Main Article Content
The Coromandel Damselfly Ceriagrion coromandelianum can be easily identified because of its bright yellow abdomen, greenish thorax and eyes.Â In females, the abdomen is darker with light brown colouration extending to dark brown towards the terminal end.Â The documentation of the reproductive behaviour of Ceriagrion coromandelianum was carried out at the botanical garden of Hislop College, Nagpur, India.Â The males of C. coromandelianum arrive early in the morning by 07:00hr at the ovipositing site.Â They belong to â€œsit and waitâ€ type of mate-location.Â While perched and waiting for the female to arrive they at times exhibit abdominal bobbing, and oviposition posture.Â The territorial area of male C. coromandelianum is very small, within a range of about 45cm around his perch.Â There is no precopulatory courtship display and the male move toward the arriving receptive female and directly tries to form a tandem link.Â The other males of the group follow the pair.Â The tandem pair flies towards the safety of the surrounding vegetation to copulate. Before copulation, the male fills his penis vesicle with sperm material by the process of â€œintra male sperm translocationâ€ which lasts for 30Â±8 seconds.Â The female curves her abdomen ventrally forward so that her gonopore which is located between the eighth and ninth sternite comes to lie before the secondary copulatory apparatus of the male and forms a strong genital link, to form the copulatory wheel.Â The copulation duration can be long (34â€“55 min) or short (12â€“15 min).Â Two stages of copulation depending upon the pumping movement of the couple can be differentiated.Â During the first stage, the male rhythmically and forcefully depresses and stretches the first two abdominal segments, vigorously pumping the penis inside the female vagina which accounts for 72% of the copulation duration.Â The second stage starts with rapid short thrusting movement which are not forceful but exhibit shallow movements of the first two abdominal segment of the male.Â The tandem pairs after copulation may directly move for oviposition or settle around the surrounding foliage and exhibit â€œpost-copulatory restingâ€ (PCR) behaviour.Â It is noted that 23.3% females immediately commence oviposition, 53.4% exhibit brief, while 23.3% display prolonged PCR behaviour.ÂÂ
Authors own the copyright to the articles published in JoTT. This is indicated explicitly in each publication. The authors grant permission to the publisher Wildlife Information Liaison Development (WILD) Society to publish the article in the Journal of Threatened Taxa. The authors recognize WILD as the original publisher, and to sell hard copies of the Journal and article to any buyer. JoTT is registered under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which allows authors to retain copyright ownership. Under this license the authors allow anyone to download, cite, use the data, modify, reprint, copy and distribute provided the authors and source of publication are credited through appropriate citations (e.g., Son et al. (2016). Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the southeastern Truong Son Mountains, Quang Ngai Province, Vietnam. Journal of Threatened Taxa 8(7): 8953–8969. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2722.214.171.12453-8969). Users of the data do not require specific permission from the authors or the publisher.
Alcock, J. (1988). The mating system of Orthetrum caledonicum (Brauer), with special reference to variation in copulation duration (Anisoptera: Libellulidae). Odonatologica 17: 1â€“8.
Andrew, R.J. (2001). Evidence of sperm displacement in Ischnura aurora. Odonatologica 30: 435-439.
Andrew, R.J., K.A. Subramanian & A.D. Tiple (2008). A Handbook of Common Odonates of Central India. Published by the South Asian Council of Odonatology (SACO), India for the 18th International Symposium of Odonatology, 54pp.
Buchwald, R. (1991). Libellenfunna und vegetation - eine Zwischenbilanz biozonologicher Forschung. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft fÃ¼r Ã–kology 2: 45â€“62.
Carle, F.L. (1982). Evolution of the odonate copulatory process. Odonatologica 11: 271â€“286.
Corbet, P.S. (1999). Dragonflies - Behaviour and Ecology of Dragonflies. Harley Books (B.H. Hsrley and A. Harley Ltd.), Great Horkesley, England, 829pp.
Conrad, K.F. & G. Pritchard (1988). The reproductive behavior ofÂ Argia vivida Hagen: an example of a female-control mating system (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae).Â Odonatologica 17: 179â€“185.
Cordoba-Aguilar, A. (2010). Seasonal variation in genital and body size, sperm displacement ability, female mating rate and male harassment in two calopterygid damselï¬‚ies (Odonata: Calopterygidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 6: 815â€“829.
Cordero-Rivera, A. & P.L. Miller (1992). Sperm transfer, displacement and precedence in Ischnura graellsii (Odonata: Coenagrionidae). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 30: 261â€“267.
