoppers. The painted grasshopper Poekilocerus pictus (Fab.) was collected from many plants viz., Calotropis, curry leaf, grass, groundnut, okra, and on ground. The maximum number of species was recorded from Manimangalam in Kancheepuram District during the entire study period.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Paulraj, M., Anbalagan, V. and Ignacimuthu, S. 2009. Distribution of Grasshoppers (Insecta: Orthoptera) among different host plants and habitats in two districts of Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 1, 4 (Apr. 2009), 230–233. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o1878.230-3.
Section
Communications
Author Biographies

M.G. Paulraj

M. Gabriel Paulraj is currently studying the diversity of insect fauna, mass rearing of biological control agents and screening botanical pesticides against field pests.

V. Anbalagan

V. Anbalagan Research Scholar, is working on pest and natural enemy diversity in agroecosystem for a PhD degree.

S. Ignacimuthu

S. Ignacimuthu is the Director of Entomology Research Institute; and formerly was the Vice Chancellor of Bharathiar University and University of Madras. He currently guides Ph.D. students and is involved in research in botanical pesticides, insect diversity, vector control, ethanopharmacology, biotechnology and microbiology.