Two new reports of thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) from India

Main Article Content

R. R. Rachana
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0343-6825
R. Varatharajan
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3045-9683

Abstract

Caliothrips punctipennis (Hood) and the male of Western Flower Thrips Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) have been recorded for the first time from India.  F. occidentalis was collected on the leaves of Erythrina indica from Ooty in the Nilgiris, the Western Ghats, southern India, whereas C. punctipennis was collected from yellow pan traps laid at Great Nicobar, India.  Considering the quarantine importance of the pest F. occidentalis, the report of the male for the first time in India needs attention and concern.  Males are also known to be more effective vectors of tospoviruses than females.  Xerochrysum bracteatum, the Common Golden Everlasting Daisy, is often taken out of Ooty by tourists to other parts of the country.  This along with other planting materials carried by tourists and farmers could aid in the dispersal of F. occidentalis to the temperate regions of northern and southern India, where it is likely to thrive in the congenial climatic conditions prevalent there.  Under these circumstances, it is imperative that quarantine mechanisms within the country are activated and strengthened, to prevent the spread of this notorious pest to the rest of India from the pockets of its occurrence in southern India - particularly the Nilgiris.  The diagnostic characters of both species are discussed.

 

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Rachana, R.R. and Varatharajan, R. 2018. Two new reports of thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) from India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 10, 2 (Feb. 2018), 11312–11315. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3380.10.2.11312-11315.
Section
Short Communications

References

Adams, M.J., E.J. Lefkowitz, A.M.Q. King, B. Herrach, R.L. Harrison, N.J. Knowles, A.M. Kropinski, M. Krupovic, J.H. Kuhn, A.R. Mushegian, M. Nibert, S. Sabanadizovic, H. Sanfacon, S.G. Siddell, P. Simmonds, A. Varsani, F.M. Zerbini, A.E. Gorbalenya & A.J. Davison (2017). Changes to taxonomy and the international code of virus classification and nomenclature ratified by the international committee on taxonomy of viruses. Archives of Virology 162: 2505–2538.

Ananthakrishnan, T.N. (1984). Bioecology of Thrips. Indira Publishing House, USA, 205pp.

Ananthakrishnan, T.N. & S. Sen (1980). Taxonomy of Indian Thysanoptera. Handbook series No.1, Zoological survey of India, 234pp.

Cavalleri, A. & L.A. Mound (2012). Towards the identification of Frankliniella species in Brazil. Zootaxa 3270: 1–30.

Diffie, S., G.B. Edwards & L.A. Mound (2008). Thysanoptera of southeastern U.S.A.: A checklist for Florida and Georgia. Zootaxa 1787: 45–62.

Hood, J.D. (1912). Descriptions of new North American Thysanoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 14: 129–160.

Hood, J.D. (1914). On the proper generic names of certain Thysanoptera of economic importance. Proceedings of US National Museum 16: 34–44.

Jain, R.K., S. Bag, K. Umamaheswaran & B. Mandal (2007). Natural infection by tospovirus of cucurbitaceous and fabaceous vegetable crops in India. Journal of Phytopathology 155: 22–25.

Jones, P.F.R., M.S. Hoddle & R. Stouthamer (2010). Nuclear- mitochondrial barcoding exposes the global pest western flower thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) as two sympatric cryptic species in its native California. Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 877–886.

Karny, H.H. (1910). Neue Thysanopteren der Wiener Gegend. Mitt des Naturwiss Ver University Wien 8: 41–57.

Kirk, W.D.J. & L.I. Terry (2003). The spread of the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande). Agricultural and Forest Entomology 5: 301–310.

Mound, L.A., H. Zhang & Y. Bei (2011). Caliothrips tongi sp.n. (Thysanoptera, Thripidae) from China, and a dubious record of North American Bean Thrips. Zootaxa 2736: 57–62.

Rachana, R.R & R. Varatharajan (2017). Checklist of terebrantian thrips (Insecta: Thysanoptera) recorded from India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 9(1): 9748–9755;

http://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2705.9.1.9748-9755

Reddy, D.V.R., A.A.M. Buiel, T. Satyanarayana, S.L. Dwivedi, A.S. Reddy, A.S. Ratna, K. Vijaylakshmi, G.V.R. Rao, R.A. Naidu & J.A. Wightman (1995). Peanut bud necrosis virus disease: an overview, pp. 3–7. In: Buiel, A.A.M., J.E. Parlevliet & J.M. Lenne (eds.). Recent Studies on Peanut Bud Necrosis Disease: Proceedings of a Meeting. ICRISAT Asia Centre, 251pp.

Riley, D., J. Shimat, R. Srinivasan & S. Diffie (2011). Thrips vectors of tospoviruses. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 1: 1–10.

Sakimura, K. & E. O’Neill (1979). Frankliniella, redefinition of genus and revision of minuta group species (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Washington DC: US Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin, 157pp.

ThripsWiki http://thrips.info/wiki/Main-Page. Accessed on 07 December 2017.

Tyagi, K. & V. Kumar (2015). First report of western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thripidae: Thysanoptera) from India - A potential havoc to Indian Agriculture. Halteres 6: 1–3.

Wilson, T.H. (1975). A monograph of the subfamily Panchaetothripinae (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 23: 1–354.