Cordero-Rivera, A., J.A. Andres, A. Cordoba & C. Utzeri (2004). Postmating sexual selection: allopathic evolution of sperm competition mechanisms and genital morphology in calopterygid damselflies (Insecta: Odonata). Evolution 58: 349â€“359.
Fincke, O.M. (1987). Female monogamy in the damselï¬‚y Ischnura verticalis Say (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae). Odonatologica 16: 129â€“143.
Fraser, F.C. (1933). The Fauna of British India - Odonata - Vol. 1. Taylor & Francis, London, 423pp.
Furtado, J.I. (1974). The reproductive behavior of Copera marginipes (Rambur) and C. vitata acutimargo (Kruger) (Zygoptera: Platycnemididae). Odonatologica 3: 167â€“177.
Matsuda, R. (1976). Morphology and Evolution of the Insect Abdomen. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 534pp.
Meek, S.B. & T.B. Herman (1990). A comparison of the reproductive behaviours of three Calopteryx species (Odonata: Calopterygidae) in Nova Scotia. Canadian
Journal of Zoology 68: 10â€“16.
Miller, P.L. (1987a). An examination of the prolonged copulations of Ischnura elegans (Vander Linden) (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae). Odonatologica 16: 37â€“56.
Miller, P.L. (1987b). Sperm competition in Ischnura elegans (Vander Linden) (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae). Odonatologica 16: 201â€“207.
Miller, P.L & A.K. Miller (1989). Post-copulatory â€˜restingâ€™ in Orthetrum coerulescens (Fabricius) and some other Libellulidae: time for â€˜sperm handlingâ€™? (Anisoptera). Odonatologica 18: 33-41.
Miller, A.K. & P.L. Miller (1985). Flight style, sexual identity and male interactions in a nonterritorial dragonfly Onychogomphus forcipatus unguiculatus (Van der Lindane) (Odonata: Gomphidae). The Entomoiogistâ€™s Monthly Magazine 121: 127â€“132.
Mizuta, K. (1988). Adult ecology of Ceriagrion melanurum Selys, and C. nipponicum Asahina (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae) 1. Diurnal variations in the reproductive behaviour. Odonatologica 17: 195â€“204.
Mokrushov, P.A. & L.I. Frantsevich (1976). Visual stimuli in behavior of dragonflies. III. Choice of settling place in Erythromma najas. Vestnik Zoologii (Kiev). 4: 20â€“24.
Prasad, M. (1990). Reproductive behaviour of Ceriagrion coromandelianum (Fabricius) and Pseudoagrion rubriceps Selys ((Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae). Annals of Entomology 8: 35â€“58.
Rowe, R.J. (1987). The Dragonflies of New Zealand. Auckland University Press, 260pp.
Sakagami, S.F., H. Ubukata, M. Iga & M.J. Toda (1974). Observations on the behavior of some Odonata in the Bonin Islands, with considerations on the evolution of reproductive behavior in Libellulidae. Journal of the Faculty of Sciences, Hokkaido University, Series 6, Zoology 19: 722â€“757.
Samway, M.J. (1994). Insect Conservation Biology. Chapman and Hall, London, 358pp.
Sharma, G. (2009). Life history reproductive and behaviour of Ceriagrion coromandelianum (Fabricius) (Odonata: Insecta). Annals of Forestry 17: 298â€“310.
Srivastava, B.K. & B.S. Babu (1985). Reproductive behaviour of Ceriagrion coromandelianum (Fabricius) (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae). Proceedings of the First Indian Symposium of Odonatology 209â€“216.
Tajima, Y. & M. Watanabe (2014). Seasonal variation of genital morphology and sperm removal in damselfly Ischnura asiatica (Brauer) (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae). Odonatologica 43: 213â€“226.
Thompson, D.J. (1990). On the biology of the damselfly Nososticta kalumburu Watson & Theischinger (Zygoptera: Protoneuridae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 40: 347â€“356.
Waage, J.K. (1982). Sperm displacement by male Lestes vigilax Hagen (Zygoptera: Lestidae). Odonatologica 11: 201â€“209.
Waage, J.K. (1984). Sperm competition and the evolution of Odonate mating systems, pp. 251â€“290. In: Smith, R.L. (ed.) Sperm Competition and the Evolution of Animal Mating Systems. Academic Press, New York, 710pp.
Waage, J.K. (1986). Evidence of widespread sperm displacement ability amongst Zygoptera and the means for predicting its presence. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 28: 285â€“300.
Waage, J.K. (1988). Reproductive behaviour of the damselfly Calopteryx dimidiata Burmeister (Zygoptera: Calopterygidae). Odonatologica 17: 365â€“378.