Rediscovery of the Frilled Tail Gecko Hemidactylus platyurus (Schneider, 1792) in Sri Lanka after more than 160 years

Main Article Content

Anslem de Silva
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7899-5237
Majintha Madawala
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3786-2283
Aaron M. Bauer
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6839-8025
Suranjan Karunarathna
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0965-7781

Abstract

Eight species of Hemidactylus are currently recognized in Sri Lanka—frenatus, leschenaultii, scabriceps, parvimaculatus, depressus, hunae, lankae, and pieresii—with the latter four endemic to the island.  A ninth species, Hemidactylus platyurus, was until now only confirmed from Sri Lanka by two specimens sent to the British Museum of Natural History by E.F. Kelaart in 1855.  There was no exact collection locality recorded for these specimens, which are associated simply with the provenance “Ceylon†(now Sri Lanka).  The present communication reports the rediscovery of the gecko H. platyurus and confirms its occurrence in Sri Lanka.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Silva, A. de, Madawala, M., Bauer, A.M. and Karunarathna, S. 2016. Rediscovery of the Frilled Tail Gecko Hemidactylus platyurus (Schneider, 1792) in Sri Lanka after more than 160 years. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 8, 14 (Dec. 2016), 9663–9666. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2866.8.14.9663-9666.
Section
Short Communications
Author Biography

Suranjan Karunarathna, Nature Explorations and Education Team, No: B-1/G-6, De Soysapura Flats, Moratuwa 10400, Sri Lanka

Suranjan Karunarathna is reading his Mater degree from the University of Colombo. His scientific exploration of biodiversity began with Young Zoologists’ Association of Sri Lanka in early 2000 and former president in 2007. As a field biologist he is conducts research on herpetofaunal ecology, taxonomy, and promot­ing science base conservation awareness of the importance of biodiversity among the Sri Lankan community. Also he is an active member of many specialist groups in the IUCN/SSC, and expert committee member of Herpetofauna in National Red List development programs, Sri Lanka

References

Amarasinghe, A.A.T., M.B. Madawala, D.M.S.S. Karunarathna, S.C. Manolis, A. de Silva & R. Sommerlad (2015). Human-crocodile conflict & conservation implications of Saltwater Crocodiles Crocodylus porosus (Reptilia: Crocodylia: Crocodylidae) in Sri Lanka. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(5): 7111–7130; http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o4159.7111-30

Bambaradeniya, C.N.B. (2001). Threatened herpetofauna of Sri Lanka, pp. 91–101. In: Bambaradeniya, C.N.B. & V.N. Samarasekara, (eds.). An Overview of the Threatened Herpetofauna of South Asia. IUCN Sri Lanka and Asia Regional Biodiversity Programme, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 118pp.

Bartlett, R.D. & P.P. Bartlett (1999). A Field Guide to Florida Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, Texas, 278pp.

Batuwita, S. & R. Pethiyagoda (2012). Rediscovery of the Sri Lankan ‘house gecko’ Hemidactylus pieresii Kelaart (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) with a redescription of Hemidactylus depressus Gray. Zootaxa 3359: 17–30.

Bauer, A.M. & K. Henle (1994). Das Tierreich, Teilband 109. Familia Gekkonidae (Reptilia, Sauria). Part 1. Australia and Oceania. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 306pp.

Bauer, A.M., T.R. Jackman, E. Greenbaum, V.B. Giri & A. de Silva (2010). South Asia supports a major endemic radiation of Hemidactylus geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57(1): 343–352; http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2010.06.014

Boulenger, G.A. (1890). The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor and Francis, London, 541pp.

Carranza, S. & E.N. Arnold (2006). Systematics, biogeography, and evolution of Hemidactylus geckos (Reptilia:Gekkonidae) elucidated using mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38(2): 531–545;

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2005.07.012

Das, I. (2010). A Field Guide to the Reptiles of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd., London, 376pp.

Das, I. & A. de Silva (2005). A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd, London, 144pp.

Deraniyagala, P.E.P. (1932). The Gekkonoideae of Ceylon. Spolia Zeylanica 16(3): 291–310.

Deraniyagala, P.E.P. (1953). A Colored Atlas of Some Vertebrates from Ceylon, Tetrapod Reptilia. Vol. 02. National Museums of Sri Lanka, Colombo, 101pp.

de Silva, A. (1996). The Herpetofauna of Sri Lanka: A Brief Review. Published by author, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 99pp.

de Silva, A. (2006). Current status of the Reptiles of Sri Lanka, pp. 134–163. In: Bambaradeniya, C.N.B. (ed.). Fauna of Sri Lanka: Status of Taxonomy, Research and Conservation. IUCN Sri Lanka, Colombo, 308pp.

Ferguson, W. (1877). Reptile Fauna of Ceylon: Letter on a collection sent to the Colombo Museum. Government printers, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), 42pp.

IUCN-SL and MOE-SL (2007). The 2007 Red List of Threatened Fauna & Flora of Sri Lanka. Colombo, Sri Lanka, 148pp.

Kluge, A.G. (2001). Gekkotan Lizard Taxonomy. Hamadryad 26(1): 1–209.

Manamendra-Arachchi, K. (1995). The geckos of Sri Lanka. Lyriocephalus 2(1&2): 82.

Manthey, U. & W. Grossmann (1997). Amphibien und Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier - Verlag, Münster, 512pp.

Meshaka, Jr. W.E. & J. Lewis (1994). Cosymbotus platyurus in Florida: ten years of stasis. Herpetological Review 25(3): 127.

Meshaka, Jr. W.E., B.P. Butterfield & J.B. Hauge (2004). The Exotic Amphibians and Reptiles of Florida. Krieger, Melbourne, Florida, 166pp.

MOE-SL (2012). The National Red List 2012 of Sri Lanka; Conservation Status of the Fauna and Flora. Ministry of Environment, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 476pp.

Pethiyagoda, R. (2007). Pearls, Spices and Green Gold: An Illustrated History of Biodiversity Exploration in Sri Lanka. Wildlife Heritage Trust Ltd. Publications, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 241pp.

Punzo, F. (2005). The introduction of hemidactyline geckos in Florida: Colonization and impact on native fauna, pp. 231–237. In: Meshaka, W.E. & K.J. Babbitt (eds.). Amphibians and Reptiles, Status and Conservation in Florida. Krieger Publishing Co., Malabar, Florida, 334pp.

Smith, M.A. (1935). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma; Reptilia and Amphibia. Taylor and Francis, London, 440pp.

Somaweera, R. & N. Somaweera (2009). Lizards of Sri Lanka, a Colour Guide with Field Keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 304pp.

Taylor, E.H. (1953). A review of the lizards of Ceylon. The University of Kansas Science Bulletin 35(2): 1525–1585.

Uetz, P. & J. Hošek (2016). The Reptile Database. http://www.reptile-database.org (accessed 09.06.16).

Ulber, T. & E. Ulber (1991). Cosymbotus platyurus (Schneider).

Sauria Supplement 13(1–4): 201–204.

Wickramasinghe, M. & R. Somaweera (2002). Distribution and current status of the endemic geckos of Sri Lanka. Gekko 3(1): 2–13.

Wickramasinghe, M. & R. Somaweera (2008). Changes in the distribution ranges of the Sri Lankan Hemidactylus geckos. Gekko 5(2): 44–60.