Assessments on the impact of human-tiger conflict and community-based conservation in Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, India

Main Article Content

Sandeep Chouksey
Somesh Singh


Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve (BTR) is one of the famous tiger reserves in India, situated in Uamria District of Madhya Pradesh.  Data on human-tiger conflict were collected from the forest record during the period from 2001 to 2011 and a questionnaire survey was conducted to know the level of human-tiger conflict. A total of 27 human casualties were recorded, of which 40.75% were lethal (death) and 59.25% were injuries. A total of 1,603 livestock killing were recorded by tiger, of which consisting of 76.54% (1227) cattle (cow/ox), 22.52% (361) buffaloes and 0.93% (15) goats. Illegal entry into the core and buffer area for collection of minor forest produce, daily needs, and livestock grazing were observed to be the major reasons behind the existing conflict.  Poor livestock shelter was also found responsible for mauling of cattle by tigers.  The forest department had provided adequate compensation for the losses, but most of the respondents were unsatisfied due to assorted reasons. Poaching and retaliation killing of tiger is also a serious issue in and around BTR.  A total of four tiger poaching and one revenge killing case was recorded.  Conflicts create a negative impact on people, even then majority of the respondents (83.89%) felt the necessity for tiger conservation.  Wildlife habitat improvement, restocking of prey base by translocation of herbivores, fencing of protected areas, controlled grazing and rangeland management, adequate compensation, eco-development, promoting the use of toilets in surrounding villages for safety, proper housing of livestock, and community-based conservation are some options for control and management of human-tiger conflict.

Article Details

How to Cite
Chouksey, S. and Singh, S. 2018. Assessments on the impact of human-tiger conflict and community-based conservation in Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 10, 7 (Jun. 2018), 11844–11849. DOI:
Author Biographies

Sandeep Chouksey, School of Forestry and Environment - Sam Higginbottam University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Naini, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh 211007, India

Aquried a Post Graduate Degree in Wildlife Science from Sam Higginbottam Institute of Agriculture Technology and Sciences.

Somesh Singh, Centre for Wildlife Forensic and Health, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Indira Gandhi Marg, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482001, India

Assistant professor of wildlife health and management in Veterinary University Jabalpur.


Bhattarai, B.R. (2009). Human-Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) conflict in Bardia National Park, Nepal. MSc Thesis, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald.

Gurang, B., J.L.D. Smith, C. McDougal, J.B. Karki & A. Barlow (2008). Factors associated with human-killing tiger in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Biological Conservation 141: 3069–3078.

Johnson, A., C. Vongkhamheng, M. Hedemark & T. Saithongdam (2006). Effects of human–carnivore conflict on Tiger (Panthera tigris) and prey populations in Lao PDR. Animal Conservation 9: 421–30.

Linnell, J.D. (1999). Large carnivores that kill livestock: Do ‘‘problem individuals’’ really exist? Wildlife Society Bulletin 27: 698–705.

Matarasso, M. (2004). Targeting behaviour: developing conservation education, communications and advocacy programmes with the participation of local communities. WWF Indochina Programme, Hanoi.

Miquelle, D.G., I. Nikolaev, J.M. Goodrich, B. Litvinov, E.N. Smirnov & E. Suvorov (2005). People and tigers in the Russian Far East: searching for the ‘coexistence recipe’, pp. 305–322. In: Woodroffe, R., S. Thirgood & A. Rabinowitz (eds.). People and Wildlife, Conflict or Coexistence? Cambridge University Press, New York, USA.

Nowell, K. & P. Jackson (eds.) (1996). Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Nugraha, R.T. & J. Sugardjito (2009). Assessment and management options of human–tiger conflicts in Kerinci Seblat National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia. Mammal Study 34: 141–154.

Nyhus, P.J. & R. Tilson (2004). Characterizing human–tiger conflict in Sumatra, Indonesia: implications for conservation. Oryx 38: 68–74.

Prakasam, U. (2005). Management Plan for Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, Umaria, Madhya Pradesh.

Sillero-Zubiri, C., Sukamar & A. Treves (2006). Living with wildlife: the roots of conflict and the solutions, pp. 253–270. In: Macdonald, D.W. & K. Service (eds.). Key Topics in Conservation Biology. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK.

Smith, J.L.D., C. McDougal & M.E. Sunquist (1987). Female land tenure systems in tigers, pp. 97–109. In: Tilson, R.L. & U.S. Seal (eds.). Tigers of the World: The Biology, Biopolitics, Management and Conservation of an Endangered Species. Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey.

Sunquist, M.E. (1981). The social organization of Tigers (Panthera tigris) in Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 336: 1–98.

Williams, A. & S.R. Saigal (2010). Survey Report on Bandhavgarh National Park.

Woodroffe, R. & J.R. Ginsberg (1998). Edge effects and the extinction of populations inside protected areas. Science 280: 2126–2128.