Reappearance of the rare Shingle Urchin Colobocentrotus (Podophora) atratus (Camarodonta: Echinometridae) after eight decades from the rocky shore of Kodiyaghat (Port Blair), South Andaman Islands, India

Main Article Content

Vikas Pandey
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0925-3074
T. Ganesh
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9938-3483

Abstract

The present work is aimed at facilitating conservation efforts of a rare species of sea urchin (Colobocentrotus atratus) reported nearly eight decades after its initial description by Bell (1887) and later by Clarke (1925) from the coastal waters of south Andaman Islands. Recently, during a three years study (2011-14) on the macrobenthic epifauna along the south Andaman coast, five live specimens of C. atratus were recorded from Kodiyaghat (11031'532''N; 092043'457'' E), south Andaman Islands. Available information shows that this species has reappeared in the south Andaman Islands seventy nine years after the citation by Sastry (1994) collected in the year 1935. The disappearance of this species from the literature in the intermittent years and a sparse population in coastal reaches of south Andaman Islands at present suggest that this species makes a candidate taxa for inclusion in the list of ‘endangered’ or ‘vulnerable’ Indian marine species following IUCN Red List criteria to Wild species.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Pandey, V. and Ganesh, T. 2016. Reappearance of the rare Shingle Urchin Colobocentrotus (Podophora) atratus (Camarodonta: Echinometridae) after eight decades from the rocky shore of Kodiyaghat (Port Blair), South Andaman Islands, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 8, 11 (Sep. 2016), 9377–9380. DOI:https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2406.8.11.9377-9380.
Section
Notes
Author Biography

T. Ganesh, Department of Ocean Studies and Marine Biology, Pondicherry University, Brookshabad Campus, Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands 744112, India

Assistant Professor,
Department of Ocean Studies & Marine Biology

References

Barbera, C., Fernández-Jover, D., Jimenez, JL., Silvera, DG., Hinz, H. & Moranta, J. (2011). Trophic ecology of the sea urchin Spatangus purpureus elucidated from gonad fatty acids composition analysis. Marine environmental research 71(4): 235-246.

Bell, FJ. (1887). Report on a collection of Echinodermata from Andaman Islands. Proceedings of Zoological Society of London 139-145.

Chiold, J. (1989). Species distributions of irregular echinoids. Biological Oceanography 6: 79–162

Clark, AM. & Rowe, FWE. (1971). Monograph of shallow water indo-west Pacific echinoderms, 142-158.

Clark, HL. (1925). A Catalogue of recent sea-urchins (Echinoidea) in the collection of the British Museum (Natural History), 145 pages.

Denny, M. & Gaylord, B. (1996). Why the urchin lost its spines: hydrodynamic forces and survivorship in three echinoids. The Journal of experimental biology 199(3): 717-729.

English, S., Wilkinson, C. & Baker, V. (1997). Survey manual for Tropical Marine Resources, 2nd edition. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville, Australia.

Gallien, WB. (1986). A comparison of hydrodynamic forces on two sympatric sea urchins: implications of morphology and habitat. MSc thesis, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA.

Grasshoff, K., Kremling, K. & Erhardt, M (1999). Methods of sea water analysis (3rd completely revised and extended edition). Weinheim (Germany): Wiley VCH. 600 pages.

Hernández, JC., Clemente, S., Sangil, C. & Brito, A. (2008). The key role of the sea urchin Diadema aff. antillarum in controlling macroalgae assemblages throughout the Canary Islands (eastern subtropical Atlantic): an spatio-temporal approach. Marine Environmental Research 66(2): 259-270.

Himmelman, JH. & Dutil, C. (1991). Distribution, population structure and feeding of subtidal seastars in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. Marine Ecology Progress Series 76: 61-72.

James, DB. (1982). Ecology of intertidal echinoderms of the Indian seas. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 24(1&2): 124-129.

James, DB. (1983). Research on Indian echinoderms-a review. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 25(1&2): 91-108.

Julka, JM. & Das, S. (1978). Studies on the Shallowâ€Water Starfishes of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Zoologisches Museum und Institut für Spezielle Zoologie (Berlin) 54(2): 345-351.

Lawrence, JM. (2006). Edible Sea Urchins: Biology and Ecology. Developments in aquaculture and fisheries sciences. Oxford, UK: Elsevier. 380 pages.

McCormack, G. (2007) Cook Islands Biodiversity Database. Version 2007.2. Cook Islands Natural Heritage Trust. Rarotonga. Available from: http://cookislands.bishopmuseum.org. (accessed on 26 August 2014).

Mortenson, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoida, vol. 3(3), Camarodonta II. Copenhagen: C. A. Reitzel.

Pearse, JS. (2006). Ecological role of purple sea urchins. Science 314(5801): 940-941.

Plancus, J. & Gualtire, N. (1743). De Stella Marina Echinata Quindecim Radiis instructa Epistplae binae.

Santos, R. & Flammang, P. (2008). Estimation of the attachment strength of the shingle sea urchin Colobocentrotus atratus, and comparison with three sympatric echinoids. Marine Biology 154: 37-49.

Sastry, DRK. (1998). Some Echinoderms new to Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park with two Records from India. Proceedings of Symposium on Island Ecosystem and Sustainable Development: 133-138. Port Blair: Andaman Science Association. 245 pages.

Sastry, DRK. (1999). New Records of Echinodermata from Andaman Island, Bay of Bengal. Journal of Andaman Science Association 15: 17-20.

Sastry, DRK. (2001). Echinodermata (other than Holothuroidea) from Ritchie’s Archipelago, Andaman Islands. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 99: 157-170.

Sastry, DRK. (2002). Echinodermata associated with coral reefs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 100: 21-60.

Sastry, DRK. (2005). Echinodermata of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal: An Annotated List. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 233: 1-207.

Sastry, DRK. (2007). Echinodermata of India: An Annotated list. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 271: 1- 387.

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. www.iucnredlist.org. (accessed on 08 August 2015).

Zizka, MD. (2012). Sea Urchins on the Move: Distribution Change of Echinometra in Mo’orea French Polynesia. Berkeley Scientific Journal: 15(1).

Most read articles by the same author(s)