Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus Bennett, 1833 (Carnivora: Felidae) distribution and habitat characteristics in Chitwan National Park, Nepal

Main Article Content

Rama Mishra
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8648-7256
Khadga Basnet
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1853-4601
Rajan Amin
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0797-3836
Babu Ram Lamichhane
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0580-7682

Abstract

The Fishing Cat is a highly specialized and threatened felid, and its status is poorly known in the Terai region of Nepal.  Systematic camera-trap surveys, comprising 868 camera-trap days in four survey blocks of 40km2 in Rapti, Reu and Narayani river floodplains of Chitwan National Park, were used to determine the distribution and habitat characteristics of this species.  A total of 19 photographs of five individual cats were recorded at three locations in six independent events.  Eleven camera-trap records obtained during surveys in 2010, 2012 and 2013 were used to map the species distribution inside Chitwan National Park and its buffer zone.  Habitat characteristics were described at six locations where cats were photographed.  The majority of records were obtained in tall grassland surrounding oxbow lakes and riverbanks.  Wetland shrinkage, prey (fish) depletion in natural wetlands and persecution threaten species persistence.  Wetland restoration, reducing human pressure and increasing fish densities in the wetlands, provision of compensation for loss from Fishing Cats and awareness programs should be conducted to ensure their survival.  We also recommend studying genetic diversity of sub-populations, as well as habitat use by radio-tagging. 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Mishra, R., Basnet, K., Amin, R. and Lamichhane, B.R. 2018. Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus Bennett, 1833 (Carnivora: Felidae) distribution and habitat characteristics in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 10, 11 (Oct. 2018), 12451–12458. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3426.10.11.12451-12458.
Section
Communications
Author Biographies

Rama Mishra, Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal

Rama Mishra is young conservationist with interest in small carnivores. She is working in Fishing Cat research in Nepal.  She is also conducting conservation awareness project on human-elephant co-existence.  

Khadga Basnet, Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal

Babu Ram Lamichhane has interest in application of geo-informatics in wildlife conservation and research.  He is now studying human-wildlife interactions in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. 

Rajan Amin, Conservation Programmes, Zoological Society of London, Regent’s Park, London, NW1 4RY, UK

 Rajan Amin is conservation biologist at ZSL with long experience from Asia and Africa.

 

Babu Ram Lamichhane, 4 National Trust for Nature Conservation - Biodiversity Conservation Center, Ratnanagar-6, Sauraha, Chitwan, Nepal

Babu Ram Lamichhane has interest in application of geo-informatics in wildlife conservation and research. He is now studying human-wildlife interactions in Chitwan National Park, Nepal.

 

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