The Lion-tailed Macaque Macaca silenus (Primates: Cercopithecidae): conservation history and status of a flagship species of the tropical rainforests of the Western Ghats, India

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M. Singh
W. Kaumanns
M. Singh
H.S. Sushma
S. Molur

Abstract

The Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus) is a threatened species inhabiting the rainforests of the Western Ghats mountain range in southern India. Once assessed to be less than a thousand individuals remaining in the wild habitats, the population is now estimated to be between 3000 and 3500 individuals. However, the rainforest habitats of the species are highly fragmented. During the past three decades or less, the population of this species has severely declined due to habitat degradation and illegal hunting in several areas of its occurrence. In situ conservation programs included notification of certain areas as Lion-tailed Macaque conservation regions. Several captive breeding programs have been initiated in order to have a viable captive population of the species. However, the analysis reveals that both in situ and ex situ conservation programs have not achieved the desired success and the species is even more endangered than it was a few decades ago. In this article, we discuss these conservation programs and suggest further measures for effective conservation of Lion-tailed Macaques.

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How to Cite
[1]
Singh, M., Kaumanns, W., Singh, M., Sushma, H. and Molur, S. 2009. The Lion-tailed Macaque Macaca silenus (Primates: Cercopithecidae): conservation history and status of a flagship species of the tropical rainforests of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 1, 3 (Mar. 2009), 151–157. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o2000.151-7.
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Reviews
Author Biographies

M. Singh

Mewa Singh has been working on primates for three decades and has spent considerable time in the Annamalais studying LTMs. He is involved in primate behavior, and is currently studying the status of mammals in Karnataka.

W. Kaumanns

Werner Kaumanns has worked on LTMs in captivity for over two and a half decades. He is also interested in the management of LTMs in fragmented habitats.

M. Singh

Mridula Singh worked on mode of parental investent patterns by the female LTMs, and is also interested in the behavior of LTMs.

H.S. Sushma

H.S. Sushma did her Ph.D. work on sympatric LTM, Nilgiri Langur, Giant Squirrel and Bonnet Macaque. She is interested in the ecology and behavior of LTMs.

S. Molur

Sanjay Molur has been involved in conservation status assessments of fauna and flora in South Asia for over 12 years and is currently working on the status of small mammals of the Western Ghats.

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