Crocodiles of river Krishna: impact on agriculture, economy, and the sociology of human population in Sangli, Maharashtra, India

Main Article Content

Rajaram Hindurao Atigre
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7412-2922

Abstract

Krishna is one of the main rivers of the Deccan Plateau. It begins its course in the Western Ghats. A large human population relies on the river Krishna for agricultural irrigation, watering livestock (cattle), fishing and other activities. The presence of and attacks by the Mugger Crocodile Crocodylus palustris on humans and livestock are reported in the Krishna resulted in the formulation of the present research. Data collection comprised on-site observations and field interviews using a structured questionnaire. Attacks were found to occur mostly during winter and summer seasons. During winter, crocodiles bask in the sunlight on river banks and attack in self-defense. The summer season corresponds with their breeding period and attacks occur as the crocodiles protect their nests.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Atigre, R.H. 2018. Crocodiles of river Krishna: impact on agriculture, economy, and the sociology of human population in Sangli, Maharashtra, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 10, 11 (Oct. 2018), 12571–12576. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3501.10.11.12571-12576.
Section
Short Communications
Author Biography

Rajaram Hindurao Atigre, Department of Zoology, Shri Vijaysinha Yadav Arts and Science College (Affiliated to Shivaji University), Peth Vadgaon, Kolhapur, Maharashtra 416112, India

Assistant Professor and Head, Dept. of Zoology, Shri Vijaysinha Yadav Arts and Science College, Peth Vadgaon, Dist. Kolhapur

References

Abercrombie, C. L. (1978). Notes on West African Crocodilians (Reptilia, Crocodilia). Journal of Herpetology 12(2): 260–262.

Atigre, R. H., S. R. Patil, M. G. Babare (2015). Counting of probable basking sites of Mugger Crocodile Crocodylus palustris (Lesson, 1831) from Warana Basin, Western Maharashtra, India. Reptile Rap 17: 27–29.

Barnes, R.F.W. (1996). The conflict between humans and elephants in the central African forests. Mammal Society 26(2/3): 67–87.

Botha, H., W. Van Hoven & L.J. Guillette (2011). The decline of the Nile crocodile population in Loskop Dam, Olifants River South Africa, Water South Africa 37(1): 103–108.

Charnock-Wilson, J. (1970). Manatees and Crocodiles. Oryx 10: 236–238.

Combrink, X., J.L. Korrubel, R. Kyle, R. Taylor & P. Ross (2011). Evidence of declining Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) population at Lake Sibaya, South Africa, South African journal of wildlife research 41(2): 145–157.

Directorate of Census Operations, Maharashtra (2011). District Census Handbook Sangli, XII-B, 2011.

Ehrlich, P.R. (2009). Cultural evolution and the human predicament Tree 24: 409–412.

Moore, J. C. (1953). The crocodile in the Everglades National Park. Copeia 1: 54–59.

Ogada, M.O., R. Woodroffe, N.O. Oguge & L.G. Frank (2003). Limiting depredation by African carnivores: the role of livestock husbandry Conservation Biology 17: 1521–1530.

Parker, I.S.C. & R.M. Watson (1970). Crocodile distribution and status in the major waters of western and central Uganda in 1969. East Africa Wildlife Journal 8: 85–103.

Patil S.R. & R.H. Atigre (2016) Occurrence of a nest of crocodile Crocodylus palustris in Kadavi River at Sarud, Tal-Shahuwadi, Dist-Kolhapur, MS, India, Crocodiles. Proceedings of the 24th Working Meeting of the IUCN-SSC Crocodile Specialist Group. IUCN: Gland, Switzerland 159–161.

Patil S.R., R.H. Atigre & S.V. Patil (2012) First Record of Mugger Crocodile Crocodylus palustris (Lesson, 1831) from River Kadavi at Sarud, Tal, Shahuwadi, Dist. Kolhapur, M.S., India. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Agriculture and Animal Science, IACSIT Press, Singapore 47: 100–104.

Botha, P.J. (2010) The distribution, conservation status and blood biochemistry of Nile Crocodile in the Olifants River system in Mpumalanga, South Africa. PhD Thesis. University of Pretoria.

Scheiess-Meier, M., S. Ramsauer, T. Gabanapelo & B. Kong (2007). Livestock predation-insight from problem animal control registers in Botswana. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(4): 1267–1274.

Shacks, V. (2006). Habitat vulnerability for the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. MA dissertation University of Stellenbosch, Cape.

Stuart, C. (2014). The impact of Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) on the communal livelihoods: A case study of areas surrounding Ruti Dam in Gutu and Buhera districts in Zimbabwe, M. Sc. Dissertation, University of South Africa, xxi+125pp.

Vanak, A.T. & M.E. Gompper (2009). Dogs (Canis familiaries) as carnivores: their role and function in intra-guild competition. Mammal Review 39: 265–283.

Whitaker, N. (2007). Survey of human/crocodile conflict in India, Maharashtra State. Madras Crocodile Trust 1–18.

Whitaker, R. & Z. Whitaker (1978). Growth rate of Crocodylus palustris Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 75: 231–232.

Whitaker, R. & H. Andrews (2003). Crocodile conservation, Western Asia Region: an update. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 100(2&3): 432–445.

Woodroffe, R., L.G. Frank, P.A. Lindsey, S.M.K. Ole Ranah & S. Romanach (2007) Livestock husbandry as a tool for carnivore conservation in Africa’s community rangelands: a case-control study. Biodiversity Conservation 16: 1245–1260.